of 49 /49
Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival 1 Chapter The Baby’s Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section 6.2 The Newborn Section 6.3 The Postnatal Period Contents

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

1

Chapter The Baby’s Arrival6

Section 6.1 Labor and Birth

Section 6.2 The Newborn

Section 6.3 The Postnatal Period

Contents

Page 2: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

2

Section 6.1 Labor and Birth

• Pregnant women go through different stages of labor before delivering a baby.

• Some women have a cesarean or premature birth.

Page 3: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

3

Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary

cervix

contraction

fetal monitoring

dilate

cord blood

stem cells

cesarean birth

incubator

induce

anesthesia

Page 4: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

4

The Progression of Labor• Early signs of labor include:

• the “bloody show.” • a gush of fluid from the vagina.• contractions.

contractionThe tightening and releasing of the muscles of the uterus. This is also a sign of labor.

Page 5: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

5

The Progression of Labor• In premature labor, the fetus has been developing

in the womb for 37 weeks or less.• False labor is common.• Sometimes labor must be artificially induced.

induceTo start; to make the process of labor or a birth begin by a medical intervention.

Page 6: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

6

The Progression of Labor• The three stages of labor are:

1. Contractions open the cervix.2. The baby is born.3. The placenta is expelled.

cervixThe lower part of the uterus.

Page 7: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

7

Cesarean Birth

• A cesarean birth might be necessary if there is a lack of normal progress during labor, the baby is in distress or turned wrong, or there are multiple births.

cesarean birth

Also known as a cesarean section or c-section, it is the delivery of a baby through a surgical incision in the mother’s abdomen.

Page 8: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

8

Premature Birth

• Premature babies require special care because they are not ready to live outside their mother’s body.

• The premature baby’s brain cannot control:• its body temperature.• breathing.• feeding.

Page 9: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

9

Section 6.2 The Newborn

• A newborn baby is examined immediately after birth.

• A newborn also receives numerous tests shortly after birth.

Page 10: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

10

Content Vocabulary

fontanel

lanugo

vernix

Apgar scale

Academic Vocabulary

fuse

secure

Page 11: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

11

The Baby Arrives

• Most newborns naturally breathe on their own after birth.

• The baby’s skull bones are not fully fused, so the head may appear lopsided.

fuseTo combine; to unit or blend.

Page 12: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

12

Examining the Newborn

• Doctors use the Apgar scale to measure a newborn’s:• heart rate.• skin color.• breathing.• muscle tone.• response to

stimulation.Apgar scaleA system of rating the physical condition of a newborn baby.

Page 13: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

13

Examining the Newborn

• Nurses examine the baby for conditions that might require special care.

• Newborns receive hearing screenings.• Blood tests are taken to screen the baby for a

number of diseases and disorders.

What conditions might require special care in a newborn?

Page 14: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

14

Section 6.3 The Postnatal Period

• After the baby is born, the parents begin to bond with the baby while still at the hospital.

• Both mother and baby receive postnatal care.

Page 15: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

15

Content Vocabulary

neonatal period

jaundice

bilirubin

bonding

colostrum

lactation consultant

rooming-in

postnatal period

postpartum depression

Academic Vocabulary

major

stable

Page 16: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

16

After the Birth

• The neonatal period involves major adjustments for mother and baby.

• Bonding allows parents and the baby to form emotional ties and helps the baby’s brain development.

neonatal periodThe first month after the baby is born.

bondingThe act of forming emotional ties between parents and child.

Page 17: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

17

After the Birth

• Some hospitals allow the baby to stay in the room with the mother.

• Premature babies have an increased risk of medical and developmental problems and need 24-hour monitoring.

Page 18: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

18

Mother’s Postnatal Care

• A new mother has physical and emotional needs during the postnatal period.

• Physical needs include:• rest.• exercise.• nutrition.• checkups.

postnatal periodThe time following the baby’s birth.

Page 19: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

19

Chapter Summary

Section 6.1Labor and Birth

• There are three main stages of labor. • A cesarean birth may be necessary if the mother’s

or baby’s health is in danger. • A premature baby will require special medical

care.

Page 20: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

20

Chapter Summary

Section 6.2The Newborn

• Immediately after birth, a newborn’s physical condition is evaluated through a variety of tests.

Page 21: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

21

Chapter Summary

Section 6.3The Postnatal Period

• Bonding after birth strengthens the emotional connection between parents and their child.

• A new mother needs postnatal care. • New mothers need rest, exercise, good nutrition,

and follow-up medical care. • They may also have emotional needs.

Page 22: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

22

ReviewReview

Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.

The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.

Start

Page 23: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

23

cervix cérvix

The lower part of the uterus.

La parte baja del útero.

Show Definition

Page 24: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

24

contraction contracción

The tightening and releasing of the muscles of the uterus. This is also a sign of labor.

Movimiento de los músculos del útero. Generalmente indica que el bebé está por nacer.

Show Definition

Page 25: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

25

fetal monitoring monitoreo fetal

The watching of an unborn baby’s heart rate for indications of stress.

Observación del ritmo cardiaco de un bebé que no ha nacido, para buscar síntomas de estrés.

Show Definition

Page 26: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

26

dilate dilatar

To widen or open. Agrandar o abrir.

Show Definition

Page 27: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

27

cord bloodsangre del cordón

umbilical The blood left behind in the umbilical cord and placenta following birth.

Sangre que queda en el cordón umbilical y la placenta después del nacimiento.

Show Definition

Page 28: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

28

stem cells células madre

Cells capable of producing all types of cells.

Células que pueden producir todo tipo de células.

Show Definition

Page 29: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

29

cesarean birth parto por cesárea

Also known as a cesarean section or c-section, it is the delivery of a baby through a surgical incision in the mother’s abdomen.

Nacimiento de un bebé por medio de una incisión quirúrgica en el abdomen de la madre.

Show Definition

Page 30: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

30

incubator incubadora

A special enclosed crib where the oxygen supply, temperature, and humidity can be closely controlled.

Cuna cerrada en la que se pueden controlar con precisión el nivel de oxígeno, la temperatura y la humedad.

Show Definition

Page 31: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

31

fontanel fontanela

An open space found on the baby’s head where the bones are not yet joined.

Espacio entre los huesos del cráneo de un bebé donde el hueso no se ha formado aún.

Show Definition

Page 32: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

32

lanugo lanugo

Fine, downy hair growing on newborns’ foreheads, backs, and shoulders.

Pelo fino y suave que cubre la frente, la espalda y los hombros de algunos bebés recién nacidos.

Show Definition

Page 33: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

33

vernix vérnix

A thick, white, pasty substance made up of the fetus’s old skin cells and the secretions of skin glands.

Sustancia gruesa, blanca y pastosa compuesta de las células viejas de la piel del feto y de las secreciones de las glándulas de la piel.

Show Definition

Page 34: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

34

Apgar scale escala de Apgar

A system of rating the physical condition of a newborn baby.

Un sistema que mide el estado físico del recién nacido.

Show Definition

Page 35: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

35

neonatal period periodo neonatal

The first month after the baby is born.

El primer mes después de que nace el bebé.

Show Definition

Page 36: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

36

jaundice ictericia

A condition that causes the baby’s skin and eyes to look slightly yellow.

Afección que hace que la piel y los ojos del bebé se vean amarillentos.

Show Definition

Page 37: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

37

bilirubin bilirrubina

A substance produced by the breakdown of red blood cells.

Sustancia producida cuando los glóbulos rojos en la sangre se desintegran.

Show Definition

Page 38: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

38

bonding crear vínculos

The act of forming emotional ties between parents and child.

Generar lazos emocionales, como entre padres e hijos.

Show Definition

Page 39: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

39

colostrum calostro

A high-calorie, high-protein early breast milk.

Leche materna de los primeros días después del parto, con alto contenido de proteínas y calorías.

Show Definition

Page 40: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

40

lactation consultant

consultor de lactancia

A professional breastfeeding specialist who shows mothers how to encourage adequate milk production and how to position babies properly so that they can nurse.

Profesional especializado en lactancia que muestra a las madres cómo estimular la producción adecuada de leche materna y cómo posicionar correctamente al bebé para amamantar.

Show Definition

Page 41: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

41

rooming-incompartiendo

cuarto

When that the baby remains with the mother in her room during the hospital stay; it can be a full-time or part-time arrangement.

Cuando el bebé se queda en la habitación de la madre durante la estadía en el hospital; puede ser un arreglo de tiempo completo o medio tiempo.

Show Definition

Page 42: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

42

postnatal period

periodo postnatal

The time following the baby’s birth.

El tiempo que sigue después de que nace el bebé.

Show Definition

Page 43: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

43

postpartum depression

depresión posparto

A condition in which new mothers may feel very sad, cry a lot, have little energy, feel overly anxious about the baby or have little interest in the baby, and, in extreme cases, think of harming the baby.

Condición en la que las nuevas madres se sienten muy tristes, lloran mucho, tienen poca energía, sienten demasiada ansiedad por el bebé o les interesa poco y, en casos extremos, piensan en hacerle daño.

Show Definition

Page 44: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

44

induce inducir

To start; to make the process of labor or a birth begin by a medical intervention.

Empezar; hacer una intervención médica para que el proceso de parto comience.

Show Definition

Page 45: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

45

anesthesia anesthesia

Drugs that cause a loss of feeling, used for pain relief.

Medicamentos que producen la pérdida de sensaciones, se usan para aliviar el dolor.

Show Definition

Page 46: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

46

fuse fusionar

To combine; to unit or blend.

Combinar; unificar o mezclar.

Show Definition

Page 47: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

47

secure estable

Safe; untroubled by feelings of fear.

Seguro; sin sentimientos de miedo.

Show Definition

Page 48: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

48

major importante

Significant; of considerable importance.

De gran magnitud y significación.

Show Definition

Page 49: Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival Chapter 6 The Babys Arrival 1 Chapter The Babys Arrival 6 Section 6.1 Labor and Birth Section

Glencoe The Developing Child Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

Chapter 6 The Baby’s Arrival

49

stable estable

Unchanging, steady and firm.

Que no cambia; seguro y firme.

Show Definition