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Islam: The Basic Tenets. The Five Pillars Belief Worship Charitable Giving Fasting The Hajj (Pilgrimage)

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  • Islam: The Basic Tenets

  • The Five PillarsBeliefWorshipCharitable GivingFastingThe Hajj (Pilgrimage)

  • Belief (Shahada)"I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except God and Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger."Must be recited in daily prayerCore belief of MuslimsCan you think of anything similar in Christianity?

  • Worship/Prayer (Salat)Prayer five time a dayMust always face the Kaaba in MeccaMust wash before praying Rotation through a series of positions

  • Charity (Zakat)All who are able must give - at least 2.5% of wealth- does not always mean money- for benefit of poor and needyDuty of Muslims to ease the suffering of othersMust be given to their community

  • Fasting (Sawm)Must fast during the month of Ramadan- elderly, children, those with diabetes, pregnant/breastfeeding, or women who are menstruating are excusedNot allowed to eat from dawn to duskMakes you more mindful of God and atone for sins

  • Pilgrimage (Hajj)Must be made at least once The Hajj occurs during the same month every yearA number of symbolic rituals- Ex:- Walking around the Kaba 7 times- Symbolically stoning the devilDates back to the time of Abraham

  • VariationsTwelver Shia Muslims maintain five other practices along with the pillars - called the ancillaries of faith- Imams are descendents of MuhammadIsmailis have different pillars (seven of them)Debate over adding a sixth pillar