How students in Higher Education use their mobile phones for learning

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How students in Higher Education use their mobile phones for learning. Claire Bradley Research Fellow Learning Technology Research Institute c.bradley@londonmet.ac.uk Dr Debbie Holley Principal Lecturer Learning and Teaching London Metropolitan University Business School - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>How students in Higher Education use their mobile phones for learningClaire BradleyResearch Fellow Learning Technology Research Institutec.bradley@londonmet.ac.uk</p><p>Dr Debbie HolleyPrincipal Lecturer Learning and TeachingLondon Metropolitan University Business Schoold.holley@londonmet.ac.uk</p><p>www.londonmet.ac.uk/learningonthemove/index.html</p></li><li><p>Background to researchOngoing research into mobile learning with year one new entry studentsWe have supported student groups using mediaBoardTexted students Learning tips Carried out a pilot for CONTSENS, an EU context specific project where students went out on siteIntegrated Textools a system where student text answers to questions in large lecture hallsAnd this project learning on the move</p></li><li><p>The studySurvey with studentsLoaned flip video camcorders to 3 students to record their daily mobile learning use2 of these students also filmed video interviews with other students about their useThe 3 students were interviewed to explore their mobile learning practise in more depthInterviews have resulted in 3 in-depth case studies or stories about their mobile learning practise and attitudes towards using their phones for learning</p></li><li><p>Survey results: The students74 1st year undergraduates taking a core business module Studying Marketing and Operations completed a questionnaire </p><p>Gender: 73% female, 27% male</p><p>Age:</p><p>Age range18-2021-2525-3030-35% respondents61%33%5%1%</p></li><li><p>Survey results: Students phonesContract v pay as you go (PAYG)63% on contract37% pay as you goMakeRange of handsets owned is diverse 72 students cited 37 phone models from 9 manufac- turers80% of phones can be classified as being Smart Phones (i.e. Internet and email enabled)</p></li><li><p>Survey results: Mobile features</p></li><li><p>Do you currently use your mobile phone for learning?22 students - 29% - said they used their mobiles for learning</p><p>34 uses given (some students use their mobile for more than one task) </p><p>Uses reported have been grouped into 7 categories</p></li><li><p>Uses for learningCategoryMobile phone useTotal usesper categoryConducting research/ Internet (4 students)12getting informationGoogle (3 students)Research / search info. (5 students)CommunicatingEmail (4 students)6Contacting group assignment membersFashion Facebook groupGenerating content/ Take pictures/photos (3 students)4artefactsVoice recordingUsing tools/ Calculator (3 students)4 applicationsMicrosoft OfficeOrganisingPutting reminder alarms for meetings3Check my examsOrganiserNote-taking Write notes1OtherAccessing learning materials4Presentations / record presentations (2 students)Transport files (PDF, Word, PowerPoint )</p></li><li><p>Case study: SamFoundation year Art, Media and Design Blackberry Curve, 18 mth contractUses his phone for these learning activities:Setting reminders in the calender, using the clock and alarm to organise his studying and schedulePhotos of images and things to rememberRecords lectures for later replayCommunicates with other students phone, Blackberry Messenger (free between Blackberry users)Uses the Internet and Google to look up informationSays his most common use is probably the calendar, because that is really useful, because my organisational skills arent very good, so it does help to have a little buzz when you need to do something</p></li><li><p>Case study: SamWhy he uses his phone for learning:Because it is convenientI mean Ive got it in my pocket 24 hours a day, its always there, and now I can use the InternetWhen:When necessaryWhere:At gallery visits and exhibitionsDuring lectures records them and enters information such as dates and deadlines into the calendarAt home checks notifications of forthcoming deadlines, tasks, etc. to see what he has to doHow the university could promote mLearning:Send reminder texts </p></li><li><p>Case study: ShriyaFirst-year Public RelationsBlackberry Curve, PAYG + 5 per mth for InternetBought Blackberry because it has Windows softwarePhone uses:Access university systems Webmail, Evision (student record system), WebLearn (downloads materials from VLE)EmailCommunicates with classmates Blackberry Messenger is freeAccesses Facebook for tutorial groupsMakes notes using Memopad (attach alarms to notes) and Word to go to write notes in lectures and draft reportsHer mobile use is overtaking use of her laptop!</p></li><li><p>Case study: ShriyaWhy she uses her phone for learning:Because it is easier, it is accessible (always connected to the Internet and other people), you can use it anywhere and everywhere, and you dont have to carry a heavy laptop around with youIt really helps you because it saves on time and moneyWhere:In quiet places her room, the local park, but not in the library because they are not allowedNot in front of a computer: mobile = freedomHow the university could promote mLearning:Encourage students to use their mobiles, e.g. interactive learning sessions on how they could use themShe believes that using mobile phones can get students interested in the subject more, they are fun and help to create enthusiasm for learning</p></li><li><p>Case study: HeidiFirst-year Public RelationsSony Ericsson G502, PAYG, doesnt use Internet (too expensive)Phone uses:Communicates with other students primarily by TXT because its convenient and cheap, or calls which can be faster and more effectiveTakes pictures of things to remember, to use in her coursework or that give her ideasCalculator (shes studying statistics)Makes notes and takes down thoughts by saving them as TXT messagesShe relies heavily on TXT messages for communication and making notes</p></li><li><p>Case study: HeidiWhy she uses her phone for learning:I know I have it on me always, and I can check it always, its better than writing in a small calendar book for meShe would use her mobile more if she had a more sophisticated phone and cheaper InternetWhere:Everywhere actuallyWhen:When it is appropriate.How the university could promote mLearning:Produce an App. that would make it easy to access University systems because it is Internet-based, and it would save you time because you could access from anywhere</p></li><li><p>Other students mobile learning practise3 Foundation Art, Media &amp; Design students</p><p>Rion, Sony Ericsson CyberShotUses the camera on his phone to take photos to use in his work. See video: http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/learningonthemove/videos/RionVideo.mp4Isaac, BlackberryUses his phone as an alarm clock, to communicate with others via email and phone calls and for setting reminders for deadlines. See video: http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/learningonthemove/videos/IsaacVideo.mp4TomaszListens to music on his phone whilst he works to help him concentrate. See video: http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/learningonthemove/videos/TomaszVideo.mp4</p></li><li><p>ConclusionsStudents are savvy and creative about using the phones that they have and finding cheap solutionsMany are already using their mobiles for a range of learning tasks, largely on their own initiativeOne way forward is to encourage students (and tutors) to make more use of the powerful devices they have for learning activitiesThis work provides insights into students mobile phone ownership and their mobile learning practise, making it easier to design mobile learning initiatives around what they already do and could do</p></li><li><p>Contact detailsClaire Bradley c.bradley@londonmet.ac.uk</p><p>Debbie Holley debbie.holley@anglia.ac.uk</p><p>The full survey data, case studies and video clips are all on the project website:</p><p>www.londonmet.ac.uk/learningonthemove/index.html</p></li></ul>

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