Manifesto of the Communist Party . Karl Marx and Frederick Engels February 1848. Class struggle shapes history, as it always has - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Manifesto of the Communist Party Karl Marx and Frederick Engels February 1848
Bourgeois & Proletarians:class struggleClass struggle shapes history, as it always hasAlthough all previous historical periods featured social divisions between ruling and subordinate orders, the capitalist mode of production simplifies class divisions into "two hostile camps": a ruling class that owns the means of production (bourgeoisie) a subordinate class (proletariat) that lacks the means of production and the ability to sustain itself without selling its labor power to the ruling classSimplified class divisions sharpen class consciousnessBourgeois & Proletarians:economics and politicsAs the bourgeoisie advanced economically, it also advanced politically"The executive of the modern State is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie. (55)Government represents the interests of the ruling class, regardless of its claims to act in the general interestTo simplify: economic relations politics
secularization, globalization, urbanizationCapitalism promotes secularization and materialism:All previous social bonds to family, religion, nation, tradition, etc. are replaced by the cold cash nexus"Capitalism promotes globalization: "The need of a constantly expanding market for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the whole surface of the globe."Capitalism promotes urbanization:Forces people to leave rural areas and look for work as wage laborers in cities "The bourgeoisie has subjected the country to the rule of the towns."
CrisisDue to its inherent contradictions, capitalism is prone to periodic crises, each one more threatening to the system than the lastThere develops an "epidemic of over-production," a glut of commodities that no one buys
Over-production of oranges, Hapolis, BrazilBourgeois & Proletarians:proletarianizationWorkers who must sell their labor in the market become just another commodityAs the use of machines and the division of labor intensifies, work loses all individual character and charm for the workerHe becomes an appendage of the machineThe industrial factory comes to be organized more and more despotically, in an almost military fashionThe lower strata of the middle class sink gradually into the proletariat, due to relative lack of investment capital and de-skilling (deterioration of specialized skills)
Stencil graffiti expresses themes found in Marxs writings