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FTA Construction Management Handbook 2016 construction management. Gannett Fleming, Inc., a national engineering and construction firm, developed this Handbook under

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Text of FTA Construction Management Handbook 2016 construction management. Gannett Fleming, Inc., a...

  • Construction Project Management Handbook

    FEBRUARY 2016

  • COVER PHOTO Edwin Adilson Rodriguez, Federal Transit Administration

    DISCLAIMER This document is intended as a technical assistance product. It is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. The United States Government does not endorse products of manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the objective of this report.

    This Handbook is intended to be a general reference document for use by public transportation agencies responsible for the management of capital projects involving construction of a transit facility or system.

    This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government and the Contractor, Gannett Fleming, Inc., assume no liability for the contents or use thereof.

    The United States Government does not endorse manufacturers or products. Trade or manufacturers names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the objective of this report.

  • METRIC CONVERSION TABLE

    SYMBOL WHEN YOU KNOW MULTIPLY BY TO FIND SYMBOL

    LENGTH

    in inches 25.4 millimeters mm

    ft feet 0.305 meters m

    yd yards 0.914 meters m

    mi miles 1.61 kilometers km

    VOLUME

    fl oz fluid ounces 29.57 milliliters mL

    gal gallons 3.785 liters L

    3ft3 cubic feet 0.028 cubic meters m

    yd3 cubic yards 0.765 cubic meters m 3

    NOTE: volumes greater than 1000 L shall be shown in m3

    MASS

    oz ounces 28.35 grams g

    lb pounds 0.454 kilograms kg

    megagrams T short tons (2000 lb) 0.907 Mg (or "t") (or "metric tons")

    TEMPERATURE (exact degrees)

    5 (F32)/9 oF oCFahrenheit Celsius or (F32)/1.8

  • REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188

    Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY 2. REPORT DATE

    February 2016 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED

    September 2008 - February 2016

    4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Construction Project Management Handbook: February 2016

    5. FUNDING NUMBERS FL-26-7110

    6. AUTHOR(S) * Kam Shadan and William Plumpton (Gannett Fleming), Michael Eidlin (Kal Krishnan Consulting Services), David Sillars (Sillars), Paul Krogh (K2 Construction Consultants), Dain Pankratz (Boyd Caton & Grant), and Robin Hazy (Raul V. Bravo + Associates)

    7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESSE(ES) Gannett Fleming, Inc. San Bruno Office Park 881 Sneath Lane, Suite 210 San Bruno, California 94066

    8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER FTA Report No. 0015

    9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration East Building 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE Washington, DC 20590

    10. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER FTA Report No. 0015

    11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES *Assisted by Lee Hamre (H.C. Peck & Associates) and Kate Berrigan (Gannett Fleming). Document replaces previous editions dated August 2007, September 2009, May 2011, and March 2012.

    12A. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Available online at http://www.fta.dot.gov

    12B. DISTRIBUTION CODE TRI-20

    13. ABSTRACT The purpose of the FTA Construction Project Management Handbook is to provide guidelines for use by public transit agencies (Agencies) undertaking substantial construction projects, either for the first time or with little prior experience with construction project management. It provides a comprehensive introduction to construction project management, including the applicability of the principles of project management and of all phases of project development from project initiation through planning, environmental clearance, real estate acquisition, design, construction, commissioning, and closeout. This Handbook provides guidance similar to that in earlier documents but tailored more to agencies that are constructing maintenance and operational facilities, intermodal terminals, park-and-ride stations, and other similar supporting transit facilities. Throughout the sections, project management concepts are illustrated with the use of a hypothetical example, a typical project to plan, design, and build a new bus maintenance facility.

    14. SUBJECT TERMS Construction project management, guidelines, checklists

    15. NUMBER OF PAGES 178

    16. PRICE CODE

    17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT Unclassified

    18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE Unclassified

    19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT Unclassified

    20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT None

  • CONTENTS

    Section 1. Introduction.......................................................... 1 Purpose of the Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    What is a Project? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

    Principles of Project Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    Section 2. Capital Projects Planning .................................................. 12 Purpose of this Sect ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    Integrate Agency Goals into Capita l Improvement Plan . . . . . . . . . 14

    Evaluate and Select Capita l Assets for Capita l Improvement

    Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Where to Find Addit ional Help and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Section 3. Project Initiation ............................................................... 20 Purpose of this Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Defining the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    Planning the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    Contract Management Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Safety and Security Management Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

    Other Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    Where to Find Addit ional Help and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

    Section 4. Planning, Environmental Clearance, Real Estate Acquisition ........................................................................ 38

    Planning Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

    Environmental Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

    Real Estate Acquis it ion and Relocat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    Entit lement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Where to Find Addit ional Help and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Section 5. Design ................................................................................ 56 Purpose of this Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

    Design Phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

    Design Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

    Design Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

    Third-Party Coordinat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

    Value Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

    Peer Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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