Haiti’s Development Vision

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Haiti’s Development Vision. Haiti’s Nation-Building Difficulties. Haiti is poised for nation-building. But serious obstacles remain. Political discords Social divisions Economic rivalries. Caspian Associates January 2001. Haiti’s Development Vision. Haiti’s Multi-Dimensional Problems. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Haiti’s Development Vision

  • Haitis Development VisionHaitis Nation-Building DifficultiesHaiti is poised for nation-building But serious obstacles remain Political discordsSocial divisionsEconomic rivalriesCaspian Associates January 2001

  • Haitis Development VisionHaitis Multi-Dimensional ProblemsCaspian Associates January 2001Economic ProblemsPoverty, unemployment & lack of industries Social & Cultural ProblemsIlliteracy, health problems & housing shortageSpatial ProblemsUrban primacy, squatting, environmental degradationPolitical ProblemsLack of public participation, lack of development management, & outdated judicial systemRegional Irrelevancy & Global PeripheralizationUnprepared for integration with CARICOM, no vision for a role or place globally NO NEWS!

  • Haitis Development VisionHaitis Strategic ObstaclesCaspian Associates January 2001Lack of political will and commitmentLack of a vision and a development plan Lack of coordinating administrationLack of effective fundraising instrumentsALL THE NEWS

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Must Develop, Haiti Can DevelopCaspian Associates January 2001For its own national interest For the interest of the black worldUnderutilized capabilitiesPopular demand for developmentStrategic geo-economic positionA lash artistic cultureCommercially attractive geographyHistorical occasionsNew window of opportunityHaiti Must DevelopHaiti Can Develop

  • Caspian Associates January 2001Haitis Development VisionCurrent Practices Are ObsoleteDominance of quick-fix mindsetLack of strategic thinking and visionDominance of disjointed approachLack of interdisciplinary planningDominance of ad hoc development managementLack of systematic institution buildingCurrent practices suffer from conceptual, methodological and institutional shortcomings

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPAs a development tool, NSDP can offer Haiti:

    An appropriate vision and development planA more responsive development administrationAn effective set of fundraising instrumentsBut NSDP can not offer Haiti the political will and commitment required for changeThat must come from political leadershipNo nation has ever developed without these four ingredients Korea and Taiwan included

    Caspian Associates January 2001

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001 NSDP is People-CenteredViews development as basic needs of peopleCaspian Associates January 2001

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001NSDP is a Management Tool

    Helps leaders see the futureAllows for strategic thinkingToday1-5 Years6-10 Years11-15 Years16-20 Years

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPNSDP is a comprehensive approach to development planningCaspian Associates January 2001

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001NSDP is an evaluation toolFormulates solutions, compares with current practices, and recommends a course of action ISSUEExisting ApproachModify theCourseChange theCourseStay theCourse CONCEPTUALIZATION COMPARISON RECOMMENDATIONS Method InstitutionConcept

    ProposedApproach

    Comparison of Proposed & Existing Approaches

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001NSDP offers a balancing mechanismHelps distinguish among economic, social, spatial and political dimensions of development Harmony &Justice Growth &CompetitivenessTerritorial SpecializationGoalMaximization ofNational Interest & Effective ManagementSocial StrategiesEconomicStrategiesSpatialStrategiesStrategyPoliticalStrategiesEconomicSpatialPoliticalSocio-EconomicEquityEfficiency &ProductivityOptimizationof SpaceObjectiveLegal Order, Institutional Building& InternationalIntegrationSocial PoliciesEconomicPoliciesSpatialPoliciesPoliticalPoliciesPolicy

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001NSDP offers a development modelInstitutionalFrameworkMethodologicalFrameworkGoal / StrategyFormulationENTRY POINTConceptualFramework

    Stages &Tasks

    Models & TechniquesIssue Identification &PrioritizationObjective / PolicyFormulationCausalAnalysisPlanning / Policy-MakingUnitsStrategy-making /CoordinationUnitsHaitis Medium-Term & Operational PlansHaitis 2000 DevelopmentScenarios & VisionGlobal & Regional Forces

    Principles,Trends & Needs

    Capabilities &ConstraintBrings together disparate determinants of development into coherent institutional, methodological and conceptual frameworks to produce vision and plans

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001NSDP offers a technique for scenario buildingGlobalDevelopmentPerspectiveCaribbean DevelopmentPerspectiveNational Capabilities & ConstraintsNationalTrends & Patternsof DevelopmentNationalNeeds & DemandsNationalValues &PrinciplesScenariosforHaitisRole &Place in theWorld &CaribbeanScenariosforEconomicDevelop-mentSocial & Cultural DevelopmentImagesSpatial DevelopmentImagesPolitical DevelopmentImagesNATIONALSECTORAL / SPATIALREGIONAL NATIONAL GLOBEIt allows planners and policy makers to draw alternative paths to development, incorporatingnational, regional and global opportunities andconstraintsNSDP builds scenarios by placing the economic sector as the center of development

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001Global IntegrationRegional IntegrationNational IsolationRole & Placein the World Export promotion Free trade policy/privatization Reliance on world markets Joint foreign investments Multi-sectoral development (comparative & competitive) Technological alliancesEconomicDevelopmentFramework Selective trade policy Reliance on regional markets Regional economic cooperation Targeted sectoral development Regional infrastructure Mixed-sectoral development (comparative & competitive) Import substitution Economic protectionism Strategic self-sufficiency Reliance on domestic market Local resource dependency Mono-sectoral development (comparative advantage) Globalism Modernization Mass cultureTradition &Modernity Nationalism Localism Traditionalism Regionalism Nationalism Culturalism Government as coordinator Decentralization Private Sector as leaderState &People Government as controller Centralization Private Sector as follower Government as leader Controlled decentralization Private Sector as actorAlternative Paths of National Development

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001NSDP offers a stage-wises planning system PROJECT PREPARATION AND SCENARIO BUILDINGPREPARATION OF LONG-TERM NSDPPREPARATION OF SHORT-TERM OPERATIONAL PLANPREPARATION OF MEDIOUM-TERM NSDPVISION BUILDINGOfficeSet UpDevelopingData & Info. SystemsOrganizingFunding BoardFund RaisingConductingRapidSurveyOrganizing Decision-Making& Coordinating Units &Planning TeamsProducingBase MapsProducing Maps of Spatial Structure of Economic, Social & Cultural andPolitical ActivitiesEvaluatingNational Values& PrinciplesAnalyzingNationalIdentityIssues

    Data & Information CollectionEvaluatingWorlds DevelopmentIdentifyingNational DevelopmentTrendsIdentifyingNational NeedsIdentifying National Capabilities &ConstraintsFormulatingDevelopmentScenariosEvaluatingCaribbeansDevelopmentPrioritizingNeedsIdentifyingUrgent ProjectsIdentifyingDevelopmentGoalsFormulatingLong-Term StrategiesEstimating Needed ResourcesConductingEvaluation& MakingRevisionsProducingLong-TermNSDPDevelopingEducationalProgramsEvaluating Existing Programs & Policies

    FormulatingQuantitative& QualitativeObjectivesFormulatingMed-TermSocial & CultStrategiesFormulatingMed-TermSocial & CultPoliciesFormulatingMed-TermEconomicStrategiesFormulatingMed-TermEconomicPoliciesFormulatingMed-TermSpatialStrategiesFormulatingMed-TermSpatialPoliciesFormulatingMed-TermPoliticalStrategiesFormulatingMed-TermPoliticalPoliciesProducingMed-TermNSDPConductingEvaluation& MakingRevisionsFormulatingLegal &RegulatoryRequirementsIdentifying Medium-Term Development Capabilities & ConstraintsFormulating Resource Mobilization StrategiesEstimatingNeeded ResourcesIdentifyingShort-TermCapabilities& ConstraintsFormulatingShort-TermObjectivesIdentifying Short-Term Policies / Programs / ProjectsProducingFirst-YearPlanFormulatingImplemen-tationPoliciesEvaluatingNational &RegionalRole &Functionof PAPEvaluatingCapabilities &ConstraintsEvaluatingTrends &Patterns ofDevelopmentEvaluatingRegional &Local Needs& ResourcesFormulatingQuantitative& QualitativeObjectivesSetting UpZoning &DesignCriteriaFormulating Development StrategiesFormulating ImplementationStrategiesConductingEvaluation& MakingRevisionsIdentifying & PrioritizingPrograms / ProjectsIdentifying First-YearPlan & BudgetProducingStrategicPlan of PAPPublic Relations & Marketing of NSDPOrganizingNSDP BoardFormulating the Role of Haiti in the World & CaribbeanIdentifying AvailableResources & UnusedCapacitiesEstimating AvailableResources(Actual &Potential)Projecting &EvaluatingFutureDevelopmentFormulatingLegal &RegulatoryPoliciesProjecting &EvaluatingFutureDevelopment

  • Haitis Development VisionHaiti Needs NSDPCaspian Associates January 2001STAGE I STAGE II STAGE III STAGE IV Development offices/ institutions Human reso