Latin American Revolutions Review Questions. What is Latin America?. Latin America is a geographic and cultural region located in parts of North and South America where the Romance languages are spoken. (Those derived from Latin – primarily Spanish, Portuguese, and French.). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Latin American RevolutionsReview Questions1What is Latin America?2
Latin America is a geographic and cultural region located in parts of North and South America where the Romance languages are spoken. (Those derived from Latin primarily Spanish, Portuguese, and French.)
3Which two countries colonized the majority of Latin America?4
Spain and Portugal colonized the majority of Latin America.5
7Describe the social structure of the Latin American colonies.8Society in Latin AmericaPeninsulares =Spanish born in Spain
Creoles= Spanish born in Latin America
Africans=Most were enslaved
9What were the causes of Latin American Revolutions?10Causes of Latin American RevolutionsThe influence of the American and French RevolutionsInequality in Latin AmericaEnlightenment Ideas (Freedom and Equality)Napoleons invasion of Spain and Portugal11Describe the first successful revolution in Latin America.12Haitian Revolution 1801-1804French colony used for producing sugarLocated on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean SeaPopulation - 500,000 enslaved Africans1791 Priest Boukman called for revoltToussaint Louverture important generalJean Jacques Dessalines declares independence in 1804Haiti is the first Black colony to free itself from European control13
15Who were two important people that led revolutions in the Spanish American colonies?16Simon Bolivar
17Jose de San Martin
18Who were some important leaders in the Mexican fight for independence?19Padre Miguel Hidalgo called for a revolt on Sept.16, 1810. (Now celebrated as Mexicos Independence Day)
20Jose Maria Morelos (also a priest) takes the lead after Hidalgo is killed.
21Agustin Iturbide, a creole, takes the lead when a liberal government in Spain threatens to end creole privileges in the Spanish colonies.
22How was Mexicos fight for inedendence different from the other revolutions in Latin America?23Mexicos revolution was led by mestizos and Indians instead of the creoles.
24How was Brazils revolution different from the other countries in Latin America?25Brazil revolution was bloodless. Brazilians signed a petition to have Dom Pedro, (King Johns son) become their king/emperor.
26What were some of the results of the Latin American Revolutions?27Results of IndependenceIncreased povertyTrade and cities disrupted by warfareSome countries break up into smaller countries (Gran Colombia breaks up and becomes Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador; United Provinces of Central America also breaks up into El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras.)