IoT Comic Book

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    Forewordby Grald Santucci

    15 illustrativeIoTapplication scenariosover 25 IoT concepts4 IoTexpertinterviewsby Stig Andersen

    Editor: Mirko Presser, the Alexandra InstituteIllustrator: Michael Skotting, Raaskot Visuel KommunikationGraphic Designer: Tine Raun, the Alexandra Institute

    Interne

    t

    Interne

    tInspiri

    ngthe

    Things!Things!

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    About a year ago, I started working

    on a then new European project

    called the Internet o Things Initia-

    tive (IoT-i) on a topic that was sup-

    posed to nd strategically important

    IoT applications.

    We managed to gather about 150

    application scenarios, short texts

    describing an IoT application in a

    situation. Quite diverse material and

    mainly rom other European projects

    past and present.

    Ater categorisation, combining and

    elimination we ended up with just

    ewer than 60 application scenarios

    that we presented to the public in

    a survey to nd out what scenarios

    would be strategically important.

    About 300 persons, mainly rom

    the ICT community, rom over 30

    dierent countries, took the survey.

    Now this is not bad but it is stay-

    ing within the ICT community. We

    need to branch out.

    We need to engage the general

    public, public authorities and busi-

    ness stakeholders that will be the

    contributors and end users o the

    Internet o Things.

    We need a new medium to com-

    municate the idea o the Internet o

    Things, its challenges, its problems

    and its benets; encouraging people

    to think about this new disruptive

    technology.

    There are ew things better than

    telling a story with pictures.

    This comic book is aimed at

    everybody. Everybody can

    look at the stories that are

    being told and orm an

    opinion. Use them as a

    basis or deep discus-

    sions or just as inspira-

    tion; agree or disagree

    and anything in between

    but talk about it.

    We invite you to use the material in

    this book to communicate and think

    about the Internet o Things.

    Mirko Presser

    The Alexandra Institute

    Autumn 2011

    But in reality, we never aimed at making a comic book!

    We call it the Comic BookContributors:

    Srdjan Krco

    (Ericsson EYU)

    Tobias Kowatsch

    (University o St. Gallen)

    Stean Fischer

    (University o Luebeck)

    Wolgang Maas

    (Saarland University)

    Sebastian Lange

    (VDE/VDI-IT)

    Francois Carrez

    (University o Surrey)

    Bernard Hunt

    (University o Surrey)

    Richard Egan

    (Thales UK, Research and Technology)

    Jan Hller

    (Ericsson AB)

    Alessandro Bassi

    (Alessandro Bassi Consulting)

    Stephan Haller

    (SAP AG)

    Gunter Woysch

    (Alcatel-Lucent Deutschland AG)

    ProductionTeam:

    JanHorsager

    (the Alexandra Institute)

    TineRaun

    (the Alexandra Institute)

    M ichaelSkotting

    (Raaskot Visuel Kommunikation)

    MirkoPresser

    (the Alexandra Institute)

    S tigAndersen

    (Thingvalla Kommunikation)

    B enteKjlbyLarsen

    (the Alexandra Institute)

    Printed by PrinoAarhus

    Comic Book powered

    by the Alexandra Institute

    and partially unded

    by the FP7 ICT

    Internet o Things Initiative

    Coordination Action,

    contract number 2575652 1

    Throughout this comic you will nd Quick Response Codes or QR Codes pointing

    you to additional content such as videos, webpages or pd-les via the internet.

    Use a QR Reader or your smartphone to nd the content More about The Internet o Things Initiative on the ocial webpage

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    eration, smart communities, and

    governance, but also or getting an

    idea whether the Internet o Things

    will actually bring raw data to the in-

    dividual and the society and whether

    it will empower the individual and

    the society to generate new data.

    Whether we will be able to escape

    the enslavement o reication the

    essential tendency o capitalism to

    place the human condition under

    the reign o commodities and to

    propose a re-enchantment o the

    world grounded in the real, intimate

    and powerul connection between

    humans, objects, and nature.

    By letting comics illustrate the

    narratives o the many acets o

    the Internet o Things in particular

    society, technology, industry, etc.

    this book gives a large space to

    imagination and creativity, and also

    to excitement and trepidation. Its

    witty, charming, unny, and so in-

    structive and interesting! Opt in and

    have a nice journey into the uture!

    Grald Santucci

    Head o Unit,

    Networked Enterprise and RFID

    European Commission

    Directorate-General Inormation

    Society and Media

    This evolution marks indeed a

    technological disruption, which is

    perectly illustrated in this IoT Comic

    Book, but it also heralds the onset

    o a new paradigm or the relation-

    ship between human beings and

    objects.

    In 2000, there were 6 billion

    humans living on Earth and 500

    million devices connected to the

    Internet. During 2008, while the

    EU Presidency was organising its

    Internet o Things Internet o the

    Future Conerence in Nice, France,

    the number o devices connected to

    the Internet exceeded or the rst

    time the number o people on Earth.

    Today in 2011, the world population

    reaches 7 billion and the number

    o connected devices 13 billion. By

    2015, there will be over three times

    the amount o connected devices as

    people on the planet and ve years

    later, there will be 50 billion con-

    nected devices or only 7.6 billion

    humans. At that time, imperceptibly,

    the world will no longer be the same.

    Then, will the prophecy o Trajan

    Koruga, the poet in The Twenty-

    Fith Hour o C. Virgil Gheorghiu be

    ullled? A society which contains

    [billions] o mechanical slaves and

    a mere [seven billion] humans ()

    will reveal the characteristics o its

    proletarian majority ().

    We are learning the laws and the

    jargon o our slaves, so that we can

    give them orders. And so, gradually

    and imperceptibly, we are renounc-

    ing our human qualities and our own

    laws.

    Or will an enlightened version o the

    Internet o Things emerge in which

    the desirable power relationship be-

    tween human beings and machines

    will be refected in system design?

    I we take todays Idea o Man in

    the Western world, which views

    men as responsible and mature,

    able to act rationally, and capable o

    dening themselves through moral

    autonomy and reedom o choice,

    we establish high level guidance or

    how systems should be built and

    what an Internet o Things could,

    or should not, do or us. (Sarah

    Spiekermann, 2011).

    We must realise that the object is

    at the same time a communication

    channel and a stock o inormation,

    which refects social relationships in a

    society at a certain moment. Human

    beings communicate through the

    objects that they trade. The nature

    o the objects and the terms o their

    exchange are the symbol o the way a

    society watches and represents itsel.

    Thereore, the uture o the objects

    in the Internet o Things is not only

    important or understanding how

    we should address policies such as

    spectrum, standardisation, privacy,

    security, numbering, open data,

    education, recycling, global coop-

    Forewordby Grald Santucci

    When objects can sense the environment and communicate, theybecome powerul tools or understanding complexity and respond-ing to it eectively. Though such smart objects can interact withhumans, they are likely to be interacting even more with each

    other automatically, without human intervention, updating them-selves their daily schedules.

    2 3

    GraldSantucci

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    Smart urban waste management will provide useful information to

    the public by encouraging and promoting an easier and more

    environmentally friendly way of collecting waste.

    This can be achived by identifying and

    emptying bins and containers when

    they are close to their fill level butnot overflowing at private

    households, enterprises

    and public areas.

    The implementation of smart urban

    waste management will allow a more

    efficient waste collection and optimis -

    ing the way in which it is performed

    today.

    In addition, incentives can be brought for-

    ward to encourage citizens to produce less

    waste and recycle more.

    The Internet o Things will optimiseprocesses happening in the real

    world.

    Logistics, utilities or event operation

    are complex tasks that are gov-

    erned by many parameters that are

    today estimated or simply unknown.

    The IoT enables detailed data

    gathering o inormation on a much

    higher granularity and much better

    precision than ever beore.

    In the Smart Urban Waste Manage-

    ment application scenario garbage

    collection can be optimised e.g.

    in terms o route optimisation

    based on ll levels. Empty bins are

    bypassed, ull bins are emptied, and

    broken bins can be repaired quickly.

    Optimisation saves time and

    reduces