Mª Carmen Pérez1 INTEGRATED UNIT – 3º ESO - 2nd TERM ORIENTEERING RACE What do you know about orienteering? Is it a sport? What do you need to practise.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez1 INTEGRATED UNIT 3 ESO - 2nd TERM ORIENTEERING RACE What do you know about orienteering? Is it a sport? What do you need to practise it? The answers to your questions are below. Enjoy! </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez2 DEFINITION Orienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in unfamiliar places, and normally moving at speed. Participants are given a topographical map, which they use to find control points. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez3 HISTORY The history of orienteering begins in the late 19th century in Sweden.The actual term was first used in 1886 and meant the crossing of unknown land with the aid of a map and a compass. It grew from military training in land navigation into a competitive sport for military officers, then for civilians. The name is derived from a word root meaning to find the direction or location. The first orienteering competition open to the public was held in Norway in 1897. From the beginning, locations selected for orienteering have been chosen in part for their beauty, natural or man-made. With the invention of inexpensive and reliable compasses, the sport gained popularity during the 1930s. In 1961, orienteering organizations representing 10 European nations founded the International Orienteering Federation (IOF). </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez4 BASICS The competition, or race, is intended to test 'the navigational skill, concentration, and running ability of the competitors'. High levels of fitness and running speed are required to compete successfully at an international level. To ensure fairness between competitors, the map is not usually provided until the start, and competitors start at not less than one-minute intervals. The objective is to follow the fastest route between controls. The fastest is not always the shortest route, and can depend on route choice. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez5 AN ORIENTEERING MAP Orienteering competitions use specially prepared orienteering maps. They are topographic maps although more detailed. The ISOM map scales are 1:15,000 or 1:10,000, with grids aligned to magnetic north. Map symbols are standardized by the IOF. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez6 COURSES Control points are shown on an orienteering map Orienteering events offer different courses, of varying physical and technical difficulty, to meet the needs of competitors. The orienteering course is marked in purple or red on a map. A triangle is used to indicate the start and a double circle indicates the finish. Circles are used to show the control points. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez7 CONTROLS AND CONTROL DESCRIPTION SHEET Control points are placed on the map. They can be clearly identified on the ground with white and orange "flags". Competitors receive a "control description sheet" or "clue sheet" which gives a precise description of the feature and the location of the kite, e.g., boulder, 5m, north side. For experienced orienteers the descriptions use symbols. Each competitor is required to carry an electronic or paper control card, and to present it at the Start and hand it in at the Finish. The control card is marked at each control point to show that the competitor has completed the course correctly. The winner is normally the competitor with the fastest time. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez8 </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> 9 PERSONAL EQUIPMENT The basic equipment required for orienteering is usually listed as a compass and appropriate outdoor clothing. Most national bodies recommend to carry a whistle for safety. Thumb compass and protractor compass </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez10 ACTIVITIES Reading comprehension. Find the answers to these questions in the text: 1- When and where did orienteering begin? 2- What kind of people practised it at the beginning? 3- Which locations are usually used? 4- What is the IOF? 5- What do they do to ensure the races are fair for the competitors? 6- What are the scales of maps used? 7- What are control points? How are they identified? 8- What is the use of a control description sheet? 9- What is your basic personal equipment? 10- Who wins? </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> M Carmen Prez11 2- Write down the specific words related to orienteering in this text: WORDMEANING </li> </ul>

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