Gandhi and mandela presentation

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  • Gandhi and MandelaTheir StoriesBy:Sophie Ludel

  • Mahatma GandhiWas born in 1869 in Porbandar, IndiaHe left for England in 1888 to become a lawyerGandhi then went to South Africa in 1893 to work for a Muslim firm as a lawyer and correspondence clerkGandhi founded the Natal Indian Congress, in an effort to reduce the intensity of the Indian Franchise Bill, which attempted to take away Indians voting rightsReturned to India in 1914, and traveled as a political guruHe created a syllabus of national regeneration, entitled the Constructive ProgrammeDealt with a variety of things about life, and symbolic values, also looked at development of village industries, equality for women, bans on alcohol, adoption of a common national language, and much moreWithin four years of being back in India, Gandhi became a national leaderIn 1920, Gandhi introduced a Non-cooperation Movement, and lasted for about two yearsAs a result of leading this movement, Gandhi was arrested and tried in 1922Was sentenced to six years in prision but only served two of themIn 1924 Gandhi was elected President of CongressIn an effort to create a mutual respect and tolerance between the Hindus and Muslim, Gandhi took part in a 21 day fast in 1924In the 1930s, salt became an important since it had a huge impact on all Indians, united the Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi decided to launch a satyagraha (which is a nonviolent resistance) against the governments decision to tax it.On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was on his way to prayer when assassinated by a fellow Hindu

  • Gandhi BeliefsGandhi was an extremely religious thinkerReligion was how human beings related and understood GodReligion was the foundation of life, and formed ones activitiesHe followed Indian traditions and took a cosmocentric view of human beingssThought that evil was not an independent principle, but rather that it was something that was permitted or allowedGandhi considered that all life was sacred, and thus he thought that it was inhumane to kill any form of life, no like if more important than another, human or nonhuman, it is a lifeHe was a vegetarianBelieved that persons owed their existence to their parentsSaw humans as interdependent (regards both the self and the other)Thus humans could not degrade/brutalize others without doing the same to themselvesTo Gandhi the idea of oppression and exploitation was formed from the idea of indivisible humanity The mind included a stream of conscious (chetana), also intelligence (buddhi) and the last was a dimension of human beings (atman)Humans were four dimensional in nature: possessing body, a mind, a non-material personality and a spiritHuman nature was the basis of moral thinkingGandhi was known for satyagraha: this was a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistanceThought that police did not reduce crime but encouraged it

  • Nelson MandelaBorn Rolihlahla Mandela, he came into this world on July 18th 1918, in TranskeiBorn into a high ranking familyAfter the Afrikaner-dominated National Party, who supported apartheid policy of racial segregation, won the election in 1948, Mandela became extremely prominent in politicsIn 1952, he led the ANCs (African National Congress) Defiance Campaign as an anti-apartheid projectIn 1952, he was arrested for violating the Suppression of Communism ActIn 1960, the ANC was outlawedMandela was imprisoned in both 1962 and 1964 for treasonIn total he spent twenty-seven years in prison: From 1964 to 1983 on Robben Island, from 1982 to 1988 in Pollsmoor Prison in Capetown, South Africa, and from 1988 to 1990 in Victor Verster Prison, in PaarlHe was released in 1990, after South African President, F.W. de Klerk lifted the ban on the ANCKlerk and Mandela won the Noble Peace Price in 1993 for their efforts in ending the apartheidMandela was elected the countries president in 1994Upon coming into power Mandela formed a coalition government entitled national unityGandhi was a huge influence for Mandela, affecting his approach and methods to issuesMandela chose to use Gandhis non-violent approach to solving conflicts