Macro Educational Planning

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educational planning at the national and sub-national levels

Text of Macro Educational Planning

  • Macro Educational PlanningCED 217 reportPaula Bianca Z. Ferrer

  • Micro vs Macromicro :extremely small.

    Example: "the economy's performance at the micro level."

    macro: large-scale; overall.

    Example: "the analysis of social events at the macro level"

  • Educational planning at the national and sub-national levels

  • Recognizing the need for adequate and effective planning to pursue development efforts, the Philippine government has adopted the strategy of integrated planning and management.

    For this reason, planning mechanisms at the national and sub-national levels were established according to the Department of Education.

  • Planning Mechanisms

  • National levelOn the national level, the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) has been created as mandated by the Constitution to assume the central role of coordinating planning at the aggregate level and overall program implementation.

  • NEDANEDA is charged with the task of planning and overseeing government development programs. It also coordinates development policies and monitors project activities.

  • Provincial Development CouncilThis council is responsible for the development of the province, chaired by the Provincial Governor. Members include the Provincial Superintendent of schools and the heads of the other government agencies or sectors in the province.

  • Municipal Development Council At the municipal level, the Municipal Development Council has been organized. Chaired by the Municipal Mayor, this council is responsible for the development of the town. The members are the District Supervisor, the MLGCD Municipal Development Officers and the local heads of the other sectors.

  • The Educational planning process at the national and sub-national levels

  • Each sector is responsible in the preparation of plans to be integrated into the national/ regional/provincial/city and/or municipal development plans, depending on the location and/or level.

  • The education plan, like those of other sectors, constitutes only one component in these development plans, so that the education sector continuously coordinates horizontally and vertically with the other sectors.

  • Horizontal coordination and linkages mean that the educational system works with other agencies/sectors in the region/provinces, etc. to formulate the plans.

  • On the other hand, vertical coordination and linkages mean that all the principals/school heads prepare and submit their plans to the school division; division to regional office to the Planning Service, DepEd. Subsequently, the DepEds plan becomes a part of the National Development Plan.

  • In preparing the educational plans, the DepEd Planning Service coordinates with all DepEds offices, bureau, agencies, units and centers, and down to the regional, division, district and institutional offices. The plans, programs and projects prepared by these offices are submitted to the Planning Service for analysis and integration in the National Plan of the DepEd.

  • The final draft of the DepEd plan is submitted to the Education Secretary for approval. Then the Plan is submitted to the NEDA and to the Budget Commission for approval and integration to the overall National Development Plan.

  • On the regional level, the counterpart of the Planning Service Office is the Planning Unit, headed by the Assistant Regional Director, Planning units have been organized on the regional level in view of the present emphasis on countryside development with its increasing demands in the planning operation of the region.

  • Purpose of educational planning on a national and sub-national level

  • Effective and adequate educational planning will enable policymakers and other agencies concerned to:

    Identify emerging problems sooner and better;Propose several options to consider;Evaluate thefeasibility, pros, and cons of all alternatives.

  • Challenges to Planning in the National and Sub-national levels

  • Lack of efficient communication and coordination between concerned agencies; Insufficient job opportunities for graduates leading to unemployment and underemployment; also 'labor mismatchRising costs vs incomeDemand in excess of capacityetc..

  • Planning as a Step-by-Step Process Assessment of Needs and Problems National Philosophy or Aspirations Goals and Objectives Policies Programming Sectoral or Regional Planning and Programming Project Planning and Implementation Results and Evaluation

  • Issues as basis for defining planning strategyElementary education EfficiencyManagementRegional disparitiesQualityFinance

  • Issues as basis for defining planning strategySecondary education Role of the private sectorQuality ImprovementQuantitative expansionRegional disparitiesEfficiencyFinance

  • Issues as basis for defining planning strategyTechnical and vocational education Coordination, planning and managementResponsiveness to change/manpower matchQuantitative outputQualityRole of the private sectorFinance

  • Issues as basis for defining planning strategyHigher education RationalizationManagementRelationship to manpower needsQualityFinance

  • Issues as basis for defining planning strategyNon-formal education CoordinationQualityFinance

  • ~Fin~Thanks for Listening!