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  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    1 Issue 1 Revision 1

    Ground Operations

    Safety Manual

    Changi Airport Group | PO Box 168, Singapore Changi Airport, Singapore 918146

    www.changiairportgroup.com

    http://www.changiairportgroup.com/

  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    2 Issue 1 Revision 1

    Amendment Records The amendments listed below have been incorporated into this copy of the Ground Operations Safety

    Manual.

    Serial

    No.

    Issue

    No.

    Revision

    No. Description of Change Effective Date

    1 0 0 Initial Issue 09 Jul 2014

    2 0 1

    Inclusion of Annexes IV to VI

    Annex IV: Aircraft Engine Run-Up

    Annex V: Compass Swing Calibration Check

    Annex VI: General Guidelines on Washing of

    Aircraft Exteriors in Changi Airport

    15 Aug 2014

    3 0 2

    Part 1 – Introduction

    • Revised text: Subsections 5.3 and 5.5.2

    • Revised text and picture: Subsections 6.1

    • Inserted Section 7: Equipment Staging

    Area (ESA)

    • Amendment to section numbering:

    Sections 7 to 14 are now Sections 8 to 15

    respectively

    08 May 2015

    4 0 3

    Part 8 – Ramp Supervision

    • Addition of Part 8 section on ramp

    supervision

    • Addition of Annex VII on IGOM’s

    recommendations

    18 Oct 2016

    5 0 3 Part 5 – Aircraft Pushback

    • Addition text: Subsections 5.3.5 to 5.3.7 18 Oct 2016

    6 0 3 Part 6 – Aircraft Towing

    • Insert text: Subsections 6.4(i)

    • Insert text: Subsections 6.4(m)

    18 Oct 2016

    7 0 4

    Part 9 – Training & Competency of GSP Personnel

    • Safety training programme

    • Functional safety training programme

    • Structure of training programme

    • Documentation

    5 May 2017

    8 0 4

    Part 10 – Ground Service Equipment Maintenance

    • Preventive and corrective maintenance

    • Treatment of unserviceable GSE

    • Documentation

    5 May 2017

  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    3 Issue 1 Revision 1

    • Airfield Vehicle Permit requirements

    9 1 0

    Part 1 – Introduction

    • Inserted section 1.3: Oversight Framework

    • Inserted section 1.4: Updating of GOSM

    Part 2 – Safety Management System

    • Added chapter on SMS

    Part 3 – Human Factors

    • Added chapter on human factors

    Part 4 – Safety Culture

    • Added chapter on safety culture

    Part 5 – General Safety Guidelines

    • Inserted subsection 5.1.2: Overlapping

    ERA & “keep clear” zones

    • Inserted subsection 5.2.4: Mandatory

    deployment of wheel chocks/stabilizers

    • Inserted subsection 5.3.1: High visibility

    safety vest and raincoat specifications

    • Inserted subsection 5.4.1: Storm and

    lightning

    • Inserted subsection 5.4.2: Strong wind

    conditions

    • Inserted subsection 5.4.3: Low visibility

    conditions

    • Amended section 5.6: FOD

    Part 6 – Standard Operating Procedures

    • Added chapter on SOPs

    Part 7 – ADGS/ Manual Marshalling

    • Inserted section 7.3: Arrival OIC roles and

    responsibilities

    Part 8 – Operation of PLB

    • Amended section 8.2: Arrival handling

    Part 9 – Operation of GSE Associated with AHL

    • Inserted section 9.2: General safety

    instructions

    • Inserted section 9.3: GSE operations

    • Inserted section 9.6: Grounding of aircraft

    17 Aug 2018

  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    4 Issue 1 Revision 1

    Part 10 – Aircraft Pushback

    • Inserted section 10.3: Departure OIC roles

    and responsibilities

    • Amended section 10.4.2: Towbarless

    airtug operations

    Part 11 – Aircraft Towing

    • Amended section 11.2: Towing

    requirements

    Part 12 – Aircraft Fuelling

    • Inserted section 12.2: Fuelling Vehicles

    Safety Driving & Parking Inside ERA

    • Inserted section 12.3: Pre-fuelling

    operations

    • Inserted section 12.4: Fuelling operations

    Part 13 – Training & Competency of Personnel of

    GSPs

    • Inserted section 13.3: Refresher training

    requirements

    • Inserted section 13.5: Competency of

    trainer, assessor, buddy for OJT

    Part 14 – GSE Maintenance Programme

    • Inserted section 14.2: Preventive

    maintenance

    • Inserted section 14.5: Fire protection

    Part 15 – Contractor Management

    • Added chapter on contractor management

    10 1 1

    Part 1 – Introduction

    • Revised text Subsections 1.4.2.1: GOSM

    updates

    • Inserted section 1.4.2.3: Incorporation of

    AONs

    Part 2 – General Safety Guidelines

    • Inserted section 5.2.1.2: Vehicle reverse

    sensors and in-vehicle camera

    • Revised text: subsection 5.3.2.1g),h)

    • Amended section 5.5.3.1: Removal of

    chocks

    04 Dec 2019

  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    5 Issue 1 Revision 1

    • Revised text: Section 5.6.4.1 to 5.6.4.3

    Part 3 – Standard Operating Procedures

    • Amended subsection 6.3.3.1: Pre-arrival

    • Amended subsection 6.4.3.1: Departure

    Part 4 – ADGS/ Manual Marshalling

    • Amended subsection 7.1k): Pre-arrival

    Handling

    Part 5 – Operation of PLB

    • Amended subsection 8.1c): Pre-arrival

    Handling

    • Amended subsection 8.3k): Departure

    Handling

    Part 6 – Operation of GSE Associated with AHL

    • Amended section 9.1: Introduction

    • Inserted subsection 9.2.1a): Valid AVP &

    fire extinguisher

    • Inserted subsection 9.2.2c): Minimum Safe

    Distance

    • Inserted section: 9.3.7 – 9.3.9: Keep clear

    of refuelling hoses

    • Inserted subsection 9.3.7.1i): Operating

    towable skyloader

    • Inserted subsection 9.3.8.1g): Snail speed

    operation of loading GSEs

    • Inserted subsection 9.4e): Tail support

    stachion

    • Amended section 9.6.3: Removal of

    grounding cables

    Part 7 – Aircraft Pushback

    • Amended section 10.1: Pre-departure

    Handling

    Part 8 – Aircraft Towing

    • Amended section 11.1.1: Towing

    Operations

    • Inserted section 11.1.1: Maximum towing

    speed

  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    6 Issue 1 Revision 1

    • Amended subsection 11.3.1g): Towing

    manoeuvring speed limit

    Part 9 – Aircraft Fuelling

    • Amended subsection 12.1.2f): Reporting of

    fuel spills

    • Revised section 12.4: Fuelling operations

    • Revised section 12.5: Aircraft fuel spillage

    Part 10 – Training & Competency of Personnel of

    GSPs

    • Inserted section 13.5.4: Currency of GSPs

    trainers

    Part 11 – Annex V: Washing of Aircraft Exteriors in

    Changi Airport

    • Revised section 1.1: Aircraft Stands fitted

    with grease/oil separators

    Part 12 – Annex VII: Exceptions to PLB wheel

    positions

    • Inserted section 1: PLB wheel positions for

    pre-arrival/arrival

    • Inserted section 2: PLB wheel positions for

    pre-departure/departure

  • Ground Operations Safety Manual

    7 Issue 1 Revision 1

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Amendment Records ................................................................................................................... 2

    Glossary..................................................................................................................................... 10

    1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 12

    1.1 Purpose and Scope ................................................................................................................ 12

    1.2 Applicability ...........................................................................................