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Kuwait - Encyclopedia Britannica · PDF file National economy Budget (2012–13). Revenue: KD 32,008,543,000 (oil revenue 93.6%, assorted taxes 1.1%). Expenditures: KD 19,307,-557,000

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  • In June 2016 Kuwait filed a $1 billion lawsuit in a Swisscourt against the International Olympic Committee(IOC) after the IOC suspended the Kuwaiti Olympic committee in October 2015 over recently passed legisla- tion that allowed the government to interfere in Kuwaiti sports federations. The IOC’s ruling effectively banned Kuwaiti athletes from competing in the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games under the Kuwaiti flag. Instead, the Kuwaiti team competed as independent athletes. Two Kuwaiti athletes, Fehaid Al-Deehani and Abdullah Al-Rashidi, won a gold and a bronze medal, respectively, in shooting events.

    Demography Population (2016): 4,331,000. Density (2016): persons per sq mi 629.9, persons per sq km 243.2.

    Sex distribution (2015): male 59.71%; female 40.29%.

    Population projection: (2020) 4,666,000; (2030) 5,390,000.

    Major cities (20152): Hawalli 911,274; Al-Farwaniyah 816,015; Al-Fintas 417,137; Janub al- Kuwayt 407,123; Kuwait (city) 59,590 (urban agglomeration [2014] 2,680,000).

    Urban-rural (2014):

    Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (2014): 16.3 (world avg. 19.5).

    Death rate per 1,000 population (2014): 1.6 (world avg. 8.1).

    Natural increase rate per 1,000 popu- lation (2014): 14.7 (world avg. 11.4).

    Life expectancy at birth (2015): male 76.5 years; female 79.2 years.

    Age breakdown (2015):

    Ethnic composition (2013): Religious affiliation (2013)6:

    Kuwait

    Official name: Dawlat al-Kuwayt (State of Kuwait).

    Form of government: constitutional monarchy with one legislative house (National Assembly [501]).

    Head of state and government: Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah, assisted by Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah.

    Capital: Kuwait (city). Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Islam. Monetary unit: Kuwaiti dinar (KD); valuation (Sept. 1, 2016) 1 KD = U.S.$3.31 = £2.49.

    Area and population area population 20162

    Governorates Capitals sq mi sq km estimate

    Al-Ahmadi Al-Ahmadi 1,977 5,120 909,812 Al-!AÆimah Kuwait (city)

    (Al-Kuwayt) 77 200 552,237 Al-Farwaniyah Al-Farwaniyah 73 190 1,155,856 Al-Jahra) Al-Jahra) 4,336 11,230 531,498 Hawalli Hawalli 31 80 928,783 Mubarak al-Kabir … 39 100 246,877

    Islands3 — 347 900 … TOTAL 6,880 17,8184 4,330,3085

    © 2017 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

    World DataE N C Y C L O P Æ D I ABritannica

  • National economy Budget (2012–13). Revenue: KD 32,008,543,000 (oil revenue 93.6%, assorted taxes 1.1%). Expenditures: KD 19,307,- 557,000 (public utilities 20.3%, social security and welfare 18.9%, general public administration 17.4%, education 12.7%, defense 8.8%, health 6.5%).

    Public debt (external, outstanding; 2010): U.S.$7,092,- 000,000.

    Gross national income (GNI; 2015): U.S.$159,296,000,000 (U.S.$40,930 per capita); pur- chasing power parity GNI (U.S.$79,970 per capita).

    Average Kuwaiti household size (2004): 4.8. Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (2013): tomatoes 74,449, cucumbers and gherkins 55,913, potatoes 46,800, dates 36,978, cauliflowers and broccoli 26,882, eggplants 26,083, dry onions 21,847, chilies and peppers 18,284, lettuce and chicory 14,072, okra 5,614; livestock (number of live animals; 2014) 628,041 sheep, 153,391 goats, 9,192 camels; roundwood (2014) 19,250 cu m, of which fuelwood 100%; fisheries production (2014) 4,897 (from aquaculture 6%). Mining and quarrying (2014): sulfur 800,000; lime 50,000. Manufacturing (value added in U.S.$’000,000; 2012): crude and refined petroleum 5,025; chemicals and chemical products 2,542; food and food products 509; cement, bricks, and ceramics 463; fabricated metal products 230; textiles and wearing apparel 228. Energy produc- tion (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 2012) 61,119,000,000 ([2011] 57,457,000,000), by source: fossil fuels 100%; coal, none (none); crude petroleum (barrels; 2014) 1,048,000,000 ([2011] 324,000,000); petrole- um products (metric tons; 2012) 48,820,000 ([2011] 12,784,000); natur- al gas (cu m; 2013) 15,500,000,000 ([2012] 18,180,000,000).

    Population economically active (2011): total 2,227,400, of which Kuwaiti 17.5%, non-Kuwaiti 82.5%; participation rates: ages 15–64, male 87.9%; female 62.1%; unemployed (2014) 2.1%, of which youth (ages 15–24; 2011) 14.6%.

    Land use as % of total land area (2011): in temporary crops or left fallow 0.6%, in permanent crops 0.3%, in pasture 7.6%, forest area 0.4%.

    Foreign trade10 Imports (2013): KD 8,312,900,000 (machinery and

    apparatus 21.7%, road vehicles 17.3%, food and food products 14.5%, chemicals and chemical products 8.7%, base metals 5.3%). Major import sources:

    Exports (2013): KD 32,359,700,000 (crude and refined petroleum 94.3%, chemicals and chemical products 1.8%, plastic products 1.4%). Major export destinations11:

    Transport and communications Transport. Railroads: none. Roads (2012): total length 4,461 mi, 7,180 km (paved

    100%). Vehicles (201412): passen- ger cars 1,411,372; trucks and buses 277,607.

    Education and health Literacy (2015): percentage of total population age 15 and over literate 96.3%; males literate 96.5%; females literate 95.8%.

    Health (2012): physicians 8,259 (1 per 396 per- sons); hospital beds 8,375 (1 per 455 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (2015) 7.3; undernourished population (2005–07) 100,000 (5% of total population based on the consumption of a minimum daily requirement of 1,950 calories).

    Military Total active duty personnel (November 2015): 15,500 (army 71.0%, navy/coast guard 12.9%, air force 16.1%); U.S. troops 13,000; Canadian troops 530. Military expenditure as percentage of GDP (2014): 2.7%; per capita expenditure U.S.$1,198.

    1Excludes 15 cabinet ministers not elected to the National Assembly serving ex officio. 2June 30. 3Includes Bubiyan Island (333 sq mi [863 sq km]) and Warbah Island (14 sq mi [37 sq km]). 4Detail does not add to total given because of rounding. 5Includes 5,245 inhabitants with unknown residence. 6Includes noncitizens. 7Manufacturing includes oil products. 8Indirect taxes less imputed bank and insurance service charges. 9Unclassified. 10Imports c.i.f.; exports f.o.b. 11Excluding petroleum exports. 12January 1. 13Subscribers.

    Internet resources for further information: • Central Statistical Bureau www.csb.gov.kw • Central Bank of Kuwait www.cbk.gov.kw

    Structure of gross domestic product and labour force 2013 2011

    in value % of total labour % of labour KD ’000,000 value force force

    Agriculture, forestry, fishing 175.3 0.4 41,800 1.9 Mining and quarrying 31,384.7 63.0 7,100 0.3Oil and natural gas Manufacturing 3,374.47 6.87 121,600 5.5 Construction 860.4 1.7 186,800 8.4 Public utilities 900.4 1.8 15,100 0.7 Transp. and commun. 2,613.0 5.2 69,100 3.1 Trade, hotels 1,975.3 4.0 345,700 15.5 Finance, real estate 6,494.8 13.0 114,900 5.2 Pub. admin., defense 8,394.1 16.8 1,034,600 46.4Services Other –6,309.98 –12.78 290,7009 13.09 TOTAL 49,862.64 100.0 2,227,400 100.0

    Communications units units number per 1,000 number per 1,000

    Medium date in ’000s persons Medium date in ’000s persons

    Telephones Cellular 2015 8,30513 2,31813 Landline 2015 480 134

    Internet users 2009 1,100 369 Broadband 2015 4913 1413

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