Healthy Start, Grow Smart: Your Newborn. - GPO Start, Grow Smart: Your Newborn. ... guiding babies every day; (18) babies' people skills; ... JOW w~th~s go through what is known as

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    AUTHOR TITLE INS TI TUT ION

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    Landry, Susan H.; Ramey, Craig T. Healthy Start, Grow Smart: Your Newborn. Department of Education, Washington, DC.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC. 2002-00-00 37p.; This publication was sponsored by the Texas Department of Health. Ed Pubs, Education Publications Center, U.S. Department of Education, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Tel: 800-872-5327 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-470-1244; email: edpubs@inet.ed.gov; Web site: http://www.ed.gov/pubs/edpubs.html/. Guides - Non-Classroom ( 0 5 5 ) MFOl/PCO2 Plus Postage. Breastfeeding; Child Development; Child Health; Child Rearing; *Childhood Needs; Infant Behavior; *Infant Care; *Neonates; Parent Child Relationship; Parent Education; *Parent Materials; Parenting Skills

    This booklet offers guidance to parents in caring for their Advice is given on the following topics: (1) newborn health

    ABSTRACT

    newborn babies. screening; (2) what a healthy newborn looks like; (3) newborn reflexes; (4) baby checkups; (5 ) fathers' role; (6) the baby blues; (7) sleeping position; (8) breast milk; (9) breast feeding; (10) bottle feeding; (11) checkups and shots; (12) what itls like to be a newborn; (13) changing diapers; (14) keeping a memory book; (15) installing car seats; (16) newborns' brains; (17) guiding babies every day; (18) babies' people skills; (19) learning to communicate; (20) why babies cry; (21) ways to soothe babies; (22) preparing the baby's bath; (23) bathing the baby; and (24) being gentle when bathing the baby. Information resources for families conclude the booklet. (EV)

    Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made from the original document.

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  • Prepared by: US. Department of Agriculture US. Department of Education

    US. Department of Health and Human Services

    2002

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  • Congratulations on Your New Baby! ............................. 1 Newborn Health Screening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 What a Healthy Newborn Looks Like ............................ 3 NewbornReflexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Your Baby Depends on You for Checkups ......................... 5 A Special Word to Fathers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

    Your Baby Should Sleep on Her Back ............................ 8 Breastmilk Is Best for Your Baby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Breastfeeding Is Natural . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Tips on Bottle Feeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Checkups and Shots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Whats It Like To Be a Newborn? ............................... 14 Changing Babys Diaper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    Install Car Seats Carefully . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Wonders of the Brain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Guide Your Baby Every Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Babies Have People Skills, Too . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Learning to Communicate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Babies Cry for Lots of Reasons ................................ 22 Ways to Soothe Your Baby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Preparing Your Babys Bath ................................... 24 Bathing Your Baby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Be Gentle When Bathing Your Baby ............................ 26 Information Resources for Families ............................ 27

    TheBaby Blues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    KeepaMemory Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

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    YO& b d. proud parent. Do you sometimes feel excited but also a little nervous about taking care of your new baby? Then you are like most parents. Even in the first days of life, your baby is starting to find out who you are.

    baby and you are a

    Research has found that very young babies know the difference between their parents and strangers. There are many changes that take place and new things to learn when you become a parent. It doesn't happen overnight. Be patient with yourself. The love you have for your baby will help you learn to become a good parent. Just as no two babies are exactly alike, no one takes care of a baby in exactly the same way. Be a loving parent. Do your best. Enjoy your baby! Ask questions if you need help.

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    YOLW baby U tit& for certain medical conditions when she is born. Many condi- tions can be treated if they are found early enough. Early treatment means your baby can grow up healthier.

    Newborn tests are given in the hospital right after birth. The tests are given again at your babys first checkup.

    The second series of tests is important. It must be done one or two weeks after the first tests. Be sure to take your baby to the doctor or clinic for this second series of tests. At this visit, your doctor will also check other things to make sure your baby is doing fine.

    A small amount of your babys blood will be taken. It will be tested and you will be told if there is any cause for concern.

    Your doctor or nurse can answer questions about the tests.

    If you dont have health insurance for your baby, you can learn about resources in your state by contacting the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Insure Kids Now Program.

    To learn more, call 1-877-KIDSNOW or visit their Web site at www.insurekidsnow.gov/.

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    Newbov@babkdon' t usually look like the cute babies in diaper ads. Newborns' heads are often more pointed than round. Their skin may be wrinkly and reddish in color. This is normal.

    In the center of your baby's head is a "soft spot" where the skull bones have not yet joined. This allows your baby's head to be flexible during the birthing process. The skull bones will grow together to cover this spot as your baby grows. Meantime, the soft spot allows your baby's brain to grow.

    Sometimes there are dark red patches on the baby's eyelids. They can also be on the bridge of the nose or back of the neck. No one knows what causes these. They usually go away during the first year.

    Some babies are born bald, some have thin hair, and others are born with thick, dark hair. For many babies, this first hair rubs off. For others, the color may change.

    Eye color can also change after birth. Eye color is usually set by the end of the first year.

    The umbilical cord that is left on the navel at

    where it falls off will become your baby's belly button.

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    birth will drop off in five to 10 days. The place I ______-___.- -

    Sometimes baby girls bleed from the vagina. Sometimes boys or girls will have swollen breasts. They may even produce a few drops of milk at birth. Hormones from the mother cause this. The discharge is harmless and will soon disappear.

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    / 2 B d d k hdve p?i%d yf&xtx that last only a few months. It helps to know what the reflexes are so you are not alarmed when they occur.

    The following reflexes are normal for newborns: fr Moro or startle reflex: This occurs when your babys head shifts

    position quickly. Or when her head falls backward. Or when your baby is startled by something loud. She will react by throwing out her arms and legs and extending her neck. Your baby will then quick- ly bring her arms together. She may cry when doing this. This reflex should go away after two months.

    * Rooting reflex: This is how your baby hunts for her mothers breast. If you gently stroke the side of her cheek with your finger, she will turn her head toward your finger. This lasts for three to four months.

    Sr Grasp reflex: Your baby will clench her fist around anything pressed into the palm of her hand. You can show this to a big brother or sis- ter. Say, The baby wants to hold on to your finger. This reflex goes away at five to six months.

    fr Stepping reflex: If you hold a newborn baby upright under her arms with her feet on a hard surface, her feet will make a stepping action. This happens even though it is a long time before she is ready to stand or walk. This usually lasts a couple of months.

    Ask your doctor if you have any questions about your babys reflexes.

  • YOW 6dy &medical checkups during her first days, weeks and months so the doctor can see if she is growing right. The way your baby grows in her first year can affect her health for life.

    Checkups are a normal and important thing for babies. Even though your baby seems healthy, she should get checkups at one to two weeks of age, and at two, four, six, nine, and 12 months of age.

    Your baby's fir