Islamic ArtAn Introduction
Islamic Golden Age: Spain, N. Africa, W. Asia/Middle East, & South Asia
Art influences: Cultural, regional, Quran
4 MAIN STYLES:GeometricCalligraphicOrganic/figuralMedallions
Geometric designs are based on mathematical shapes& patterns.
The Calligraphic style uses Arabic script as the focal point of a design.
Organic and figural works are easily identified by their curving lines, floral patterns, or animal shapes.
The swirling leaves and flowers on this peacock plate from Turkey almost hide the dainty blue bird in the center of the plate.HereIAm!
The Medallion style usually has a central image that is more important than other elements of the design.
It is easy to see the medallion in the center of this carpet from Iran.
Lets Review!Can you identify this style?
What about this one?
and this one?
Here are the answers:
This is theGEOMETRIC STYLE!
Can you see the bird?This is an example of the organic/figural style. Look at thegraceful curves!
This sculptural carving from Spain is in the medallion style.
This science dish was designed in the calligraphic style. It says,Science, its taste is bitter at the beginning but, at the end, sweeter than honey. Blessing.
Your Task due: You will create your own Islamic art piece inspired by one or more of the four main styles youve seen today. Your piece must have:TitleArtist NameBorder/Mat-2 Explanation Paragraphs:How you made the piece/method of productionSignificance of piece: origins, influence, region, symbolism, purpose, historical relevance, etc. -2 MLA research sources
*These tiles were possible used in building a Mongol palace in northeastern Iran around the year 1270 A.D.They are in the collection of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.*This marble foundation stone is from Egypt. The swirling lines are actually Arabic script. Remnants of red and gold paint still adhere to the stone. It was carved in Egypt in the 15th century A.D.*This beautiful plate lives in the Louvre Museum now, but was originally made in Isnik, Turkey between 1625 and 1650 A.D.*This large carpet was woven in Iran around the year 1539 A.D. It is made of wool and silk, and is called the Ardabil carpet. It is 23.5 feet long and 13 feet wide! It is also in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.*This complicated geometric design is part of the floor at Qaitbeys fort in Alexandria, Egypt.Photo, Jerri Lejeune, 2004*Carved wooden panel, Egypt, end of the 9th century.In the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.*Pyxis of Al-Mughira,Cordoba, Spain. 968 A.D.In the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.*Science dish, Transoxonia, Nishapur (Iran). 10th century.In the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.