Last supper Western culture final. Group members Leader : 91110876 (Anne) Members: 86110931 (Willie) 87110076 (Judy) 87210351 89110159 92110146 93120046

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Last supper Western culture final Slide 2 Group members Leader : 91110876 (Anne) Members: 86110931 (Willie) 87110076 (Judy) 87210351 89110159 92110146 93120046 Slide 3 Job distribution Printing finder: The biblical story:, Edit the story:, PowerPoint marker: Slide 4 Last supper BASSANO, Jacopo Slide 5 BASSANO, Jacopo Last supper Jacopo Bassano's Last Supper is one of the masterpieces of 16th-century Italian painting. Instead of the elegant grouping of figures in Leonardo's painting, which inspired it, this dramatic scene features barefoot fishermen at the crucial moment when Christ asks who will betray him, and the light passing through a glass of wine stains the clean tablecloth red. Recent restoration has only now revealed the extraordinary original colours, which had been heavily painted over in the 19th century, when the emerald green and iridescent pinks and oranges were not in fashion. Slide 6 Last supper Slide 7 Tintoretto (real name Jacopo Robusti; 1518 - May 31, 1594) was an Italian painter from Venice. A student of Titian, he is said to have excelled his teacher in his master of color and shadow, and to have been influenced by Michelangelo in his drawing skills. He had a passion for special lighting effects, making wax figures of his subjects and experimenting by placing them before differently angled spotlights before painting them. As a result, certain figures reappear in different works, though they are depicted in different angles and with different lighting.1518May 311594ItalianVeniceTitianMichelangelo Tintoretto's most famous works are a series of paintings of scenes from the life of Jesus and the Virgin Mary in the Scuola di San Rocco.JesusVirgin Mary A comparison of Tintoretto's The Last Supper with Leonardo da Vinci's work of the same name provides an instructive demonstration of how artistic styles evolved over the course of the Renaissance. Leonardo's is all classical repose. The disciples radiate away from Christ in almost-mathematical symmetry. In the hands of Tintoretto, the same event becomes dramatically distorted. The human figures are overwhelmed by the eruption of beings from the spirit world.Leonardo da Vinciwork of the same nameRenaissance Slide 8 1480 Slide 9 Ghirlandaio (also spelled Ghirlandaio, original name Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi) was an early Renaissance painter of the Florentine school noted for his detailed narrative frescoes, which include many portraits of leading citizens in contemporary dress. Domenico was the son of a goldsmith, and his nickname "Ghirlandaio" was derived from his father's skill in making garlands. Domenico probably began as an apprentice in his father's shop, but almost nothing is known about his training as a painter or the beginnings of his career. The earliest works attributed to him, dating from the early 1470s, show strong influence from the frescoes of Andrea del Castagno, who died when Ghirlandaio was about eight years old. Giorgio Vasari, the biographer of Renaissance artists, recorded in his Lives (1550) that Ghirlandaio was a pupil of the Florentine painter Alesso Baldovinetti, but Baldovinetti was only four or five years older than Ghirlandaio himself. He worked in fresco on large wall surfaces in preference to smaller scale paintings executed on wood panels, although he used them for the altarpieces that were the centrepieces of the fresco cycles in his major undertakings. He never experimented with oil painting, although most Florentine painters of his generation began to use it exclusively in the last quarter of the 15th century.Andrea del Castagno,Vasari,Baldovinetti, Slide 10 Last supper. Slide 11 . Last supper He was born in Italy in 1452. Because he born with a rich family and good at print, so his father required him to learn the print technique with professor. After his teacher s train, he foster some skills which are how to observe same things with different point of view and variety streams of light. In his this work, last supper, he use realistic print way to extol truth and justness. And against the traitor s sinister force and behaviors. Slide 12 Last supper Slide 13 Last supper--- Slide 14 Last supper He was born in Spain. He was a greater surrealism in 20century and an impressionism and abstractionism initiator. In his works, he use fantastic and unusually method to describe a common thing with out of shape or deformed. Slide 15 The biblical story related to last supper (1) Last Supper, the last meal Christ took with his 12 disciples, is described in all four Gospels. Knowing his hour had come and that he must leave this world, Jesus ordered the Passover supper be organized in the house of a certain man. (Passover is the Jewish festival celebrating Exodus from the Egyptian imprisonment). Before the supper Christ rose from the table, took off his outer garment and, taking a towel, tied it round him. Then he poured water into a basin, and began to wash his disciples feet and to wipe them with a towel. When he came to Simon Peter, Peter protested that the Lord must not wash the feet of his disciples and that he will never let Jesus wash his feet. Jesus replied, 'You do not understand now what I am doing, but one day you will.' 'If I do not wash you you have no part with me.' Slide 16 The biblical story related to last supper (2) After washing their feet Jesus put on his garment and sat down again. During the supper Jesus said that one of his disciples would betray him, but it would be better for that man if he had never been born. Then Judas spoke, the one who was to betray him: Rabbi, surely you do not mean me? Jesus replied, You have said it. During supper Jesus took bread, broke it, and gave to his disciples with the words: Take this and eat; this is my body. Then he took a cup with wine and offered it to the disciples: 'Drink from it, all of you. For this is my blood, the blood of the covenant, shed for many for the forgiveness of sins. Slide 17 The biblical story related to last supper (3) I tell you, never again shall I drink from this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in the kingdom of my Father. After singing the Passover hymn, they went out to the mount of Olives. Slide 18 reflection --- (1) The cross of Christ is the crisis of history and the judgment of every individual life. It not only occurred in time nineteen hundred years ago outside the city of Jerusalem, but it is something which also takes place daily in every Christian's experience. This is why we speak of the cross as a timeless event. The cross of Jesus Christ has been affecting human history long before it occurred in time, even back into the dim reaches of the past in the early dawn of history, or, after the cross, through running centuries from our Lord's day unto our own, because it is a timeless event. It also must take place daily in every Christian's experience, perhaps many times a day. The meal shared by Jesus Christ and his disciples on the night before he was crucified is called the Last Supper. It was the occasion of his institution Slide 19 reflection --- (2) of the Eucharist, when he identified the broken bread with his body and the cup of wine with his blood of the new Covenant. The ritual was that of a Jewish religious meal, which was given new meaning for Jesus' followers when they performed it in remembrance of him. Christians differ as to the meaning of the words of Jesus, the exact relationship of the bread and wine to his body and blood, and the frequency with which the rite is to be repeated. The Last Supper was also the occasion on which Jesus washed his disciples' feet and commanded them to wash one another's feet. It has been the subject of art from earliest times. From the Spiritual of the last supper: I believed that there is a real reception of the body and blood of Christ in the supper, only in a spiritual manner. The sacrament is a real means of grace, a channel Slide 20 reflection --- (3) As the last supper appear, the meaning of position closest to the thinking of contemporary theologians within both Roman Catholic and Lutheran traditions. It is a position which the Lord s Supper as a rite instituted by Jesus Christ in which bread is broken and the fruit of the vine is poured out in thankful remembrance of Christ s atoning sacrifice, having become, through their reception and the sacramental blessing given by which Christ communicates himself to us. Moreover, Jesus included in the Last Supper the ritual not only as a sacrificial meal but also of a covenant meal. The covenant between God and Israel at Sinai was likewise followed by a meal in which the people "ate and drank and saw God." The new covenant between the Lord and his people was thus ratified by Jesus in a meal. Slide 21 reflection --- (4) the Holy Spirit, the communion of the body and the blood of Christ and an anticipation of full future salvation. That s why Christ s spirit influence the whole world of religion. Below is what a Prayer s pray, I truly adore the whole paragraph: Our Father, thank you for these times of self- humiliation, when we do not see ourselves as the cause of all our problems, and we stop blaming others and stop blaming our circumstances, and come to grips with this thing and put it in the place of death where you put it, and recognize that it has no right to live any longer, for when it was brought out in the light, in the cross of Jesus Christ, you Slide 22 reflection --- (5) condemned it, sentenced it, executed it, and put it to death in him. Lord, grant us faith to believe, and willingness to act upon your sentence of death and treat these things as an enemy, a Judas, a traitor within, which with a kiss would betray us. To do as you have bade us in this story -- to hang it on the cross, on that tree. In Jesus' name, Amen. Slide 23 reflection --- (1) After reading the Bible, I don t understand why God want to create the human being. After created the hum