Illicit Drugs

Illicit Drugs

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Illicit Drugs. What is a drug? . A drug is any chemical substance that produces physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral change in the user. Heroin. Heroin is an opiate processed directly from the extracts of the opium poppy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Illicit Drugs

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What is a drug? A drug is any chemical substance

that produces physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral change in the user

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Heroin is an opiate processed directly from the extracts of the opium poppy.

Originally created to help cure people of addiction to morphine.

mimics the action of endorphins, creating a sense of well-being

intravenous injection

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obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. both a stimulant of the central nervous

system and an appetite suppressant a potent central nervous system stimulant initial signs of stimulation are hyperactivity,

restlessness, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate and euphoria

Side effects can include twitching, paranoia, and impotence

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Methamphetamine “meth” or “ice” enters the brain and triggers a cascading

release of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin

Users may become obsessed or perform repetitive tasks such as cleaning, hand-washing, or assembling and disassembling objects

Withdrawal is characterized by excessive sleeping, eating and depression-like symptoms, often accompanied by anxiety and drug-craving

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Crack Cocaine made popular during the early

1980s Used to be made using ether

which was extremely dangerous and often deadly

Now, “crack” is made using baking soda, or a similar “base” chemical, and ammonia

Feelings of “heaven on earth” when it is smoked and it is highly addictive

Feel effects almost instantly

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Crack Cocaine

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LSD A psychedelic Considered a recreational drug

and used for out-of-body meditation

Can cause long-term personality changes

“trips” very from one person to another

Some “acid” trips can be very disturbing to the taker because it causes powerful sensory and visual hallucinations

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Ecstasy “MDMA” A psychedelic which gives more stimulant-like

effects than other psychedelics A club drug, used recreationally effects of MDMA include an increased

awareness of the senses, feelings of openness, euphoria, empathy, love, heightened self-awareness, feeling of mental clarity and an increased appreciation of music and movement

jaw clenching and elevated pulse, are common

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Opium formed from the latex released by

lacerating (or “scoring”) the immature seed pods of opium poppies

contains up to 16% morphine and is smoked by the user

Discovered in 1817 Users may experience problems

with their vision, feelings of claustrophobia and heaviness

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Psilocybin Mushrooms fungi that contain the psychedelic

substances psilocybin and psilocin “Shrooms” are ground into a fine powder

and are usually ingested by putting the powder into tea and drinking it

Powerful hallucinogen that lasts 3-7 hours and the user can feel exhilarated or very distressed

Some people do not experience any effects

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Psilocybin Mushrooms

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Things to Consider You can’t predict the effect that a

drug can have on you—especially if it’s the first time you try it, and even if it’s a small amount or dose. Everyone's brain and body chemistry are different. Everyone's tolerance for drugs is different.

Using drugs can lead to abuse, addiction, serious health problems, and even death.

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What is drug abuse?

A physical or psychological dependence on a drug

What is drug addiction?

Drug abuse is the use of a drug for any reason other than medical purposes, which results in the impaired physical, mental, emotional, or social well-being of the user.

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Why do people abuse drugs?

the wish or belief that drugs can solve every problem

the pressure from friends to experiment

the enjoyment of drug effects

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Legal Stuff Possession: Having controlled legal drugs

that are not obtained either directly from a doctor, or from a pharmacist using a valid prescription OR having controlled drugs which are illegal for use under any circumstance, like heroine or cocaine

Dealing: is illegally supplying or selling controlled drugs to users on a small scale

Trafficking: the illegal manufacture, distribution, and sale of these drugs to dealers on a large scale.

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Treatment Treatment approaches for

narcotics abusers principally include drug-free maintenance in residential or out-patient facilities.

Rehabilitation services such as career development, counseling, and job skills training are also available