Geo and History Capital Cities in Ancient China

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Chinese Capitals

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    NAME DATE CLASS

    Imperial China

    Geography and History Activity

    Lesson 1 China Reunites

    Understanding Location: ChanganandHangzhou

    Changan ThecityofChanganhadbeeninhabitedforthousandsofyearssincearound6000B.C.TherulersoftheTangdynastymadeittheircapitalcity.Ithadseveralgeographicadvantages.First,itwassituatedatthepointwheretheHuangRiverandtheHeRivermeet.TheseriversprovidedbothnaturalresourcesandakeytransportationroutetotheEastChinaSeaandbeyond.Inaddition,thecitywaslocatedonalowplainthatwasprotectedtothesouthbytheQin(CHIHN)Mountains.Withtheseresourcesandnaturalprotections,thecitywasabletoprosper.

    Thecityhadaneconomicadvantageaswell.TradeprosperedinChanganbecauseitwastheeastern-moststopontheSilkRoad.Changanwasaculturalcenter,too.ItistheplacewhereBuddhismwasintroducedtotheChinese.InA.D.652,theBigWildGoosepagoda,ortemple,wasbuiltthereforworship.BytheA.D.900s,Changanwastheworldslargestcity.Itwashometomorethanamillionpeople.TodaythecityiscalledXian(SHEEANH),andmorethanthreemillionpeoplelivethere.

    HangzhouWheninvadersfromMongoliainthenorthmadelifeinChanganunsafe,theSongdynastyrulersmovedthecapitalcityabout750milessouthtoHangzhou.Hangzhouwasnotjustaplacetoescapeinvaders,however.ItwasabeautifullocationsituatednearHangzhouBayandXi(SHEE)Lakeandsurroundedbygentlyrollinggreenhills.AroundA.D.1126,Songemperorsbuiltlavishpalacesandgardensaroundthelakefortheirenjoyment.PoetsthroughouttheageshavecelebratedHangzhousbeautyintheirpoems.

    ThewatersandlandaroundHangzhoumadeitanagriculturalcenter.ItwasknownastheLandofFishandRice.Farmerswereabletocollectmanyspeciesoffishandgrowmanyvarietiesofriceandtea.Inaddition,thecitywasamajorproducerofhighqualitysilks.BecauseHangzhouwaslocated

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    NAME DATE CLASS

    Imperial China

    Geography and History Activity Cont.

    ontheGrandCanalandneartheChangJiang,traderswereabletotransporttheproductsofHangzhoutootherpartsofChinaandaroundtheworld.

    Capital Cities of the Tang and Song Dynasties

    HangzhouChangan

    CHINA

    MONGOLIA

    TIBET

    INDIA

    JAPANKOREANPENINSULA

    Huang He

    Ch

    ang J

    iang

    Mekong R.

    EastChina

    Sea

    ArabianSea

    Bay ofBengal

    SouthChina Sea

    PAC I FI CO C E A N

    N

    SE

    W

    0 1000 km

    1000 miles0

    Two-Point Equidistant projection

    DOPW (Discovering our Past - World)

    RESGChapter 17Map Title: Capital Cities of the Tang and Song DynastiesFile Name: C12-04A-NGS-824133_A-RESG.aiMap Size: 39p6 x 20p0

    Date/Proof: Mar 1, 2011 - First Proof

    Directions Answerthefollowingquestions.

    Understanding the Concept1. Identifying WhatgeographicaladvantagesdidChangan

    have?

    2. Describing ForwhatgeographicalfeatureswasHangzhouknown?

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    NAME DATE CLASS

    Imperial China

    Geography and History Activity Cont.

    3. Explaining WhydidSongdynastyrulersmovethecapitalcityfromChangantoHangzhou?

    Applying the Concept4. Analyzing Howdidgeographyinfluencetheeconomiesof

    thetwocapitalcities?

    5. Evaluating Whichcapitalcityprovidedmoreadvantagesfortraders?Forfarmers?Forrulers?Why?

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