Gunja (Abrus precatorius)

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Text of Gunja (Abrus precatorius)

  • GUNJA

    www.abhilashjanakki.blogspot.com

  • Contents

    INTRODUCTION

    BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

    TYPES

    RASA PANCHAKA

    DOSAGE

    USEFULL PART

    KARMA

    CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

    TOXICITY

    MANAGEMENT

    POST MORTEM APPEARENCE

    TREATMENT

    MEDICO LEGAL ASPECTS

    SHODHANA

    YOGAS

  • Introduction

    The seeds of plant are deadly but looks most

    beautiful.

    Sushrutha acharya had mentioned it under the

    mula visha.

    As per Modern it is included under the Organic

    Irritant Poison.

    It has two different varieties mainly svetha and

    raktha.

    Gunja is one among the Upa-visha in ayu

    literature.

  • Plant Taxonomy

    Kingdom:Plantae

    Division: Angiosperms

    Class:Rosids

    Order:Fabales

    Family:Fabaceae

    Genus:Abrus

    Species:Precatorius

    B N: Abrus precatorius

  • Synonyms

    Kakananti

    Raktika

    Gunja

    Angaravalli

    Kakachinja

    Krushnala

    Chakrashalya

    Shitapaaki

  • Vernacular Names

    Assamese : Latumoni

    Bengali : Kunch; Koonch

    Gujarati : Gumchi; Chanothi

    Hindi : Ratti; Gaungchi; Gunchi; Gunja

    Kannada : Gulaganji () Kashmiri : Shangir

    Malayalam : Kunni; Kunnikkuru

    Marathi : Gunj ( ) Oriya : Kaincha

  • Punjabi : Mulati,Ratak,Labrigunchi

    Sanskrit : Gunja ( ) Tamil : Gundumani; Kunthamani

    Telugu : Gurivinda

    International

    Persian : Gunchi; Chashami-Khurosa

    Nepali : Ratigedi ()English : Abrus or Indian liquorice root.

  • Morphology

    It is a perennial climber . Growing upto 2 to 3

    inches in length.

    Habitat : It is found through out the India

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Abrus_precatorius_-_K%C3%B6hler%E2%80%93s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-002.jpg

  • Leaves

    Compound leaves having 10 to 15 pairs of

    narrow leaflets

    Pinnate-leafleted leaves

  • Flowers

    Its flowers are rose to purple in color,

    growing at the end of a stalk

  • Fruits

    The fruits are short pods in shape

  • Seeds

    The seeds are egg shaped bright, scarlet colours

    with large black spot at one end

    Length 8mm long ,6mm broad

    Weigh- about 105 mg.

    Seeds are available in different colour

  • Types

    According to B.P

    Svetha

    Raktha

    According to D.N

    Svetha

    Raktha

  • According to R.N

    Shwetha

    Rakta

    Krisna

    Harita

    According to modern.

    White

    Red

  • Rasa Panchaka

    Acc to

    Diff

    Acharyas

    Rasa Guna Virya Vipaka

    Adarsha

    nighantu

    Tikta

    Kashaya

    -- Ushna Katu

    Kaideva

    Nigantu

    Tikta

    Kashaya

    -- Ushna --

    D.N.

    Nighantu

    sangraha

    Tikta

    Madhur

    a Tikta

    Ruksha

    --

    Ushna

    --

    --

    --

  • Thearapeutic Dosage

    Root & leaf powder :1 to 3 gms

    Seed powder : 60 to 170 mg

  • Useful parts

    Root

    Leaf

    Seed

  • Karma

    Kaphavata shamaka

    Keshya

    Kusta

    Timira

    Kandugna

    Mukhapaka

    Chakshushya

    Shukrala

    Twachya

  • Chemical Composition

    Root and Leaf:

    glycyrrhizin,

    isoflavanquinones,

    abrusquinone A, B & C.

    Roots also contain precol, abrol, abrasine and

    precasine.

  • Seed: Poisonous, principal constituents being

    'abrin';

    It also contains hypaphorine, two steroidsone oily

    crystalline- -sitosterol,

    stigmasterol,

    5 B-cholanic acid,

    abricin, abridin, cholesterol,

    lectins and toxic proteins.

  • Toxicity

    It is included under the Upa Visha.

    The abrin poisons effect is similar to viperine

    snake venom.

    Fatal Dose : 90 to 120 mg of abrin

    :one to two seeds

    Fatal period : 24 to 72 hr

  • Signs and Symptoms of

    poisoning

    Symptoms includes

    Abdominal pain

    Nausea

    Vomiting

    Diarrhea

    Hemorrhagic

    Cardio vascular Failure

  • Management

    Decontamination

    Anti Abrin should be give

    Supportive measures

  • Post mortem Appearance

    Congestion of GI tract and viscera

    If injected ,local signs of inflammation can

    be seen

  • Medico legal Aspects

    Most of the cases arise out of accidental

    ingestion of the attractive seeds by

    children's, Seeds must be crushed or

    chewed for its harmful effects.

    A few homicidal cases are reported by

    injecting with needles.

    The seeds are used as an abortifacient and

    as arrow poison.

  • Gunja Suchi Prayoga

    Cattle poisoning : This is the primary use of the

    poison. The seeds are taken out, powdered and

    made into a thin paste . To this added Opium and

    Dhatura and Onion. They make into spikes of

    average 1 inch length, when dried in sun they are

    ready to use. These are pierced into the skin of

    animal. An intense cellulites develops and killing

    the animals with in 24 hr.

  • Shodhana

    Seeds are purified by boiling in Kanjika or

    milk for 3 hours.

  • Yogas

    Gunjadi Tailam.

    Gunjabhadra Rasa.

  • Bibiliography

    Dravya guna vignyana by prof P V sharma.

    Raja Nighantu

    Nighantu Adarsha

    Dhanvantari Nighantu

    Nighantu Sangraha

    Kaideva nighantu

    Agada tantra by dr.shekhar namburi

    Forensic medicine and toxicology