How will 3D printing impact our lives

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A collection of essays from the finalists of the 2013 Centre for Innovations' 3D printing competition

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<ul><li><p>1HOW WILL 3D PRINTING IMPACT OUR LIVES?Views from tomorrows innovators</p><p>A collection of essays from the finalists of the 2013 Centre for Innovations 3D Printing Competition</p></li><li><p>3D Printing Competition Campus The Hague Leiden University </p><p>Social Science anticipating on societal impact of 3D Printing</p></li><li><p>4</p></li><li><p>5Content</p><p>ForwardContestantsIntroduction</p><p>Essay Finalists3D printing the end of Intellectual property by Freyja Vandenboom</p><p>3D Printing: Ready Or Not, Here It Comes by Wendy Gnther</p><p>How will 3d printing impact our lives? by Chris Noteboom </p><p>OZYMANDIAS by Constanteyn Roelofs</p><p>The Future of 3D Printing: From the Center to the Periphery by Jens Iverson</p><p>Print Mode: On by Lisanne Nederlof</p><p>The Personal Pill by Marialisa van de Poll, Ihwanti van Hulst &amp; Beyza Gney</p><p>3D-printing in 10 years, 3 reasons that will influence its impact by Mark van Leeuwen</p><p>The Democratization of Creation by Nicholas Castellon</p><p>My thoughts on the social implications of 3d printing by Steven Jol</p><p>What the world needs by Warsha Koeldiep</p><p>Message from the winnerClosing remarks</p><p>7</p><p>8</p><p>11</p><p>12</p><p>14</p><p>16</p><p>18</p><p>20</p><p>22</p><p>24</p><p>26</p><p>28</p><p>30</p><p>32</p><p>34</p><p>35</p></li><li><p>7Foreword</p><p>This document contains a summary of 12 future implications of 3D printing, written by social science students, faculty member of the Leiden University and practitioners. The 3D Printing Competition unravelled and contains the submit-ted and unaltered papers of the finalists of the competition. </p><p>After the successful 3D Printing Summer School of 2013, held at the Campus The Hague Leiden University, a 3D Printing competition has been organized. Students, faculty and professionals from around the country are challenged to submit a paper that explored the major social implications of 3D printing. This undertaking has been done to encourage people within the social sciences to explore developments stemming from the technical sectors of society as both fields influence one another. The winning prize is a 3D printer sponsored by Ultimaker. The competition took place at the Campus The Hague Leiden University and is supported by the Centre for Innovation The Hague, the 3D Print-IT lab, and Ultimaker Ltd. At the Centre for Innovation we believe that multi- and interdis-ciplinary inquiry is of great importance to gather deeper insights into how our social structures are influenced by technological innovations and vice versa. The papers are published under Creative Commons (BY-NC-SA). We aim to stimulate others to experiment with similar experiments to encourage further inter- and multidisciplinary exploration of various technologies that promise a disruptive and exciting potential on how society develops.</p><p>The Centre for Innovation The Hague Team</p></li><li><p>8contestants</p><p>LISANNE NEDERLOFI am a Dutch first year student of International Studies (Univer-sity of Leiden, Campus the Hague) and have just finished my first semester. I am now preparing myself to specialize on East Asia and also Mandarin lessons.</p><p>CHRIS NOTEbOOMCurrently a Junior Structural Engineer at Octatube. During my masters Architecture and Structural Design I learned how to combine creative thinking with technical knowledge. Together with new digital tools and nature as a source of inspiration this enables me to make innovative designs for pioneering projects. </p><p>WENDY GNTHERRepresentative for ICT in Business, Leiden University</p><p>FREYjA VANDENbOOMI am interested in media theory, the development of 3D print-ing, games science politics and art, and the legal and social aspects thereof. I am currently busy with artistic research and developing conceptual audiovisual works and video projections.</p><p>CONSTANTEYN ROELOFSConstanteyn Roelofs, history student of Leiden University specializ-ing in the late colonial era (1900-1941) of the Dutch East Indies.</p><p>jENS IVERSONI am a Researcher for the Jus Post Bellum Project and an at-torney specializing in public international law. A member of the California Bar, the Thurston Society, and the Order of the Coif, and I have received my Juris Doctor cum laude from the Univer-sity of California, Hastings, and my Bachelor of Arts from Yale University.</p></li><li><p>9MARIALISA VAN DE POLLI am a 17 year old high school student at the Utrecht Stedelijk Gymnasium. For our school we have to write a paper about an in-novating subject that interests us. As 3-D printing is a very prom-ising technology that can change the world as the introduction of the personal computer did many years ago, my friend Ihwanti van Hulst and I, decided to do research on this new technology.</p><p>MARk VAN LEEUWENAfter fifteen years in professional software development and ICT and Business Consultancy, I switched to the non-profit sector. There I moved from general ICT Management to Information Management at Leiden University.</p><p>NICOLAS CASTELLON I am a Dutch/Brazilian and am currently doing a Masters degree at Leiden University in Crisis and Security Management with specialization in Cyber Security. I am also interning as a research assistant at the Centre for Terrorism and Counter Terrorism in the Hague where I am doing research on cyber governance and cyber espionage.</p><p>STEVEN jOLI am 26 years old, born and raised in Scheveningen, The Hague. After finishing my VWO I studied Information Science at Utrecht University. Currently I am doing the follow-up Master program Business Informatics. This year I will opt for a career in the area of IT and business.</p><p>WARSHA kOELDIEPI am a second years masters student, studying ICT in Business on the Leiden University and my nationality is Dutch.</p></li><li><p>10</p></li><li><p>11</p><p>introduction</p><p>We are honoured to present a total of 12 finalists presenting a diversity of dif-ferent designs and ideas. Participants have been encouraged to think big and contemplate what future possibilities might be possible with additive manu-facturing technologies. From 3D printed prosthetic hands and jewellery, to three-dimensional representations or metaphors on how this technology might influence literature and poetry were all explored and you can read more about each of these ideas in the following pages that include the unaltered and origi-nal papers the 12 finalists submitted before embarking on the journey of further discovery. </p><p>Erik de Bruijn, co-founder of Ultimaker announced the winner and the runner up of the competition. The winner of the competition was Maria-Lisa Van der Pol, a high school student from Utrecht who, together with her friend Ihwanti van Hulst, explored the idea of 3D printing the Personalized Pill. Their idea of the personalized pill revolved around a tablet that can be printed locally, this concept saves costs for packaging, distribution and can be customized accord-ing to the individual patients needs. </p><p>In second place came Nicolas Castello with his idea of 3D printing emergency relief shelters using local materials. This idea was one of many that his paper covered and used a special type of Polylactic Acid (PLA) that was infused with particles of sandstone to 3D print a small tent like object which, when scaled up, could shelter a small family. The idea he presented was to literally print shelters using the abundant resource of sand, minimizing the requirements of transporting materials to areas requiring emergency relief. If you are interested in taking part in similar activities or would like to get initi-ate a project of your own involving 3D printing, please let us know! You can contact us via c4i@cdh.leidenuniv.nl and you can join us on Facebook www.facebook.com/C4ITheHague.</p></li><li><p>12</p><p>Freyja Vandenboom</p><p>the end of Intellectual Property, the future will tell.</p><p>Referencesi www.thecopyriots.com author, </p><p>legal and artistic research by f. vandenboom</p><p>ii www.thingiverse.com/tag:yoda </p><p>i ii publicknowledge.org/it- -will- -be- -awesome- -if- -they- -dont- -screw- -it- -up </p><p>iv www.rfidjournal.com/articles/view?4986 </p><p>v www.forbes.com/sites/ehrli-chfu/2013/10/29/our- -future--with- -3- -d- -printers- -7- -disrupted- -industries/ </p><p>vi www.123dapp.com/catch vii www.nydailynews.com/news/</p><p>world/3- -d- -printed- -cast- -future- -article- -1.1398383 www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk- -12910683 </p><p>viii torrentfreak.com/pirate- -party- -battles- -lego- -over- -copyright- -and- -trademark- -injunction- -130118/ </p><p>ix www.fastcodesign.com/1672050/the- -drm--chair- -self- -destructs- -after- -8- -sittings </p><p>x i boingboing.net/2013/10/25/manchester- -cops- -trumpet- -seized.html</p><p>xi mashable.com/2013/03/11/google--glass- -bar/ </p><p>xii www.nike.com/us/en_us/c/nikeid</p><p>3D printing the end of Intellectual property </p><p>Is it a fantasy to think that in the future we can scan our thoughts and imagination and make them real? Maybe not.</p><p>Slowly 3D printers are finding their way into peoples house holds (ii). It takes some Yoda, iPhone cases and 3D models of yourself to begin to under-stand the powerful disruptive force of 3D printing technology (iii). In 2030 you might wake up to find 3D printed designs ready for you based on your personal data moni-tored while you were sleeping. This data could have been send to your 3D printer making an Iris van Herpen design dress ready to wear. 3D print-ing may very well be the missing link needed for development of The Internet of things (iv).Companies working with prototypes, designers can now easily make limited edition pieces for a fraction of the time and money it costs now. With 3D printing you do not have to order a minimum amount so you dont need large storage space, you also dont have a serious amount of waste material and some predict less traffic due to the fact you only need a file to print anywhere in the world (v). But just as easy it is to manufacture design it will be just as easy to copy it as well. All you need is a smartphone to go into any store or gallery and scan or take a picture. Back at home you can as easy as 123 turn it into a file that can be sent to 3D printers worldwide to be printed in any material that is available and will be available in the future. vi It is that easy so although we cannot predict the future we should think about how we want it to look (vii). </p><p>Disney and George Lucas are not go-ing to let people make models of their iconic designs for free (viii). LEGO may have become an example of a company that has accepted user gen-erated content but they were forced to after unsuccessful attempt to have their LEGOs IP protected something people seem to have forgotten. ix Just like the entertainment industry design and toy companies will try and stop mass infringement through DRM (x), lobbying for strict legislation and sheer scare tactics and aggressive legal battles (xi). They may want to restrict the use of smart phones in shops, museums and movie theaters so people cannot copy designs but the moments a design has left the store it becomes difficult to control over who makes a file and puts it online (xii).</p><p>With the development of better technology and software it will not take long before every household from here to Mars will have a 3D printer (xiii). We have seen that with the adoption tablets and not to forget mobile phones and before that televi-sion and computers. When the price is right people will buy and if not, we have persuasive advertising to make sure they do. Instead of going against the flood and battling infringements, companies should focus more on making great products for a reason-able price. Why not have a 3D printer in stores and museums to print on demand? Why not change from ready made models to designing applica-tions with blank models that people can customize? We already see this happening and this trend will become more prominent in the future (xiv). </p><p>Facebook claimed the end of privacy, maybe 3D printing technology will be </p></li><li><p>Facebook claimed the end of privacy, maybe </p><p>3D printing technology will be the end of </p><p>Intellectual Property, the future will tell.</p></li><li><p>The 3D printer will become a common </p><p>product that we can use to print any idea we could possibly think of.</p></li><li><p>15</p><p>will not notice the difference. It is needless to say that if everyone would do this, this would have a ma-jor impact on society, on the economy. Regardless of its implications and whether we are ready for it or not, there is no stopping this technique from becoming a standard product in every household. I think the benefits of 3D printing will outweigh its challenges, especially the benefits for education and health-care. The 3D printer opens up endless possibilities, but care should be taken with regard to the regulations and policies that should guide its introduction. </p><p>Referencesi C. Druce-McFadden, Tiny kid-</p><p>neys are worlds first 3d printed living organs, September 2013, http://www.dvice.com/2013-9-9/tiny-kidneys-are-worlds-first-3d-printed-living-organs, Accessed 03-11-2013.</p><p>ii http://www.stratasys.com/ma-terials, Accessed 03-11-2013</p><p>3D Printing: Ready Or Not, Here It Comes </p><p>Everyone may have heard about 3D printers by now. Having made a 3D model, it is now possible to actually print it using different kinds of mate-rial. This has major implications for manufacturing, considerably speeding up processes at low cost and improv-ing quality. The technique could prove to be especially beneficial for develop-ing countries, giving them a chance to produce high-quality products at low costs. It could also prove to be very useful for education and for the health-care sector. For example, from a 3D model, it will be easy to print models of body parts and to make customized prostheses, or even organs (i). </p><p>Considering the research being done and the already existing printers, it will not take long before every house-hold has a 3D printer. Already, 3D printers exist that can deal with mul-tiple materials at the same time (ii). This makes the collection of products that can be printed almost limitless. People will be able to print their own toys, car parts, computer parts, furni-ture, and much more. The 3D printer will become a common product that we can use to print any idea we could possibly think of. </p><p>Besides the benefits of being able to print anything you want, this may also have a dark side. Like any machine, 3D printers could be used for the wrong reasons. What if people would start printing their own weapons? The blueprints and models needed to do so will be-come available, be it illegally or not. Stopping the distribution of </p><p>such files is as impossible as stopping people from downloading films and music. Of course, weapons could be made without 3D printers as well, but the technique does make it a lot easier. </p><p>Also, as the distribution of blueprints and models cannot be stopped, how do we protect intellectual property? People will be able to print anything they want. Then it is not just about simple products such as plates and cups, but about products that would normally cost a lot of money to make, such as certain car parts. Moreover, if the materials to do so are actually cheaper than the items themselves, this could be disadvantageous for manufacturing companies and shops. </p><p>Maybe some of the biggest implica-tions would arise when people start printing money. As more and more ma...</p></li></ul>