IN-TEXT CITATIONS APA Style. Paraphrases & Direct Quotes. It identifies the source of information in the body of your writing. What is an in-text citation?. If you do not, it is plagiarism or stealing the words. There are 2 types of In-text citations. One is for paraphrases. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
IN-TEXT CITATIONS APA Style
IN-TEXT CITATIONS APA StyleParaphrases & Direct Quotes
It identifies the source of information in the body of your writing.What is an in-text citation? If you do not, it is plagiarism or stealing the words.
One is for paraphrases.The other is for direct quotes.There are 2 types of In-text citations.
For paraphrasing remember :Same meaning but different words.For example, There are 2 and a quarter million people in Dubai.Change to: Dubai has a population of 2.25 million.
You do not need quotation marks for paraphrases. But, you need to note the source of the information.Do it like this : (Author, year)Put it in the body of your writing, not at the bottom of a page.
Open parenthesis markYear source publishedAuthors last name onlyClosed parenthesis mark Comma, space (Author, year)
Page numbers are not noted in APA for paraphrases.
What about just a number from a table, or graph?For example, here is a table that says 1 million cats live in the UAE. CountryPopulationCatsUAE1.5 millionOman3.2 millionQatar1 million
Did you count the 1 million yourself ? No ! You read it.Write it the same way but add the page number : (Smith, 2005, p. 4)So, you must note the source of your information.
The complete citation (full author name, year, title, city, publisher, & pages) must be in the Reference List at the end of your paper.
What if the source is a website?
Again, write the authors last name and year.
If there is no author, write the first 2-3 words of the title of the webpage in italics and the year.
For example, Complete Citation for Reference List:
Endangered Animals of the World. (2009). Retrieved December 2, 2009, from Animal World http://www.animalworld.org
(Endangered Animals, 2009).A DIRECT QUOTE is when you use the exact words from a book or other source.You must use quotation marks around these words and note the page number.
Open parenthesis markLetter p lower case. Dot. Page numberAuthors last name only. Comma. Space.Closed parenthesis mark Year. Comma.Space. (Author, year, p. #)
But, the authors name, year, and page number must appear in parentheses.Words words words words words words words words words words words wordsWords words words words words wordsWords words words words words wordsWords words words words words wordsWords words words words words wordsWords words words words words wordsWords words words (Smith, 2004, p. 23).
For quotes of more than 40 words, tab over and create a block. No quotation marks are needed around this block.
What if you dont need all the words and want to delete some words in a quotation?
Use . . . (dot, dot, dot) in place of the words you deleted. This is called an ellipsis. words . . . words
What if you need to add a word so it makes sense?
Use square brackets to show that the word you added was not in the original.She [Lady MacBeth] suffered from guilt.
I hope you understand how to write in-text citations.
Ask your teacher or your friendly librarian if you have any questions.