Istorija: Simca 1100

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The Simca 1100 is an automobile built from 1967 to 1982 by Chrysler Europe's division Simca. It was replaced by the (Simca) Talbot Horizon.

The 1100 was the result of "Project 928", started in 1962, finalized by engineers Philippe Grundeler and Charles Scales. The design was a result of Simca's market research in the early 1960s, which showed the increasing popularity of front wheel drive cars that provided better space utilization and comfort to small cars. In Spring 1962, Simca targeted a 1966-67 launch of a new range of front wheel drive cars with sedans, wagons, and light commercial vehicles to be included, all fitting into France's 6CV tax class - between the Simca Mille and Simca 1300. Both transverse and front/back engines were tested, and in 1963, the transverse-engine design was approved. The Simca 1100 was one of the first designs outside Fiat to feature a transverse engine with an end-on gearbox and unequal length driveshafts (now near-universal amongst small cars), a possible result of Fiat influence as a major shareholder.

In 1963, Chrysler took a controlling interest in Simca, approving the project in 1964, with a production target of summer 1967. The short timetable included developing a new transmission, and using a larger version of the rear engined rear wheel drive Simca Mille (Simca 1000) engine, displacing 1118 cc (the Mille used a 1.0 liter engine, the 1500 a 1.5 liter engine).

When first shown on Sardinia and the Paris Auto Show in 1967, the 1100 was advanced in design, featuring a hatchback with folding rear seats, disc brakes, rack and pinion steering, an independent front (double wishbone) and rear (trailing arm) suspension using Chrysler-style torsion bars (though Chrysler itself only used them up front), and a full range of controls. Numerous permutations were available, with a manual, automatic, and semi-automatic transmission. The engine was slanted to allow for a lower hood; and the engine, gearbox, and suspension were carried on a subframe to allow the unibody to be relatively unstressed. In American fashion, the body was welded to the frame, not bolted. The 1100 was reportedly studied closely by Volkswagen when the latter company was designing its Volkswagen Golf, after making rear-engined, rear-wheel-drive vehicles.

The 1100 was (along with the pricier Renault 16 & Austin Maxi), one of the first hatchback designs, with a folding rear seat, and in three and five-door variations. Different equipment levels were defined by LS, GL, GLS and "Special" tags. Three and five door station wagons were also included in the range.[1]

Simca 1100 Hatchback

The car was fitted with Simca Type 315 petrol OHV engines with 944, 1118, and 1294cc variants, depending on year and market. A "stroked" 1118 cc engine displacing 1.2 litres was introduced in 1971 to the UK market as the Simca 1204. It was also sold in the USA in limited quantities.

The 1100 had a four speed manual gearbox and room for five people. There was also a three-speed semi-automatic gearbox that required manual shifting but used an electronically activated clutch. The 1100s transmission configuration was revolutionary in that it was transverse and axial with the engine giving the "engine on one side, transmission on the other" layout copied on almost all hot hatches and front wheel drive vehicles throughout the world ever since. In France, the 1100 was very successful, achieving best-seller status, but it was less competitive in non-European export markets. In the UK, while recognised as an innovative and capable car, its poor record of body corrosion and top end engine wear counted against it. The engine needed frequent valve clearance adjustment.[citation needed]Three LCV versions with van, pick-up truck and High Top Van bodystyles where called Simca VF2, and were sold from 1973 to 1985, three years after the 1100 had been removed from the market. In the United Kingdom, these models assumed the Dodge nameplate after 1976 and Talbot in 1979. In 1974, the sporty TI appeared with the 1294 engine (82PS), at the time when the car also saw a cosmetic redesign. Based on the 1100 chassis, the Matra engineering firm created a crossover derivation engineered named Matra Rancho.

In 1968, production was already strong with 138,242 vehicles made; it reached its peak in 1973, with nearly 300,000 Simca 1100s rolling off the assembly line. However, production fell rapidly through 1977, when over 142,000 1100s were made; the following year just half that number (72,695) were made, and numbers dwindled to below 20,000 in 1981, though production continued through to 1985.

The Simca 1100 was produced in different places; in Sweden, local production was handled by Phillipsons, on the same assembly lines that made Mercedes-Benz cars, and also in Madrid (Spain) at the former Barreiros Diesel factory. Curiously, Spanish-built 1100's were marketed as Simca 1200 and the TI version had an 85PS (63kW; 84hp) 1442 cc engine.

A total of 2.2 million cars were produced. The replacement for the 1100, the C2 project, would become the (Simca) Talbot Horizon, and would be a runaway success in the United States, where it sold as the Dodge Omni and Plymouth Horizon. The 1100 would also be the basis for the Matra Rancho, an early crossover which had serious 4x4 looks but a Simca 1100 basis.

Range

944cc - 45PS (33kW)

1118cc - 50/52/60PS (37/38/44kW)

1204cc - 59PS (43kW)

ManufacturerSimca

AlsocalledTalbot 1100Simca 1200Talbot 1200

Production19671985

SuccessorTalbot Horizon

ClassSupermini

Bodystyle3-door hatchback5-door hatchback5-door estate2-door Pickup truck3-door van2-door van (high roof)

LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive

Engine944cc Simca Type 315 I41118cc Simca Type 315 I41294cc Simca Type 315 I4

Wheelbase2,520mm (99.2in)

Length3,937mm (155.0in)

Width1,587mm (62.5in)

Height1,460mm (57.5in)

Kerbweight918kg (2,024lb)

RelatedMatra RanchoSimca 1204Simca 1118Simca VF

The Simca 1204 (US) and Simca 1100 - most popular car in France - and Talbot Wind

by Andy Thompson

Introduction by the Allpar staff. One of the few Chrysler Europe cars to make it to the United States was the Simca 1204, which should have been a success it was, after all, based on the most popular car in France, a vehicle that attained American-style production numbers (over 100,000 per year), and the car that Volkswagen copied very carefully in creating the Rabbit (Golf) and GTI. Indeed, one could argue that the GTI label really stands for Golf TI the TI being a sporty Simca 1100. Yet, the 1204 was such a failure, despite having a larger engine than the French version, that it left almost before it arrived.

Andy Thompson wrote an excellent history of the 1100 and 1204. If you just want to get to the 1204, which is the model sent to the US, by all means skip to the Simca 1204.

The Simca 1100

At the start of the 1960s, Simca took a long hard look at its future model plans. It had just launched the 1000 and the Simca 1300/1500 were soon to replace the long running Aronde and Arainne. Where to go next?

Simca undertook careful market research to decide its strategy for the next 15 years. In particular Simca noticed the growing success of front wheel drive cars such as the Mini and Austin/Morris 1100 and the Renault 4 which were all showing new ways of bringing big car space, comfort, and handling to small car buyers. This looked like a promising market for a relatively young and ambitious car maker.

In the spring of 1962, Simca set a target of launching (by 1966/1967) a range of front wheel drive cars, incorporating saloons with folding rear seats, estate cars, and light commercial vehicles. It was to fit into the French 6CV taxation class, neatly filling the gap between the 5CV Simca 1000 (Simca Mille) and the 7CV Simca 1300.

Project 928: a new direction

At the end 1962, work started on the development of this new model, four body styles being part of the plan from day one. These were three and five door saloons, a three door estate, and a three door van. Two engineering prototypes were built, one with a front-to-back engine like the later Renault 12 and the other with a transverse engine like the Austin/Morris 1100. Both were extensively tested, while the Argenteuil styling team, directed by Mario Revelli de Beaumont, worked on various proposals for the external and interior design. In the summer of 1963, Project 928 got the go-ahead, using the transverse engine layout. However, Simcas design team now had a new set of bosses to convince in 1963, Chrysler Corporation had taken a controlling interest in Simca.

The American management made a lot of noise about how Simcas autonomy would not be affected by the takeover. However, a raft of management changes followed. Simca founder Henri Thodore Pigozzi was replaced by George Hereil. Following his appointment, Hereil quickly re-iterated Chrysler's initial statement that Simca would remain largely unchanged by the change in ownership, and in the case of Project 928, this certainly held true.

The two engineers responsible for the new product, Philippe Grundeler and Charles Scales, supported by George Hreil, the new President of Simca, prepared a mass of information to gain Chrysler's support. Detroit gave the project its blessing at the beginning of 1964. The Americans recognised that the forthcoming car would be in a favourable position when it hit the market. The only front wheel drive competition was from Britains BMC and Italys Autobianchi. Simca's last car (or Chrysler France's first, depending on your perspective) would steal a march on all European opposition, and that was good for Chrysler...

The company set a ta