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MASTERARBEIT/MASTER’ · PDF file MASTERARBEIT/MASTER’STHESIS Titel der Masterarbeit / Titleof the Master‘sThesis The CathedralofChristtheSaviorandRussia’s Self-perception verfasst

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  • MASTERARBEIT  /  MASTER’S  THESIS

    Titel  der  Masterarbeit  /  Title  of  the  Master‘s  Thesis

    The Cathedral  of  Christ  the  Savior  and  Russia’s   Self-perception

    verfasst von / submitted by

    Karolina Foletti, BA

    angestrebter akademischer Grad / in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of

    Master of Arts (MA)

    Wien, 2016 / Vienna 2016

    Studienkennzahl lt. Studienblatt / degree programme code as it appears on the student record sheet:

    A 066 687

    Studienrichtung lt. Studienblatt / degree programme as it appears on the student record sheet:

    Masterstudium  Osteuropäische  Geschichte

    Betreut von / Supervisor: a.o. Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Marija Wakounig, MAS

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    Table of Contents Table of Contents .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

    Acknowledgments ......................................................................................................................................................... 5

    Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................... 7

    1. Research Questions, Methodological Approach ............................................................................................. 7

    2. State of Research ................................................................................................................................................11

    3. Note on Transliteration, Dates, Footnotes and Text Structure ..................................................................14

    Chapter 1.......................................................................................................................................................................16

    Cathedral of Christ the Savior and Russian Identity in Tsarist Russia ...............................................................16

    1.1. Cathedral of Christ the Savior as a National Church ................................................................................17

    1.2. First Plan of the Cathedral .............................................................................................................................19

    1.3. Second Plan for the Cathedral.......................................................................................................................22

    1.3.1. Description ...............................................................................................................................................22

    1.3.2. National Style ...........................................................................................................................................24

    1.3.3. National Style and National Identity – Byzantine Heritage or Russian Sovereignty? ..................27

    1.3.4. Reception of Ton’s Cathedral and the Legacy of Russian-Byzantine Style in the Context of Russian “National Self-perception” ................................................................................................................33

    Concluding Remarks ..............................................................................................................................................36

    Chapter 2.......................................................................................................................................................................38

    Palace of the Soviets: Rupture and Continuity. ......................................................................................................38

    2.1. The Cathedral from its Consecration to the Revolution ..........................................................................38

    2.2. Destruction .......................................................................................................................................................39

    2.3. Search for a New Symbol of Soviet Identity ...............................................................................................40

    Concluding Remarks ..............................................................................................................................................44

    Chapter 3.......................................................................................................................................................................46

    Reconstructing the Cathedral. The Search for Post-Soviet Russian Identity. ...................................................46

    3.1. The Cathedral of Christ the Savior as a Symbol of New Russia .............................................................47

    3.1.1. Coming to Terms with Soviet Past and Proposals for New Russian Identity ...............................47

    3.1.2. El’cin’s Speech and its Analysis .............................................................................................................49

    3.2. Orthodoxy in the New Russian Identity, Cathedral as a Sign of Desecularization ..............................52

    3.3. Project of the Construction. Public Debate between its Opponents and Defenders. .........................57

    Concluding Remarks ..............................................................................................................................................62

    Chapter 4.......................................................................................................................................................................64

    The Cathedral as a Stage for Protest. Re-formulation of Russian Identity. .......................................................64

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    4.1. Description of the Incident ...........................................................................................................................65

    4.2. Orthodox Hierarchy and Russian Government .........................................................................................67

    4.3. Official Discourse............................................................................................................................................72

    4.4. Reaction of the Public ....................................................................................................................................76

    4.5. Participants’ Comments .................................................................................................................................78

    As a Conclusion: ..........................................................................................................................................................83

    Cathedral of Christ the Savior in the longue durée Approach .................................................................................83

    Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................................87

    General Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................87

    Sources ......................................................................................................................................................................94

    Sources Chapter 1 ..............................................................................................................................................94

    Sources Chapter 2 ..............................................................................................................................................95

    Sources Chapter 3 ..............................................................................................................................................96

    Sources Chapter 4 ..............................................................................................................................................99

    Abstract ...................................................................................................................................................................... 103

    Zusammenfassung .................................................................................................................................................... 105

    Annex ......................................................................................................................................................................... 106

    Tables ..................................................................................................................................................................... 106

    Texts ....................................................................................................................................................................... 109

    Illustrations ........................................................................................................................................................... 115

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    Acknowledgments

    First of all, I would like to thank a.o. Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Marija Wakounig, MAS for the direction of this Master’s thesis. I am grateful not only for precious comments but also for the understanding and ca