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  • 01_412992-ffirs.qxp 4/17/09 8:21 PM Page iv

  • HDR PHOTOGRAPHY PHOTO WORKSHOP

    Pete Carr and Robert Correll

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  • HDR Photography Photo Workshop

    Published byWiley Publishing, Inc.10475 Crosspoint BoulevardIndianapolis, IN 46256www.wiley.com

    Copyright 2009 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana

    Published simultaneously in Canada

    ISBN: 978-0-470-41299-2

    Manufactured in the United States of America

    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

    No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, withouteither the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per- copy fee to the CopyrightClearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permissionshould be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, 201-748-6011, fax201-748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.

    LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS ORWARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFI-CALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULARPURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE ANDSTRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDER-STANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONALSERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULDBE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACTTHAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEB SITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OFFURTHER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THEORGANIZATION OF WEB SITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BEAWARE THAT INTERNET WEB SITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THISWORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ.

    For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department withinthe U.S. at (877) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002.

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    Trademarks: Wiley and the Wiley Publishing logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates. Allother trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned inthis book.

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  • About the AuthorsPete Carr is a professional photographer living near Liverpool in the UK.He had his first taste of photography at the age of 10 on a day course wherethey photographed the local town and developed their film in the dark-room. However due to film costs it wasnt possible to pursue it as a hobby.He went to university graduating with a degree in Software Engineering.His interest in Web design lead him to learn Photoshop and from thereexpanded his creative horizons. He bought a digital camera, and then adSLR with a bag of lenses. By the time he was a professional Web designerhe quit to become a professional photographer.

    He documents people, explores urban environments, and relaxes with locallandscapes. His work has been exhibited in various galleries including TateLiverpool, Open Eye Gallery, National Media Museum, and at AlbertDock. His work has also been published in magazines worldwide includingProfessional Photographer, DSLR User, and JPGMag. He published his firstbook in 2008, which included many photos from his award winning photoblog, Vanilla Days. Photography will never be just a job.

    Robert Correll is an author, photographer, artist, music producer, audioengineer, and musician. He loves taking photos and is a lifelong film anddigital photographer. His first assignment in the United States Air Forcewas as a photo interpreter. Robert now pursues photography and HDR pro-fessionally along with his other passions. He is a longtime expert in imageediting and graphics software such as Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, andCorel Paint Shop Pro Photo. He also retouches and restores photos.

    His latest published works include Photo Restoration and Retouching UsingCorel Paint Shop Pro Photo, contributing to the Official Corel Paint Shop ProPhoto Magazine, and writing Your Pro Tools Studio. Robert also authors cre-ative tutorials for the Virtual Training Company. His titles range fromMasterClass! - Adobe Photoshop CS4 HDRI to subjects covering CorelPaint Shop Pro Photo, Adobe Photoshop Elements, Sony ACID Pro,and Cakewalk SONAR.

    Robert makes his music on the electric guitar and bass and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degreein History from the United States Air Force Academy.

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  • CreditsSenior Acquisitions EditorStephanie McComb

    Copy EditorKim Heusel

    Editorial DirectorRobyn Siesky

    Editorial ManagerCricket Krengel

    Vice President and Group Executive PublisherRichard Swadley

    Vice President and Executive PublisherBarry Pruett

    Business ManagerAmy Knies

    Senior Marketing ManagerSandy Smith

    Book DesignersLeAndra HosierTina Hovanessian

    Project CoordinatorPatrick Redmond

    Graphics and Production SpecialistsCarrie A. CesaviceAndrea HornbergerJennifer MayberryMark Pinto

    Quality Control TechnicianJessica Kramer

    Cover DesignDaniela RichardsonLarry Vigon

    Proofreading and IndexingPenny StuartBroccoli Information Management

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  • AcknowledgmentsWe would like to thank the entire team at Wiley for their hard work over the course of this project.Special recognition and thanks go to Stephanie McComb and Cricket Krengel. Thank you both forthis opportunity to share our passion for HDR photography in such a wonderful series. We would alsolike to thank David Fugate for his expert representation and support.

    ~ Pete and Robert

    I would personally like to thank my friends at Talk Photography on Flickr and those who have leftcomments on my site. Thanks for making me believe that I can take a half-decent photo. Thanks tomy friends for doing their best to keep me sane.

    ~ Pete Carr

    My personal thanks go to David and Pete for opening up a whole new creative world to me. Thank youto everyone from around the world who has e-mailed me questions. I enjoy making these connections agreat deal. Thank you to my family for your unfailing love, support, and encouragement.

    ~ Robert Correll

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  • To my parents, thank you for everything and letting me play with a camera. To my sister and nephew, thank you forthe walks and hot chocolate.

    ~ Pete Carr

    To my wife Anne, and our children: Benjamin, Jacob, Grace, and Samuel. I treasure you.

    ~ Robert Correll

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  • ContentsAcknowledgments vi

    Introduction xix

    CHAPTER 1 Dynamic Range and Digital Photography 3Dynamic Range 4

    Sensor walkthrough 4Bit depth 5

    Wrangling with Exposure 7Exposure explained 7Exposure value 8Metering 10

    Single-Exposure Limitations 11Skies 11Buildings 12Silhouettes and sunsets 13

    Traditional Solutions 14Lighting 14Neutral Density filters 16Contrast masking 17Exposure blending 18Tweaking shadows and highlights 19Dodging and burning 19Fill Light and Recovery 21Post-Processing with Raw 23

    The HDR Answer 23HDR photography 23HDR processing 24

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  • XCONTENTS

    CHAPTER 2 Gearing Up 29Focusing on the Photos 30

    Camera Types 30The dSLR 31Compact digital cameras 32

    Camera Features 32Shooting modes 32Auto Exposure Bracketing 33Speed 33Photo file type 34

    Useful Accessories 35Tripods 35Monopods 36Remote shutter release 37Light meter 37Filters 38

    Lenses and HDR 41Everyday zoom 42Wide angle 42Prime 42Telephoto 43Macro 43

    Software 44Photomatix 44Photoshop Elements 45Photoshop 47Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo 48Lightroom 49Aperture 50

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  • XI

    CONTENTS

    CHAPTER 3 The Art of HDR 53HDR Styles 54

    Selecting a Scene 54Light and timing 55Looking for high contrast 57Details 58Trial, error, and persistence 59

    Setting Up 60Stability 60Using flash 61Using filters 61

    Configuring the Camera 61Shooting mode 61Aperture 62Manual versus autofocusing 63ISO 63Auto exposure bracketing 63

    Metering 64Finding the best exposure 64Alternate metering strategy 64

    Taking the Photos 65Auto bracketing 65Manual bracketing 66

    Processing Photos into HDR 66Processing raw photos 66Generating HDR in Photomatix 66Tone mapping in Photomatix 69Tone mapping examples 71

    Alternate Processing Paths 74Paint Shop Pro Photo X2 and HDR Photo Merge 75Merge to HDR in Photoshop 76

    Alternate A