Graphic Organizers - Synectics

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  • 10/10/2014 Graphic Organizers - Synectics

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    Synectics

    Graphic Organizers

    "Creativity -- nothing more than following a systematic process,allowing random connections to take place, andusing your intuition to develop unique solutions.

    Oh, by the way,it's much easier and much more funwhen you work with others throughout the process." - Doug

    Background Information: Synectics (Gordon, 1961) provides an approach to creative thinkingthat depends on looking at, what appears on the surface as, unrelated phenomenon and drawingrelevant connections. Its main tools, analogies or metaphors. The approach, often used ingroupwork, can help students develop creative responses to problem solving, to retain newinformation, to assist in generating writing, and to explore social and disciplinary problems. It helpsusers break existing minds sets and internalize abstract concepts. Synectics works well with allages as well as those who withdraw from traditional methods (Couch, 1993).

    Top | Process: Teacher-facilitators use synectics in the classroom by leading students through aprocess which results in a three dimensional view of the "problem" in order to create solutions.Although this process appears a bit cumbersome, the resultant scope and depth of your options willjustify the time spent.

    Remember, tools, when used for the right types of jobs hold great value; synectics does not workfor every job.

    Define the word(s): Use a dictionary or other standard source to define each word, concept,or theme. I prefer an unabridged dictionary for more detailed definitions.

    See Try it, it works for a word list and suggestions on "being part of it" or on tolerance. Thisprocess works with a multitude of content areas.

    To ensure a fresh view generate each of the following lists separately, put the current listaway, and start the next list after a break of at least five to ten minutes. If time permits longerbreaks yield more beneficial results.

    When using synectics to define a person, appropriate for self evaluation, focus your questionson the areas of physical attributes, skills, interests, personality traits, attitudes, andemotional states.

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    Create direct analogies: What words have the same or similar meaning? (use aThesaurus or book of synonyms)

    Describe personal analogies: What would it feel like to have the characteristics or traitsof? (describe emotions and physical attributes)

    Identify compressed conflicts: What words have the opposite meaning orcharacteristics? (use a book of antonyms)

    Create a new direct analogy: What words have the same or similar meaning?

    Yes, this repeats the prompt from the second step. The difference, after going through the firstthree lists you will have gone deeper into the subject and this list will reflect that depth.

    Synthesis: Look at all four lists and find key words or phrases, expand on those to generatemore. Finally, focus on a theme that may incorporate several elements based on the final list.

    Try it, it works | Top

    I have used this process many times and I'm always amazed at the connections.

    I've created word lists for two different topics, "being part of it" and tolerance. I use the appropriatelist of words to elicit multimedia pieces. I allow students to work independently or in a group with nomore than three, unless you feel the people can work together...? In a group of three, I have theexpectation of "multi"media, e.g. music, visual art, writing, theatre, etc. But, then again, maybe youhave a swing band, dance or circus troupe, or a large choir. Limits are good, but don't let them stifleyour imagination.

    Feel free to give this a try, but be warned, students will whine and complain at the beginning. Keepencouraging them to use the process. It works. With younger students try going through theprocess with only one word, concept, or theme, and of course you may want to createyour own word list.

    Put each word on a small piece of paper and then let the students randomly select one to threewords. I put the whole list into a three column Word document, leaving about a half inch in between,then cut them out and put them in a baggy. Have fun.

    "My fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." - J F Kennedy

    "Be part of it" word list | Top

    abstract

    accepted

    accurate

    adhere

    alienated

    align

    ally

    allotment

    alone

    ensemble

    exclude

    exemplify

    exploit

    family

    farmyard

    flock

    flotilla

    fractured

    part

    partial

    Partisan

    play

    portion

    posse

    pride

    productive

    pull

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    application

    apply

    Assimilate

    band

    bi-partisan

    bond

    break

    build

    caravan

    cell

    cohort

    committed

    committee

    community

    compartmentalize

    compatriate

    congeal

    connected

    conspicuous

    construct

    create

    crowd

    decompose

    deconstruct

    denied

    destroy

    disintegrate

    dismantle

    disrupt

    division

    duet

    elusive

    empathy

    empower

    fragment

    friend

    frustrated

    full

    fun

    gaggle

    gang

    group

    heal

    heard

    heap

    heterogeneous

    hire

    homogeneous

    I

    ignore

    illustrate

    immersed

    include

    individual

    inquisitive

    inspired

    integrate

    integrity

    interrupt

    invigorate

    isolate

    lemming

    lonely

    mend

    mob

    movement

    nest

    nonproductive

    push

    random

    rejuvenate

    remove

    removed

    repress

    resist

    revisit

    revitalize

    sabotage

    segment

    segregate

    separate

    share

    solo

    spectacle

    splinter

    spontaneous

    squad

    subjugate

    support

    swarm

    synthesis

    synthesize

    tangential

    team

    tear

    them

    together

    trio

    uncommitted

    united

    us

    void

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    empty

    encourage

    enemy

    energy

    nothing

    null

    ostentatious

    ostracized

    wagon train

    we

    whole

    you

    Tolerance word list | Top

    adultery

    advertising

    affirmative

    action

    anarchy

    anti-Semitism

    appropriateness

    bias

    bigotry

    blasphemy

    books

    cable television

    CD-ROM

    chaos

    chauvinism

    computer hackers

    computer viruses

    conformity

    content-neutral

    crime

    democracy civilization

    discrimination

    disruption

    domination

    e-mail

    education

    espionage

    exploitation

    exploration

    glass ceiling

    Greenpeace

    homophobia

    homosexuality

    imagination

    indecent

    inflammatory

    institutional racism

    interference

    Internet

    intimidation

    intolerance

    invasion

    justice

    libelous

    liberty

    magazines

    mail fraud

    mixed relationships

    monogamy

    morality

    movies

    murder

    NatRifleAssoc (NRA)

    naturalism

    nonpartisanship

    nudity

    objectionable

    obscenity

    prejudice

    privacy

    prohibited

    propaganda

    prostitution

    protection

    prudence

    racism

    radio

    reasonable

    religion

    religious right

    repression

    responsible standards

    restraint

    restriction

    righteousness

    sabotage

    security

    sex

    sexual harassment

    slander

    society

    Spanish inquisition

    submission

    suppression

    television

    theft

    threat

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    expression

    fidelity

    films

    flaming (e-mail)

    freedom

    gender equity

    genocide

    offensive

    partisanship

    peace

    personal diaries

    politically correct

    pornography

    tolerance

    unclean

    Victorianism

    video

    violation

    violence

    For more information | Top

    Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center Online - http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/ -Provides a comprehensive resource on the Holocaust and WWII, virtual exhibits, a teacher'sresource center, special collections from the Institute of Documentation in Israel, and more.

    Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) - Teaching Tolerance -http://www.splcenter.org/teachingtolerance/tt-index.html - A national education project dedicated tohelping teachers foster equity, respect, and understanding in the classroom and beyond.

    Trigger Questions -http://members.ozemail.com.au/%7Ecaveman/Creative/Techniques/syn_quest.htm - Take creativeaction by using the Trigger Questions to transform your ideas and information into something new.These questions are tools for transformational thinking and may lead you to some greatdiscoveries.

    Other graphic organizers available throughout this site.

    Bridging Snapshots CerebralChart Sketch

    Compare/ContrastMatrix

    Network Tree Spider Map

    Continuum Scale PMI Synectics

    CycleProblem/SolutionOutline

    T-Chart

    Fishbone Map Questions Venn Diagram

    Human InteractionOutline

    Ranking Web

    KWLHSeries of EventsChain

    Site Map - A list of all the pages with annotations, yes, all of the pages on this site.

    Teachers - Make sure you check out the Assignments section which provides exercises, projects,support resources, and rubrics.

    Quotes - New links and lots of new quotes about life, art, and philosophy.

    Historical and Cultural Context - provides an overview of art movements and the context in which they developed.

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    We have not covered every movement or period, rather selected snippets to help provide students with anopportunity to explore the elements that have influenced other artists in their quest for expressing personal voice. Aswith all of our work, this site remains a work in progress.

    Wow, validation.

    Check out edHelper.com to find more educational resources, lesson plans, news updates, andmore.

    For more graphic organizers see:Graphic Organizer Index - http://www.graphic.org/goindex.html - provides a matrix of organizers with practicalapplications for each category.

    Site Map | Graphic Organizers | Quotes | WordList | Glossary | Rules of Thumb | On-LineResources | WriteDesign | Co-Teachers - Doug and Melissa | Gallery | TopE-Mail Doug at mrdoug@aznet.net or Melissa at mmckinstry@sdja.com

    Melissa and I would like tothank znet formaking a commitment toeducation and WriteDesign.

    References:

    Kipperman, D., & Linder, D. (1995). CerebralFlatulence. In EdTec 670 Cardboard Cognition.Available: http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec670/Cardboard/card/c/CerebralFlat.html

    Couch, Richard (1993). Synectics and Imagery: Developing Creative Thinking ThroughImages. In: Art, Science & Visual Literacy: Selected Readings from the Annual Conference of theInternational Visual Literacy Association (24th, Pittsburgh, PA. September 30 - October 4, 1992).(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 363 330)

    Gordon, W.J.J. (1961). Synectics. New York: Harper & Row.

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