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MANUAL DRAFTING SETUP Introduction to Drafting and Design

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Manual Drafting Title Blocks

Manual Drafting SetupIntroduction to Drafting and Design

When creating a manual drawing, you need to set up the paper so that the drawing looks neat and complete. This presentation will show you how to set up a drawing as well as change aspects of the drawing to make it look more professional.1Paper setup

First we have to set up the paper that the drawing will be placed on. 2Paper SizesThe size of paper that you choose depends on the drawing that is to be placed on the paperDimensioning, detail, size of object

Size DesignationSize in inchesVerticalHorizontalA8.511B1117C1722D2234E3444F2840

There are several different sizes of paper that is used during manual drafting. The size of paper that you choose depends on the drawing that is to be placed on the paper. Aspects to look at include dimensioning on the drawing, detail of the drawing, and the size of the object. The following table includes the paper size and dimensions. 3Paper-Size Title BlocksSize A paperDoes not have the room to have a traditional title block

Sizes B - FThe title block is placed at the bottom of the page

Every drawing that you will ever do in this class as well as in the real world will require a title block. The title blocks that we will create in this class are the simple title blocks, but in todays industry the title blocks can be extensive. If we are drawing on a size A paper, we typically do not have room for the traditional title block so we have to make some changes and create an even simpler title block. If the drawing that you are creating is small and can fit within the constraints of the standard title block then you may use it instead of the simple title block.Paper sizes B-F are able to have the standard title block added to them. 4Size A Title blockFollow these steps:Sketch construction lines approximately from the edge of the paper on each side of the paperTrace over the construction lines to create the border linesAdd two title lines, one at the top of the page and the other at the bottom of the pageThese title lines are created by drawing two construction lines 1/8 apart

Size A title blocks are created with just a few simple construction lines.Sketch construction lines approximately from the edge of the paper on each side.Trace over the construction lines to create the border linesAdd two title lines, one at the top and the other at the bottom of the page.The title lines are created by drawing two construction lines 1/8 apart. 5Size A Title BlockInformation in the title blockSchool or Class nameTop left side of the paperDateTop right side of the paperDrawers nameBottom left side of the paperDrawing numberBottom right side of the paperWhen writing the number include the drawing number as well as the total number of drawings (i.e. Drawing 2 of 8)

Once you have the border and title lines drawn, you need to add the following information in these locationsSchool or Class name is to be located on the top left side of the paperThe Date is located at the top right side of the paperDrawers name is located at the bottom left side of the paperAnd finally the drawing number is located at the bottom right side of the paper.when writing the number of the drawing, you need to include not only that drawing number but the total number of drawings as well. i.e. Drawing 2 of 86Size A Title Block

Here is a completed Size A simple title block 7Other Title BlocksA more detailed title block can be used forSize A paper that will contain a small drawingAll other sheet sizesThese title blocks include the following informationName of the schoolSchool LocationTitle of DrawingYour nameScaleDateDrawing numberClass name

The title blocks that will be used for a few size A papers and all other sheets of paper are a little more detailed. Theses title blocks will include the following information:The name of your school, the school location, the title of the drawing, the drawers name, the scale, the date, the drawing number and the class name. 8Title Blocks To create more in-depth title blocks, follow these steps:Begin with the sheet layout by drawing a borderDraw another line above the bottom border line to create the title block Then split the box that was created into four sections that looks like thisThe exact measurements of the boxes will vary depending on the size of the paper that is used

To create this title block you will start by creating a border around the entire paper. Then draw another line that is above the bottom border linethis space is where we will create our title block.Then the box needs to be split into four sections. The box should look like the example below. The exact measurements are not given because they will differ depending on the size of paper that is used. 9Title BlocksOnce you have the box split, divide up even more.Divide by creating more horizontal lines at 1/16 and 1/8 increments.

1/161/161/81/8

Once the box is split into four sections, we then need to create the lines that we will write the information on.These lines are created by drawing four construction lines at 1/16 and 1/8 increments. Your construction lines should look like the picture below.10Title Block InformationAdd this information in the title blocks in this order

Name of SchoolSchool LocationTitle of DrawingName DateScale Class Name3 of 6Drawing Number

After you have the construction lines drawn, it is time to add the information. In the first box the name of your school is to be placed on the top 1/8 line and the school location is placed on the bottom 1/8 lineOn the middle line of the second box, place the title of your drawingIn the third box, your name and the date are placed on the top 1/8 line while the scale of the drawing and class name are placed on the bottom 1/8 lineAnd in the final box, the drawing number is placed on the middle line. 11Entity properties

Next we need to learn about the entity properties that you can change to make the drawing look neater12LayersIn the beginning of manual drafting, do not use layers.In advanced manual drafting, the layers are drawn on thin paper and overlaid with other drawings to create a completed drawing.

Layers are used to differentiate different parts of the drawing.In the beginning of manual drafting, you do not use layers.However, in the advanced manual drafting layers are drawn on thin paper and then overlaid to create a completed drawing. Layers are usually used in CAD systems due to their ease of readability. 13ColorCertain items can have color added to show emphasis or make objects stand out.In architectural drawings, plants can be colored green to show the distinction between the building and the natural items.Lines are drawn in different colors to make the drawing easier to read.Dimension lines are red.Hidden lines are green or black.Center lines are green.Construction lines are blue.Extension lines are red.All other lines are black.

Another way to make your drawing easier to read is by adding color. Certain items can have color added to them to show emphasis on certain objectsin architectural drawings, plats can be colored green to show the distinction between the building and the natural itemsLines are drawn in different colors to make the drawing easier to readDimension lines are redHidden lines are green or blackCenter lines are greenConstruction lines are blueExtension lines are redAll other lines are black. 14Line TypeFor the line types of each entity, refer to the Alphabet of Lines presentation.

You also need to change the line types of the drawings so that the drawing isnt just solid black lines. For the line types of each entity, refer back to the Alphabet of Lines presentation. 15In summaryIn this presentation, we learned:How to choose the correct paper size.How to create simple and traditional title blocks.How to change an entities properties, such as:LayerColorLine type

In this presentation we learnedHow to choose the correct paper sizeCreate simple and traditional title blocksChange an entities properties such asLayerColorLine type

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