FORSYTH’S DOUBLE CONCERTO LE DOUBLE CONCERTO DE .FORSYTH’S DOUBLE CONCERTO LE DOUBLE CONCERTO

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FORSYTHS DOUBLE CONCERTO LE DOUBLE CONCERTO DE FORSYTH

Peter A. Herrndorf President and Chief Executive Officer/Prsident et chef de la direction

March 6 mars 2014Salle Southam Hall

Pinchas Zukerman conductor/chef dorchestre Jethro Marks viola/alto Amanda Forsyth cello/violoncelle

Tobi Hunt McCoy stage manager/rgisseuse*

*

2 Gobehindthesceneswithnac-cna.ca/stories

LAssociation canadienne des producteurs

concerts de la Srie Bravo ACPP.

The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers is proud to sponsor the

CAPP Bravo Series of concerts.

The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) represents companies that explore for, develop and produce natural gas and crude oil throughout Canada.

CAPPs members are an important part of a $100-billion-a-year national industry that provides essential energy products to Canadians.

LAssociation canadienne des producteurs ptroliers (ACPP) reprsente des entreprises spcialistes de la prospection, de lexploitation et de la production de gaz naturel et de ptrole brut lchelle du Canada. Les socits membres de lACPP reprsentent une partie importante dune industrie nationale au chiffre daffaires annuel de 100 milliards de dollars qui fournit des produits essentiels issus de lnergie.

Nous admirons tout le travail que demandent les grandes uvres.

We admire what it takes to create great works.

FILENAME CAPP-NACBRAVOINSERT-BW-2012-09-25-EN1 MODIFIED SEPTEMBER 25, 2012 10:29 AM CREATED 25/09/2012 APPROVAL 25/09/2012 2012

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Entrezdanslescoulissesaucna-nac.ca/histoires 3

Program/Programme STRAVINSKY SuitefromPulcinella(1949revision)20 minutes SuitedePulcinella(versionde1949)

I. Sinfonia(Overture/Ouverture)

II. Serenata

III. ScherzinoAllegroAndantino

IV. Tarantella

V. Toccata

VI. Variazione

VII. Vivo

VIII.MinuettoFinale

MALCOLM FORSYTH DoubleConcertoforViolaandCello21 minutes Double Concerto pour alto et violoncelle

I. Conbrio;feroce

CadenzaI

II. Adagiocantabile

CadenzaII

III. Leggeroegiocoso

Jethro Marksviola/alto

Amanda Forsythcello/violoncelle

I N T ER M ISS I O N/ EN T R AC T E

MENDELSSOHN SymphonyNo.4inAmajor,Op.90,Italian26 minutes Symphonie no 4 en la majeur,opus90, Italienne

I. Allegrovivace

II. Andanteconmoto

III. Conmotomoderato

IV. Saltarello:Presto

IGOR STRAVINSKYBornatOranienbaum(aresortnearSt.Petersburg),June17,1882DiedinNewYorkCity,April6,1971

Suite from Pulcinella

ThegenesisofStravinskysPulcinella balletscore lies inthefertile, imaginativemindofthe great Russian impresario and directorof the Ballets russes, Serge Diaghilev. In1917, Diaghilevs troupe danced a pasticheofDomenicoScarlattisballetmusicentitledThe Good-humoured Ladies, assembled byVincenzo Tommasini. Encouraged by thesuccessofthiswork,Diaghilevnextenteredinto negotiations with the enfant terribleIgor Stravinsky. Stravinsky completedthe ballet in April of 1920, and the firstperformance,abigsuccessforallconcerned,took place at the Paris Opera on May15, 1920, with Diaghilevs Ballets russes.Sets were by Picasso, the choreographyby Lonide Massine (who also danced thetitlerole),andErnestAnsermetconducted.About two years later, Stravinsky arrangedaconcertsuiteofelevenmovementsdrawnfromtheoriginaleighteen.

Inseekingtoevoketheearlyeighteenth-centurymusicalworld,Stravinskyresortedtoachamberorchestraofabout35playersandexcludedclarinetsandpercussion.Inkeepingwith the prevalent concerto grosso style ofPergolesisday,thestringensembleisdividedinto a concertino (small solo group) and a ripieno(larger,massedbody).ThePergolesisources Stravinsky drew upon include triosonatas, various instrumental works, twocomic operas and an opera seria. However,ofthetwentypiecesinvolved,contemporaryscholarshipnowattributesonlytenofthemtoPergolesi;therestarespurious.

Stravinskyhasreferredtohisrelationshipto Pergolesi as a kind of love affair. In re-

IGOR STRAVINSKYOranienbaum(villedevillgiatureprsdeSaint-Ptersbourg),17juin1882;NewYork,6avril1971

Suite de Pulcinella

LapartitionqueStravinskycomposapourleballet Pulcinella repose sur une ide sortiede limagination fertile de Serge Diaghilev,grand imprsario et directeur des Balletsrusses. En 1917, la troupe de Diaghilevavait dans une comdie chorgraphiqueintitule Les Femmes de bonne humeur,sur une partition pastichant la musique deDomenicoScarlatti,assembleparVincenzoTommasini. Encourag par le succs decette uvre, Diaghilev entra en contactavec lenfant terrible de la musique qutaitIgorStravinsky.Cedernierachevalapartitiondu ballet en avril 1920, et la premirereprsentationungrandsuccspourtousles artisans du spectacle fut donne lOpradeParisle15mai1920parlesBalletsrusses de Diaghilev; les dcors taient dePicasso,lachorgraphiedeLonideMassine(quidansaitaussilerle-titre),etlorchestretait dirig par Ernest Ansermet. Environdeux ans plus tard, Stravinsky tira des18numrosdelamusiquedeballetunesuitedeconcertcomposede11mouvements.

Afin dvoquer latmosphre musicaledu dbut du XVIIIe sicle, Stravinsky seservit dun orchestre de chambre denviron35 musiciens dont il supprima les clarinetteset les percussions. Selon la formule duconcerto grosso en vogue lpoque dePergolse, lorchestre cordes est divisen deux groupes : le concertino (petitgroupe soliste) et un ripieno (ensembledes musiciens). Stravinsky a puis dansdiffrentesuvresdePergolse,notammentdessonatesentrio,desuvresinstrumentalesdiverses, deux opras comiques et un opera

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fashioningmusicof theeighteenthcenturyto his own unique musical style, Stravinskycreatedamarriageoftwoperiodsinmusicalhistorynorape,butaseduction,carefullyplanned,successfullycarriedout,andvastlyenjoyed, as biographer Eric Walter Whiteputsit.

MALCOLM FORSYTHBorninPietermaritzburg(nearDurban),SouthAfrica,December8,1936DiedinEdmonton,July5,2011

Double Concerto for Viola and Cello

MalcolmForsythwasborn inSouthAfricaand obtained his bachelors, masters anddoctoral degrees in Cape Town. In 1968he emigrated to Canada after spendingthe 1960s teaching at the University ofCapeTown,playing trombone in theCapeTown Symphony Orchestra and writingorchestrations for the South AfricanBroadcasting Corporation. In Canada, hecontinued his musical career by playingtrombone in the Edmonton Symphony(1968-80)andacceptingapositionattheUniversityofAlberta,wherehetaughtfor34 years before retiring in 2002. Forsythbecame a naturalized Canadian in 1974.Over the years, the NAC Orchestra hasperformed numerous compositions byForsyth, including Sagittarius, SymphonyNo. 2, Atayoskewin (one of his mostfrequently-playedworks),ukuZalwa,anda

seria. Cependant, la paternit de certainsmorceauxestdouteuseetlesmusicologuesmodernes nen attribuent que dix Pergolse,surles20morceauxquecontientlapartitionduballet.

Stravinsky a dcrit sa relation avecPergolse comme une sorte dhistoiredamour. En remodelant la musique duXVIIIe sicleselonsonproprestylemusical,lecompositeurasumarierdeuxpoquesdelhistoiredelamusiquepasdeviolmaisun exercice de sduction soigneusementplanifi,dployavecsuccsetgrandementapprci , pour reprendre les termes dubiographeEricWalterWhite.

MALCOLM FORSYTHPietermaritzburg(prsdeDurban),AfriqueduSud,8dcembre1936Edmonton,5juillet2011

Double Concerto pour alto et violoncelle

Malcolm Forsyth est n en Afrique du Sudetaobtenusonbaccalaurat,samatriseetsondoctoratCapeTown.Danslesannes1960,ilenseignaitlUniversitduCap,jouaitdutrombonedans lorchestresymphoniquedelavilleetcrivaitdesorchestrationspourla South African Broadcasting Corporation,avant dimmigrer au Canada en 1968. Il apoursuivi sa carrire musicale au Canada,jouant du trombone dans lOrchestresymphonique dEdmonton (1968-1980)et acceptant un poste lUniversit delAlberta o il a enseign pendant 34 ansavant de prendre sa retraite en 2002. Il at naturalis canadien en 1974. Au fil desannes, lOrchestre du CNA a interprtde nombreuses compositions de Forsyth,notamment Sagittarius, la Symphonie no

2, Atayoskewin (une de ses uvres lesplus frquemment joues), ukuZalwa

celloconcertocalledElectra Risingin1997with the composers daughter Amanda assoloist.

Double concertos are relatively rare,and those for the combination of violaandcellocanbecountedonthefingersofboth hands. Forsyth is probably the onlyCanadiantohavewrittensuchawork,andhisisoneoftheveryfewwithfullorchestraas opposed to just a string ensemble. Itwas commissioned by violist Rivka Golaniand cellist Tanya Prochazka, who were thesoloists in the first performance with theEdmontonSymphony,conductedbyWilliamEddins on October 23, 2004. The biggestchallenge to a composer in writing such aconcertoistheproblemofbalancebetweenthesoloistsontheonehand,bothofwhoseinstruments are low in range and sombreintone,andalargeorchestraontheother.With this in mind, Forsyth heavily revisedthework in2008; thenewversion,whichweheartonight,wasintroducedonJanuary25,2010.Thecomposerwrites:

The first movement pits the twosoloistsinturnagainstadriving,machine-like orchestral texture in a melody builton a rising, octatonic [eight-not