Text of Jigsaw Review. Thomas Hobbes Political Philosopher Political Philosopher Most famous for...
Thomas HobbesPolitical PhilosopherMost famous for The Leviathan (1651)civil peace and social unity are best achieved by the establishment of a commonwealth through social contractRuled by an ideal commonwealththe figure-headThe people make up the body, while the commonwealth makes up the head
Thomas Hobbes Cont.Depicts the natural condition of mankind (Nature) as inherently violent and awash with fear.The idea of every man for himself in which people set out to destroy others.Hobbes says that this is so scary that people naturally seek out peace The way peace is achieved is through social contract (laws)Nature vs. NurtureNature: the belief that all or most behaviors and characteristics are the result of inheritance(Cherry) Nurture: the mind is a blank slate and all of our knowledge is determined by our experiences (Cherry).Nature vs. Nurture ExampleFor example, when a person achieves tremendous academic success, did they do so because they are genetically predisposed to be successful or is it a result of an enriched environment? If a man abuses his wife and kids, is it because he was born with violent tendencies or is it something he learned by observing his own parents behavior?World War IIWorld War IIInvolving more than 30 countriesResulting in more than 50 million military and civilian deathsSparked by Adolf Hitlers invasion of Poland in 1939Hitler attempted to eradicate an entire peopleDevastated the landscape of Europe