IBM Cookbook With SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse

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Guideline

IBM Cookbook for IBM Cognos 8.4 for use with SAP NetWeaver Business WarehouseProduct(s): IBM Cognos 8.4 Area of Interest: Infrastructure

IBM Cookbook for IBM Cognos 8.4 for use with SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse Copyright and Trademarks Licensed Materials - Property of IBM. Copyright IBM Corp. 2009 IBM, the IBM logo, and Cognos are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml

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While every attempt has been made to ensure that the information in this document is accurate and complete, some typographical errors or technical inaccuracies may exist. IBM does not accept responsibility for any kind of loss resulting from the use of information contained in this document. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. This document is maintained by the Best Practices, Product and Technology team. You can send comments, suggestions, and additions to cscogpp@ca.ibm.com. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. SAP, SAP NetWeaver, & SAP R/3 are registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries.

IBM Cookbook for IBM Cognos 8.4 for use with SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse Contents1 1.1 1.2 1.3 2

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INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 6 PURPOSE ..............................................................................................................6 APPLICABILITY .......................................................................................................6 EXCLUSIONS AND EXCEPTIONS ....................................................................................6 SAP NETWEAVER BUSINESS WAREHOUSE OBJECTS AND BEX QUERIES..... 6

2.1 OVERALL GUIDELINE ................................................................................................6 2.2 DEFINITION OF SAP NETWEAVER BUSINESS WAREHOUSE & BEX TERMINOLOGY ...................... 8 2.3 INFOQUERY NAMING CONVENTION ............................................................................ 10 2.4 WHEN CREATING AN INFOQUERY FOR IBM COGNOS 8 .................................................... 11 2.4.1 Releasing an InfoQuery for IBM Cognos 8 ........................................................... 13 2.5 CONSIDERATIONS FOR BEX QUERIES INTENDED FOR IBM COGNOS 8 POWERPLAY TRANFORMER . 16 2.6 VARIABLES WITHIN BEX QUERIES .............................................................................. 19 2.7 CONSIDERATIONS FOR BEX QUERIES THAT DRAW LARGE VOLUMES OF DATA ......................... 21 2.8 BEX QUERIES USING HIERARCHIES ............................................................................ 22 2.8.1 SAP Business Warehouse Hierarchies in IBM Cognos 8 ......................................... 22 2.8.2 Considerations when Using SAP Netweaver Business Warehouse Hierarchies.......... 23 2.9 BEX QUERIES USING STRUCTURES ............................................................................. 24 2.9.1 Structures in IBM Cognos 8 ................................................................................ 24 2.9.2 Considerations When Deciding Whether to Use Structures .................................... 25 2.10 SAP BUSINESS WAREHOUSE PERFORMANCE MEASURES THAT COMPLIMENT IBM COGNOS 8 ...... 25 2.11 OVERVIEW OF HOW IBM COGNOS 8 INTEROPERATES WITH THE SAP NETWEAVER BUSINESS WAREHOUSE ................................................................................................................... 26 2.11.1 Performance Considerations: Metadata Requests ............................................. 29 2.12 THE QFS_CONFIG.XML CONFIGURATION FILE ................................................................ 30 2.12.1 The qfs_config.xml Configuration Settings ....................................................... 31 2.13 THE SAPBW_CONFIG.XML CONFIGURATION FILE ............................................................ 31 2.13.1 The sapbw_config.xml Configuration Settings .................................................. 31 2.14 STEP BY STEP EXAMPLE FOR SETTING AN ENTRY WITHIN THE SAPBW_CONFIG.XML.............. 36 3 3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.1.6 3.1.7 3.1.8 3.1.9 3.1.10 3.1.11 3.1.12 3.1.13 3.1.14 3.1.15 3.1.16 3.1.17 3.1.18 3.1.19 3.2 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 IBM COGNOS 8 FRAMEWORK MANAGER.................................................... 37 MAPPING SAP BUSINESS WAREHOUSE OBJECTS TO IBM COGNOS 8 FRAMEWORK MANAGER ...... 38 SAP Business Warehouse Variables ..................................................................... 39 Name Property.................................................................................................. 39 Caption Property ............................................................................................... 40 Default Low Caption and Default High Caption Properties ..................................... 40 Selection Type Property ..................................................................................... 40 Entry Type Property .......................................................................................... 40 Default Low Value and Default High Value Properties ........................................... 41 Description Property .......................................................................................... 41 SAP Business Warehouse Variable Type Property ................................................. 41 Prompt Type Property.................................................................................... 41 Level Restriction Property............................................................................... 41 Trim Levels Property...................................................................................... 42 Use Default Values Property ........................................................................... 42 Show Key and Caption Property...................................................................... 42 Initial Number of Pick List Values Property....................................................... 42 Numeric Variable Property Values ................................................................... 43 Characteristic Variable Property Values............................................................ 43 Characteristic Value Variable Property Values................................................... 44 Hierarchy Node Variable Property Values ......................................................... 45 PICKLIST PROMPTS ................................................................................................ 45 DIMENSIONS ....................................................................................................... 46 Modify a Regular Dimension ............................................................................... 46 Hierarchies for a Regular Dimension ................................................................... 47

IBM Cookbook for IBM Cognos 8.4 for use with SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse3.3.3 3.3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6.1 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9.1 3.9.2 3.9.3 3.9.4 3.9.5 3.10 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.3.6 4.4 4.4.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.6 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.6.4 4.6.5 4.6.6 4.6.7 4.7 4.7.1 4.7.2 4.7.3 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 6

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Balanced Hierarchy............................................................................................ 47 Levels for a Regular Dimension........................................................................... 48 MEMBER UNIQUE NAMES ........................................................................................ 48 ROLES ............................................................................................................... 48 SAP BUSINESS WAREHOUSE HIERARCHIES................................................................... 49 Versioned Hierarchies ........................................................................................ 50 IMPORTING SAP METADATA INTO IBM COGNOS 8 FRAMEWORK MANAGER ........................... 50 SAP BUSINESS WAREHOUSE STRUCTURES ................................................................... 50 STEP BY STEP DATA SOURCE CONNECTION AND IMPORT FOR SAP BUSINESS WAREHOUSE ........ 51 Creating a Data Source Connection ..................................................................... 51 Steps to Import from an SAP Business Warehouse Data Source............................. 52 Examining the SAP Business Warehouse Metadata after an Import ........................ 53 Configure and Explore the Object Diagram .......................................................... 54 Create and Publish a Package for Power Users..................................................... 55 MODELLING SAP BUSINESS WAREHOUSE METADATA AND NAMING CONVENTIONS ................... 56 IBM COGNOS 8 REPORT STUDIO................................................................ 58 GENERAL OVERVIEW .............................................................................................. 58 OVERVIEW OF CONFIGURATION SETTINGS THAT APPLY TO THIS STUDIO................................ 59 PROMPT OVERVIEW ............................................................................................... 59 General Guidelines ............................................................................................ 59 Using BEx Variables without associating them with an IBM Cognos 8 Prompt.......... 60 Creating the Prompt Page to format BEx variables................................................ 62 IBM Cognos 8 Search and Select Prompt ................................