INTERNET CRITICALITIES Activation and deactivation of the emergency back-up network

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INTERNET CRITICALITIES Activation and deactivation of the emergency back-up network. Fabrizio Cuccoli , Francesco Sermi RaSS CNIT UO Firenze. Outline. 1) Reference Scenario and Network. 2) Most Reasonable Scenario. 3) Worst Case Scenario. 4) Characteristics of the SWING system. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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INTERNET CRITICALITIESActivation and deactivation of the emergency back-up network

Fabrizio Cuccoli,Francesco Sermi

RaSS CNIT UO Firenze

1Outline1) Reference Scenario and Network.2) Most Reasonable Scenario.3) Worst Case Scenario.4) Characteristics of the SWING system.5) Supervision of the Internet Links.6) Simple Network Management Protocol.7) Performance Monitoring and Management Tools8) SWING Network Management System.9) Reactivation of the Internet Links.10) Considerations2SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/20132Reference Scenario and Network3SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013

3Most Reasonable Scenario 1/24SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013t0 Hackers undertakes a DoS attack to the Barcelona harbour facility.t0 + 2m The ECI of Barcelona detects the missing internet connection and reports an alert to its connected CGA located in Madrid via the SWING network.t0 + 2 m 30 s After receiving the alert from Barcelonas ECI, the SWING station in the CGA Madrid begins a check among all its connected ECIs (Malaga and Valencia) and CGAs (Rome and Athens) to verify the status of internet connection for each of them. The interaction takes place via the SWING network.t0 + 5 m All the connected ECIs, with the exception of the one located in Barcelona report a normal status of the internet connection. The treat is classified as local. t0 + 6 m 30 s After about 8 minutes from its activation, the CGA in Madrid consolidates the HF link with the ECI in Barcelona, providing a safe basic connection via the SWING network. 4Most Reasonable Scenario 2/25SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013

5Worst Case Scenario 1/26SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013t0 + 3 m The ECI Palermo is under attack: it detects an interruption in the internet connection and via the HF link signals its status to the connected CGA in Rome.

t0 +1m 30 s The Romes CGA receives the alert message from one of its ECIs and activates a check procedure among the connected nodes.

t0 + 3 m 20 s Also the ECIs in Naples and Patrasso experience a loss of internet-connection. In about one minute they both send an alert to their relative CGA.

t0 + 4 m The CGA Athens is under attack. It submits to the other CGAs a request to activate the SWING network.

t0 + 5 m 15s Also the CGA in Rome, detecting a multiple alert form some of its ECIs, confirms the request of SWING activation.

t0 + 18 m All the nodes are connected via the SWING network while their broadband connection is inhibited. 6Worst Case Scenario 2/27SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013

7Characteristics of the SWING system8SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013Hierarchical structure (each CGA monitors the relative ECIs);

Simple design (it is an emergency system: fast activation, cheap stand-by status);

System resilience (it needs to be operative when other systems are not);

Scalability of the infrastructure (the definition of new node does not effect the functioning of the network).8Supervision of the Internet Links9SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013Fault Management (detection, isolation and resolution of network faults);

Configuration Management (configuring and adjusting a network);

Accounting Management (tracking the usage of network resources);

Performance Management (monitoring network utilization at various points in a network);

Security Management (processes to make the network secure).9Simple Network Management Protocol10SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013The SNMP is an internet-standard protocol for managing devices on IP networks.SNMP is made by 3 components:Network Management System (NMS);Managed device;Agent.

The SNMP operates in the Application Layer of the Internet Protocol Suite (Layer 7 of the OSI model). 10Perform. Monitoring & Managem. Tools11SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013Active tools:ToolMetricsMeasurement approachpingdelay (RTT), lossICMP echoiperfachievable bandwidthpath floodingbingbandwidth capacity, lossRTT delayvariable packet sizetracerouteTopology, delay (RTT)varied TTLpathcharbandwidth capacityloss, delay (RTT)variable packet sizenetperfachievable bandwidthpath flooding Weather Maps Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) Diagram; Nagios (an host and service monitor designed to detect network problems in advance respect the user);Passive tools:11SWING Network Management System12SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013 Distributed Monitoring Server at each ECI site; Central Monitoring Server at each CGA site.

12Reactivation of the Internet links13SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013The CGAs involved in the attack regularly carry out a sensing of the Internet connections for the relative ECIs. This is done through simple sensing procedure whose repetition frequency depends on the minimum latency for the broadband reactivation indicated by the customer.

When the CGA senses the availability of the internet connection to one of the relative ECIs, it restores the broad band connection and disables the HF emergency link.

The deactivation of the emergency HF link is subordinated to the restoration of the traditional internet connection.

The restoration of the broad band connection takes place in a capillary way: from the external nodes to the inner CGAs ring. The SWING deactivation procedure must occur in a controlled fashion, by using specifically designed not-ambiguous end-of-message signals.13Final Considerations14SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013The complete process required for the activation of the HF back-up network after a warning alert event has been considered assuming a realistic network configuration and two different potential terroristic attacks.

The time needed to guarantee a safe basic internet connection via SWING to the node under attack has been estimated in less than 10 minutes from the triggering event.

However the effective time required for a complete SWING activation/ deactivation will depend on the event sequence that triggered the SWING and on the complexity of the effective physical topology of the SWING network.14References15SWING Final Meeting | CNIT - Pisa, Italy13/12/2013[1] Technical Report N. 2, Technical analysis of the communication problems related to the identification and designation of CIs in the interested area, Swing project, Sep. 2012[2] Douglas R. Mauro and Kevin J. Schmidt, Essential SNMP, (1st ed.) Sebastopol, CA: OReilly & Associates, 2001.[3] An Architecture for Describing Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Management Frameworks, IETF RFC 3411[4] The MultiRouter Traffic Grapher Home Page, http://oss.oetiker.ch/mrtg/[5] Nagios Home Page, http://www.nagios.org

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