Ket Vocabulary List

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  • VOCABULARY LIST

    Key English Test (KET) Key English Test for Schools (KETfS)

    KET Vocabulary List UCLES 2012

  • UCLES 2012 Page 2 of 29 KET Vocabulary List

    Introduction to the KET Vocabulary List The KET Vocabulary List gives teachers a guide to the vocabulary needed when preparing students for the KET and KET for Schools examinations.

    Background to the list

    The KET Vocabulary List was originally developed by Cambridge ESOL in consultation with external consultants to guide item writers who produce materials for the KET examination. It drew on vocabulary from the Council of Europes Waystage (1990) specification and other vocabulary which corpus evidence shows is high frequency.

    The list covers vocabulary appropriate to the A2 level on the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) and includes receptive vocabulary (words that the candidate is expected to understand but which is not the focus of a question) and productive vocabulary (words that the candidate needs to know in order to answer a question).

    The list does not provide an exhaustive list of all words which appear on the KET and KET for Schools question papers and candidates should not confine their study of vocabulary to the list alone.

    How the list is updated

    The vocabulary of English changes over time, with words being added and other words falling into disuse. In order to maintain its currency, the KET Vocabulary List is updated on an annual basis, with the decision to add or remove words being informed by reference to the Cambridge Learner Corpus and English Vocabulary Profile.

    The Cambridge Learner Corpus is a collection of over 44 million words of English, based upon evidence of language use by learners from all over the world and from which the English Vocabulary Profile has developed. The English Vocabulary Profile shows the most common words and phrases that learners of English need to know in British or American English. The meaning of each word or phrase in the wordlists has been assigned a level between A1 and B2 on the CEFR.

    A preview version of the English Vocabulary Profile can be accessed by visiting the website: http://www.englishprofile.org

    Organisation of the list

    Word sets Some categories of words that a learner at this level might be expected to know, e.g. days of the week, are not included in the alphabetical list but are listed in Appendix 1. Although grammar words (pronouns, modal verbs, etc.) are included, the Language Specifications section of the KET and KET for Schools Handbooks (available from www.cambridgeesol.org) should be consulted for a more complete listing.

    Exemplification

    Example phrases and sentences showing how words might be used are given only where words with different meanings need to be constrained. For example, bank is followed by I changed my money in a bank this shows that bank is limited to the idea of a financial institution: candidates are not expected to know other meanings, such as a river bank.

  • UCLES 2012 Page 3 of 29 KET Vocabulary List

    Multi-word verbs All multi-word (or phrasal) verbs that a KET or KET for Schools candidate might be expected to know are included in the list. These verbs include literal verbs (i.e. where the meaning is transparent), e.g. sit down, go out and non-literal verbs, e.g. look after, get up.

    Topic lists

    In Appendix 2, words have been grouped together under common KET and/or KET for Schools themes, such as Food and Drink, House and Home and Sport.

    Unsuitable topics

    Cambridge ESOL examinations must not contain anything that might offend or upset candidates, potentially affect their performance or distract them during the examination. A number of sensitive topics are considered unsuitable for use in KET and KET for Schools, for example war and politics, and vocabulary relating to these is not included in the KET Vocabulary List.

    Personal vocabulary

    The content of the KET Vocabulary List is general in nature and is unlikely to cover completely the productive vocabulary that may be required by candidates. Candidates should know the specific lexis they will need to describe themselves and their lives, for example hobbies, likes and dislikes.

    Abbreviations

    Abbreviations used in the KET Vocabulary List are:

    abbrev abbreviation or acronym mv modal verb adj adjective n noun adv adverb phr v phrasal verb av auxiliary verb pl plural Am Eng American English prep preposition Br Eng British English prep phr prepositional phrase conj conjunction pron pronoun det determiner sing singular exclam exclamation v verb

    Summary of points to be noted

    The list does not include every word that may appear on a KET or KET for Schools paper.

    The list covers receptive and productive vocabulary. The list is updated every year.

  • UCLES 2012 Page 4 of 29 KET Vocabulary List

    Contents

    A .................................................................................................................................. 5 B .................................................................................................................................. 6 C .................................................................................................................................. 7 D .................................................................................................................................. 9 E ................................................................................................................................ 10 F ................................................................................................................................ 11 G ............................................................................................................................... 12 H ................................................................................................................................ 11 I ................................................................................................................................. 12 J ................................................................................................................................ 12 K ................................................................................................................................ 12 L ................................................................................................................................ 13 M ............................................................................................................................... 14 N ................................................................................................................................ 15 O ................................................................................................................................ 15 P ................................................................................................................................ 16 Q ............................................................................................................................... 17 R ................................................................................................................................ 17 S ................................................................................................................................ 18 T ................................................................................................................................ 20 U ................................................................................................................................ 21 V ................................................................................................................................ 21 W ............................................................................................................................... 21 Y ................................................................................................................................ 21 Z ................................................................................................................................ 21 Appendix 1................................................................................................................. 21 Cardinal numbers ...................................................................................................... 21 Ordinal numbers ........................................................................................................ 21 Days of the week ....................................................................................................... 21 Months of the year ..................................................................................................... 21 Seasons of the year ................................................................................................... 21 Countries, languages and nationalities ...................................................................... 21 Continents ................................................................................................................. 21 Health, Medicine and Exercise .................................................................................. 25

  • UCLES 2012 Page 5 of 29 KET Vocabulary List

    A

    a/an (det)

    able (adj)

    be able to

    about (adv & prep)

    What about a cold drink?

    I have about 3. (adv)

    a book about animals (prep)

    above (adv & prep)

    accident (n)

    across (adv & prep)

    The banks across the road.

    He walked across the bridge.

    act (n & v)

    activity (n)

    actor (