for a sustainable and economically viable futurePetra Schwager Cleaner Production Coordinator, Environmental Management Branch
Global Trends: Growth in economy, energy and emissions
Regional Energy Consumption per Capita
Regional Resource Consumption per CapitaSource: Dittrich, M. et al., Green Economies Around the World, Sustainable Europe Research Institute (SERI), Vienna, 2012tonnes per capita per yearSustainable consumption
Series 1Series 2Series 3
Australia and Oceania362.42
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TimeTHE CHALLENGEDecoupling of Growth from Natural Resource Consumption and Negative Environmental ImpactsSource: International Resource Panel- Decoupling natural resources use and environmental impacts from economic growth ,2011
The Green Industry Challenge
THE GREEN INDUSTRY INITIATIVE
Greening of Industries Helping enterprises improve resource productivity and environmental performance Creating New Green Industries Establishing new operations delivering environmental goods and services Efficient use of materials, energy and waterReduction of wastes and emissionsSafe and responsible management of chemicals, renewable raw materialsPhasing out toxic substancesSubstituting fossil fuels with renewable energy sourcesUsing recycled raw-materials Product and process redesign, Green ChemistryReduce, reuse and recycle (3R) industriesPollution control technology and equipmentRenewable and energy-efficient technologiesRe-engineering of production processes and redesign of productsWaste management and resource recoveryEnvironmental advisory and analytical services
Resource Efficiency: Savings OpportunitiesUS$ 2.9 trillion savings in 2030 from capturing the resource productivity potentialRising to US$ 3.7 trillion if carbon is priced at $30 per tonne, subsidies on water, energy, and agriculture are eliminated, and energy taxes are removed15 opportunities can deliver about 75% of total resource productivity benefits, for example:Source: McKinsey (2011)Reducing food wasteReducing municipal water leakageHigher energy efficiency in the iron and steel industryIncreasing transport fuel efficiencyImproving end-use steel efficiencyImproving power plant efficiency
Business as Usual is Not NecessarySource: McKinsey (2011)
GREEN INDUSTRY PLATFORM LAUNCHED AT RIO+20
High-level, multi-stakeholder, transformative partnership frameworkReduces the negative environmental impact of manufacturingIncreases social and economic benefitsOnly comprehensive, targeted and practical sector-based strategyMembers include businesses, governments, international and civil society organizations
MEMBERS COMMIT TO
Improving Resource EfficiencyStrengthening Waste Management Reducing and Eliminating Toxic Materials Pursuing Energy Efficiency and Using Renewable EnergyAdopting a Lifetime Approach to Product ManufactureMaking Finance Available to Green Industry Promoting Technology Transfer and Sharing Best PracticesGreening Global Value ChainsSupporting Green Industry Research and Innovation Fostering Green Industries and Jobs Setting Green Industry Targets
Increased opportunities to create jobs and grow sustainable economic developmentFacilitate the transition to a green economyIncrease efficiency and reduce wasteImprove organizational/national competitivenessNetwork and partner on green industry policies and projectsShape organizational/national roadmaps towards green industryAccess information on global green industrial policies and practicesFoster innovation and new technological and management approachesHeighten profile, attract investment and access markets
GI Flagship:Resource Efficient and Cleaner ProductionContinuous application of preventive environmental strategies to processes, products and services to increase efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment RECP addresses three sustainability dimensions individually and synergistically:Production efficiency Through improved productive use of natural resources by enterprisesEnvironmental management Through minimization of the impact on nature by enterprisesHuman development Through reduction of risks to people and communities from enterprises and supporting their developmentSince 1994, promoted globally through support for set up of National Cleaner Production Centres, in 50 developing and transition countries, Main Donors: Switzerland, Austria, Norway, Slovenia and EU
GI Flagship:Resource Efficient and Cleaner ProductionSince 1994, promoted globally through support for set up of National Cleaner Production Centres, in 50 developing and transition countries
National Cleaner Production Centres and Programmes in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (under establishment), Croatia, Egypt, Lebanon, Montenegro, Morocco, Romania, Serbia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia
RECP Network in South-East Europe
Main Donors: Switzerland, Austria, Norway, Slovenia and EU
So far, (2006-2012) a total of 58 companies participated with about 30,000 employeesAverage savings per company: 100,000 EUR/yearAverage decrease of water consumption: 50,000 m3/yearAverage decrease in electrical power consumption: 500 MWh/yearAverage decrease in CO2 emission: 500 t/year60 National RECP Experts trained
RECP in Serbia
Green Industry Policy FrameworkPolicy options and practice measures for:An integrated framework to support greening of industriesCreating an enabling environmentIndustry-led initiativesHarnessing environmental technologiesInstrument mixes to promote the greening of industries
*Policy Lessons LearnedGreen Industry promotionCross-cuts multiple policy domainsManufacturing and industry sectorEnergy, Environment and Natural ResourcesScience and TechnologyEducation and TrainingBenefits from shared leadership by government, business and civil societyNational consensus and willingness and commitment to actNeeds to be grounded in policy context and informed by industrial practice
**Energy consumption has generally grown more slowly than economic activity as energy efficiency has improved and economies have shifted to less energy-intensive industries and services.Electricity use has outpaced GDP growth, particularly in developing countries, as access to electricity and the use of appliances have grown with rising living standards.Energy efficiency combined with increased use of natural gas and to a lesser extent nuclear and renewable energy have helped keep the growth in CO2 emissions slightly lower than the growth in energy consumption.Globally, per capita CO2 emissions remained roughly constant, as emissions grew at about the same rate as population.Since the early 1970s, particularly in developed countries, major investments in technologies to control SO2 emissions, combined with greater use of low-sulphur fuels, have contributed to reducing SO2 emissions.**Many industries use more materials and energy than their production processes require, due to continued use of obsolete and inefficient technologies and methodologies.
Producers and consumers have adopted patterns of production and consumption that do not take into consideration the limits of the planets available resources and its assimilative capacity for emissions, a situation further complicated by continued population growth.
Climate change is one main consequence, but loss of biodiversity, land degradation and desertification, air pollution, surface and groundwater pollution, chemical contamination are also important.
Current production systems are therefore unsustainable: they do not allow todays needs to be met without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet theirs.
Source: State of the world, 2008Innovation for a Sustainable Economy, Worldwatch Institute
*Green Industry Policy Advice Viet Nam (2011)July 2011Rene Van Berkel, UNIDO (r.vanberkel(a)unido.org)*All 15 opportunities:Building energy efficiencyIncreasing yields on large-scale farmsReducing food wasteReducing municipal water leakageUrban densification (leading to major transport efficiency gains)Higher energy efficiency in the iron and steel industryIncreasing yields on smallholder farmsIncreasing transport fuel efficiencyIncreasing the penetration of electric and hybrid vehiclesReducing land degradationImproving end-use steel efficiencyIncreasing oil and coal recoveryImproving irrigation techniquesShifting road freight to rail and bargeImproving power plant efficiency
*Green Industry Policy Advice Viet Nam (2011)July 2011Rene Van Berkel, UNIDO (r.vanberkel(a)unido.org)**