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May 29, 2008 Bangkok Page 1 Andreas Middendorf, Nils F. Nissen, Karsten Schischke, Lutz Stobbe Dept. Environmental Engineering „EU Environment Policy and its perspective to business“ Thursday, 29 May 2008 Imperial Queen’s Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand EU Eco-Design and Strategies: Benefits of being Green Andreas Middendorf Technische Universität Berlin Nils F. Nissen, Karsten Schischke, Lutz Stobbe Fraunhofer IZM Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany

May 29, 2008 Bangkok Page 1 Andreas Middendorf, Nils F. Nissen, Karsten Schischke, Lutz Stobbe Dept. Environmental Engineering „EU Environment Policy and

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May 29 2008BangkokPage 1

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoEU Environment Policy and its perspective to businessldquo

Thursday 29 May 2008Imperial Queenrsquos Park Hotel Bangkok Thailand

EU Eco-Design and Strategies Benefits of being Green

Andreas MiddendorfTechnische Universitaumlt Berlin

Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe Fraunhofer IZM

Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25 13355 Berlin Germany

May 29 2008BangkokPage 2

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Materials

Life Science

Micro Electronics

Information Technology

ProductionTechnologies

Surface Engineering

Photonics

13 000Employees

app 13 Bil euro Turn Over

appr 65Contract Research

Overview Fraunhofer GesellschaftExcellence in Applied Research

56 Institutes

May 29 2008BangkokPage 3

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 4

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Design of green electronic systems

Analysis of electronic products manufacturing and packaging

Environmental assessment and life cycle costing

Transition management of lead free interconnection systems

Estimation of remaining lifetime for service and reuse

End of life strategies (reuse and recycling)

Demonstration center product cycles

May 29 2008BangkokPage 5

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 6

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EcoDesign Awareness Raising Campaign for

Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

28 workshops all over Europe (21 countries)

Target sector size 170000 SMEs

1200 participants (600 from SMEs)

Organised by Fraunhofer IZM Berlin

Financed by European Commission DG TREN

wwwEcoDesignARCinfoMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Workshop documentation

25 Business case studies

Comprehensive teaching

material

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 2

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Materials

Life Science

Micro Electronics

Information Technology

ProductionTechnologies

Surface Engineering

Photonics

13 000Employees

app 13 Bil euro Turn Over

appr 65Contract Research

Overview Fraunhofer GesellschaftExcellence in Applied Research

56 Institutes

May 29 2008BangkokPage 3

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 4

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Design of green electronic systems

Analysis of electronic products manufacturing and packaging

Environmental assessment and life cycle costing

Transition management of lead free interconnection systems

Estimation of remaining lifetime for service and reuse

End of life strategies (reuse and recycling)

Demonstration center product cycles

May 29 2008BangkokPage 5

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 6

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EcoDesign Awareness Raising Campaign for

Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

28 workshops all over Europe (21 countries)

Target sector size 170000 SMEs

1200 participants (600 from SMEs)

Organised by Fraunhofer IZM Berlin

Financed by European Commission DG TREN

wwwEcoDesignARCinfoMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Workshop documentation

25 Business case studies

Comprehensive teaching

material

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 3

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 4

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Design of green electronic systems

Analysis of electronic products manufacturing and packaging

Environmental assessment and life cycle costing

Transition management of lead free interconnection systems

Estimation of remaining lifetime for service and reuse

End of life strategies (reuse and recycling)

Demonstration center product cycles

May 29 2008BangkokPage 5

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 6

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EcoDesign Awareness Raising Campaign for

Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

28 workshops all over Europe (21 countries)

Target sector size 170000 SMEs

1200 participants (600 from SMEs)

Organised by Fraunhofer IZM Berlin

Financed by European Commission DG TREN

wwwEcoDesignARCinfoMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Workshop documentation

25 Business case studies

Comprehensive teaching

material

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 4

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Design of green electronic systems

Analysis of electronic products manufacturing and packaging

Environmental assessment and life cycle costing

Transition management of lead free interconnection systems

Estimation of remaining lifetime for service and reuse

End of life strategies (reuse and recycling)

Demonstration center product cycles

May 29 2008BangkokPage 5

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 6

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EcoDesign Awareness Raising Campaign for

Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

28 workshops all over Europe (21 countries)

Target sector size 170000 SMEs

1200 participants (600 from SMEs)

Organised by Fraunhofer IZM Berlin

Financed by European Commission DG TREN

wwwEcoDesignARCinfoMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Workshop documentation

25 Business case studies

Comprehensive teaching

material

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 5

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 6

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EcoDesign Awareness Raising Campaign for

Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

28 workshops all over Europe (21 countries)

Target sector size 170000 SMEs

1200 participants (600 from SMEs)

Organised by Fraunhofer IZM Berlin

Financed by European Commission DG TREN

wwwEcoDesignARCinfoMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Workshop documentation

25 Business case studies

Comprehensive teaching

material

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 6

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EcoDesign Awareness Raising Campaign for

Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

28 workshops all over Europe (21 countries)

Target sector size 170000 SMEs

1200 participants (600 from SMEs)

Organised by Fraunhofer IZM Berlin

Financed by European Commission DG TREN

wwwEcoDesignARCinfoMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Workshop documentation

25 Business case studies

Comprehensive teaching

material

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 7

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

bdquoReal lifeldquo motivation for eco-design

benchmarking with competitors ndash developing a better product bdquogreenldquo innovations ndash technological functionality and environmental

improvements realised in parallel Cost savings ndash usually through component reduction and decreased

material variety Serving a market niche Corporate and product image public procurement Selling a service instead of a product (RoHS WEEE preparation)

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 8

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Recommended follow-ups

(1) Further awareness raising and education Implementing eco-design topics as integrated or side-activity at

technological conferences and at appropriate trade fairs Qualified publications in technical magazines journals Integrating eco-design aspects in university curricula (mid-term

strategy) combined with educational services for professionals

(2) Eco-design implementation in SMEs Mentoring programmes for tool application and strategy development Regional working groups round tables on specific issues Information services Legislation orientations funding resources

matchmaking with experts Research Guideline for eco-design ndash the designerrsquos perspective and

merging of eco-design tools and conventional design tools

EU EcoDesign Campaign

Made inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

Made inMade inMade inMade inMade inMade in2005

EcoDesignAwareness Raising Campaignfor Electrical amp Electronics SMEs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 9

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts ndash examples based on

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia

Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 10

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Framework Directive for the setting of eco-design requirements for Energy using Products (200532EC)

Full text httpeur-lexeuropaeuLexUriServLexUriServdouri=CELEX32005L0032ENNOT

Framework directive = NO direct obligations for manufacturers

Scope

Products which are ldquodependent on energy input (electricity fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended or a product for the generation transfer and measurement of such energyldquo

Ecodesign requirements

Implementation of life cycle thinking

Focus on energy (motivated by global warming)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 11

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Implementing Measures

will be drafted by the European Commission for

dedicated product groups

horizontal aspects

are proposed for product categories which (Art 15)

represent a significant volume of sales in the EU market (gt 200000 unitsyear)

involve a significant environmental impact and

present a significant potential for improvement

will be developed based on a scientific technical environmental and economic analysis (ldquoEuP Preparatory Studiesrdquo which will check Art 15 criteria)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 12

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

hellip

Compiled by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 13

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP Directive Introduction

Specific Requirements

threshold values for eg

power consumption in various modes consumption of consumables content of certain materials hellip

Generic Requirements

general improvement of environmental performance focus on significant aspects

ldquoEcological Profilerdquo

Assessing for individual life cycle phases consumption emissions physical impacts waste etc etc

Assessment of design alternatives

(consumer) information

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 14

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sta

nda

rdis

atio

nM

anda

te(C

EN

ELE

C)

Synergies of EU Policies

EuP Preparatory Studies

Least LifeCycle Costs

Improvement Potential

Significant Environmental

Impacts

Measurement Standardisation

Requirements

EuPImplementing Measures

u Pu P

GenericRequirements

SpecificRequirements

EUEco-Label

EU Energy Efficiency Label

voluntary mandatorymandatory

VoluntaryAgreementsWhen ambitiouscompared with business asusual andsignificant share of the market

or

Revision 5-10 years depending on product group and progress of technology but staged requirements possible Dynamic but predictable to encourage improvement products while providing clarity on investments for Industry Consistent - Thresholds to be maintained (A becomes D etc)

- Reward Development of lsquogoodrsquo products compatibility of incentives

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 15

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Num

ber

of u

nits

sol

d

Environmental performance eg energy efficiency

EuP minimum performance

standard

Before EuP

with EuP minimum

performance standard

with EuP minimum performance standard and

labeling

class G class F class E class D class C class B class A

Effect of Minimum Requirements + Energy Efficiency labeling

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 16

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Success Story Energy Efficiency Labelling in the EU

It works because consumer cares about energy costs

Market share of household refigerators and freezers

CECED 2nd annual report CECED Unilateral Commitment on reducing energy consumption ofhousehold refrigerators and freezers 2nd annual report to the Commission of the EuropeanCommunities CECED (wwwcecedorg) December 2005

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 17

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 18

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 19

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

European Commission Proposal

Tier 1 after 6 months

Tier 2 after 2 years

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power SuppliesNo-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Based on EuP Preparatory Study by Bio IS Fraunhofer IZM Energy Star database adapted by IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 20

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

External Power Supplies

Tier Rated Output Power

lt 50 W 50 ndash 250 W

tier 1

05 W 05 W

tier 2

03 W 05 W

No-Load Requirements for External Power Supplies

Technology Impacts External ac-dc power supplies based on linear technology will

see a de-facto ban with tier 1 Tier 2 will challenge also many switch-mode power supplies Tier 2 no-load requirements will result in a shift from (less

efficient) ac-ac to ac-dc power supplies (eg for cordless phones)

Ambitious efficiency and no-load standards are not likely to have an adverse effect elsewhere in the life cycle ban of linear power supplies means significant material savings

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 21

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 22

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Exemplary Assessment Results

source EuP Preparatory Study on TVs by Fraunhofer IZM

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 23

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Horizontal polarization filter

Thin Film Transistor (TFT)

CCFL or LED Backlight

Liquid crystal

Glass panel with TFT (ITO)

Front glass substrate

Cover (antireflective hard coating)

Vertical polarization filter

Color filter and Black matrix

Materials amp Design

PSU Efficiency

Panel amp BLU

Areas for Improvement of LCD-TV

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 24

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Overview (non-display) Technical Options for Lower Power ConsumptionOption Specification of improvement Env

improvement potential

Cost factor availability

High Efficient PSU(η 85 - 90)

Optimized power supply architecture (dimension) with specific electronic components choice and board design

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral Possible utilization of proprietary technology

Fewer Voltage conversion stages

Multiple power conversion increases losses A reduction of power conversion steps has a very good potential to reduce power consumption

Very good (+ +) Cost neutral or down(difficult to achieve)

Reduced power consumption of tuner and DSP non-volatile memory

Utilization of low power components and improved power management Non-volatile memory is mainly used already Signal and picture processing power increases with full HD

Very good (+ +) Cost increase or neutral(Possible utilization of proprietary technology)

Passive Standby reduction under 1W

Related to PSU design State of the art is le1W lowest standby down to 03W is BAT In standby all unnecessary components (functions) should be disabled (processor)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Active (network) Standby reduction

Active standby for downloading programs and information should be time limited Tuner DSP function is critical point of improvement (use of timer)

Good (+) Cost increase or neutral

Alternative power supply for remote control

eg solar powered Marginal Cost increase

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 25

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions General Ecodesign Options

Option Specification of improvement Env impr potential

Miniaturization of electronic boards

Higher system integration aiming on a reduction of board surface area and number of electronic components

Good (+ )

Reduction of number of parts Amount of screws cable metal or plastic parts etc Good (+)

Reduction of product weight Physical design of frames chassis thermal management elements (heat sinks fans) etc

Good (+)

Reduction of parts or materials that need special treatment at product end-of-life

Reduction of Hg containing LCD-BLU Reduction of lead in display panels Reduction of PVC in cables Use of bromine and chlorine -free flame retardants (today mostly phosphor based)

Good (+)

Utilization of hybrid or full bio-plastics

Modified Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) corn starch based polymers etc Only eco-friendly when energy efficient material supply is realized

Good (+)

Utilization of recycled materials Recycled polymers (eg PCABS) for housing Marginal

Avoidance of color layered (painted) or sandwiched plastics

Composite materials and surface finished (painted) plastics increases the treatment efforts during recycling Homogenously dyed plastics are the better option

Marginal

Component lifetime improvement and repair friendliness

Quality of power supply unit and main components such as the display However be aware that continuous power efficiency improvement could make faster exchange of product feasible

Marginal

Design for Recycling Easy disassembly of main components Display (incl mercury containing BLU) electronic boards steel frames and chassis large heat sinks etc

Marginal

Reduction of packaging material and volume

Optimum utilization of space use of recycled materials or materials that is easy to recycle

Marginal Good (+)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 26

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed Parameter screen size Additional energy consumption allowance for ldquofull High

Definitionrdquo TVs

PTVon = aScreen b Pascreen + c PBasic + Pfeature

With Pascreen = 0275 Winsup2 PBasic = 40 W Threshold limit for HD ready b = 1 c = 1

for full HD b = 14 c = 1

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 27

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions Policy Recommendations

Energy efficiency Based on results of the preparatory study

Threshold limit proposed for HD readyPower Consumption Reference Values for HD-ready [0275Winsup2 with 40W base] in correlation to Base Case LLCC

3337

2446

2009

1195

1013

1596

00

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Screen Size in inchsup2

Po

wer

Co

ns

um

pti

on

in

Wa

tt

Minimum

Maximum

Average

Limit Value

LLCC

23 26 32 37 42 50

Pbasic 40W

Pα screen 0275 Winsup2

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 28

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Comparison of Recommendation for EuP Minimum Requirements EU Energy Efficiency Labeling

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

Screen surface area (in inchsup2)

Pow

er C

onsu

mp

tion

(in

Wat

ts) MR (full HD) Class G

MR (non-full HD) Class F

Class E

Class D

Class C

Class B

Class A

Televisions

Energy efficiency Comparison of power consumption requirements

Plasma full HD

RPs

Plasma others

LCDs

CRTs

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 29

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Energy efficiency labeling Based on results of the preparatory study

7 classes A-G proposed (coherent with existing classification for White Goods)

A 50 better than the minimum requirement for HD ready TVs

Each class means 10 improvement compared to minimum requirement

G for full HD TVs only

Estimate Rear-projection TVs are likely to achieve class A for LCD TVs majority might achieve C and D

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 30

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Televisions

Scenarios Business-as-usual Minimum requirement Energy efficiency label class B (40

improvement)

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 31

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 32

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Scope (EC proposal May 14 2008) Large household appliances Small household appliances IT and telecommunications equipment Consumer equipment Toys leisure and sports equipment Monitoring and control instruments

(might be overruled by product specific implementing measures)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 33

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Definitions (EC proposal May 14 2008)

Off mode

The equipment is connected to a mains power source and provides no function A mere indication of the off mode condition is also considered off mode

Standby

The equipment is connected to the mains power source and provides only the following functions which may persist for an indefinite time

reactivation function or reactivation function and a mere indication of enabled reactivation function andor

information or status display

(not considered as standby preheating functions sensor-based safety functions network reactivation and network integrity functions)

Standby and Off-mode

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 34

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Standby and Off-mode

Standby Power Minimum Standards (EC proposal May 14 2008)

2-tier approach Tier 1 one year after IM has come into force Tier 2 four years after IM has come into force

Tier 1 Tier 2

Off-mode 1 W 05 W

Standby (only reactivation function) 1 W 05 W

Standby (information or status display)

2 W 1 W

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 35

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 36

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Implementing tools for SCP amp ecodesign in selected EE SMEs in Malaysia amp Thailand

Project coordination implementing partner MalaysiaSIRIM Sdn Bhd

Implementing partner ThailandThailand Environment Institute

SCP ecodesign EuP expertsFraunhofer IZM (Germany) Universitat Rovira I Virgili (Spain)

Project duration 122005 ndash 062008

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 37

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Consumption and Production

EU AsiaProEco II Project

Customizing of a set of SCP tools and practical implementation in target companies

Life Cycle Assessments (full scale assessments)

VHK EuP EcoReport (screening assessments)

Mass and energy balances

Compiling Material Declarations (products components)

Toxic Potential Indicator (focus on toxic substances)

Flow cost accounting (process perspective on costs)

Efficient implementation Choosing the appropriate approach depending on the company profile

7 Success Stories eg Bitwise Leonics Thai Energy Conservation as ldquoSCP light housesrdquo in Thailand

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 38

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

2005 EcoDesign Campaign EU Policy Framework

Energy Efficiency labeling and EuP Directive Technology Impacts

External Power Supplies Televisions Standby and Off-mode losses

SCP Ecodesign Implementation in Thailand amp Malaysia Conclusions

Outline

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 39

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

EuP For the first time a thorough balancing of life cycle impacts is the basis for setting legal requirements

Ecodesign of EuP means in most cases design for energy efficiency

Policy mix Minimum requirements (for market push) and efficiency labeling (transparency for market pull)

Minimum requirements will lead to technology bans (global impact)

Standardization and international harmonization are a crucial point for EuP (influence on standardization processes EU learns from California India is investigating adapted EuP approach)

Proactive company strategy is essential for global competition

Companies need customized assistance

Conclusions

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by

May 29 2008BangkokPage 40

Andreas Middendorf Nils F Nissen Karsten Schischke Lutz Stobbe

Dept Environmental Engineering

Joint International Congress and Exhibition

in conjunction with the 1st World ReUse Forum

A Co-Operation of the

Worldlsquos Leading Conferences

ProgramSun Sept 7th Opening 1st World ReUse Forum Get TogetherMon Sept 8th Opening Invited Plenary Sessions Evening ReceptionTue Sept 9th Sessions Podium Discussion Boat TourWed Sept 10th Sessions Panel Discussion Closing SessionThu Sept 11th Technical Tours to Specific Companies

Location Estrel (Europelsquos largest convention amp hotel

complex)

Chairman Herbert Reichl TU Berlin amp Fraunhofer IZM

Registration and further info httpegg2008izmfhgde

organized by

Merging Technology and Sustainable Development

September 8 ndash 10 2008 middot Berlin Germany

coordination by