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Fluid in Motion

# Fluid in Motion. Ideal Fluid Ideal fluid is incompressible

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Fluid in

Motion

Ideal FluidIdeal fluid is incompressible

Ideal FluidIdeal fluid has no viscosity

Ideal FluidIdeal fluid has a laminar (nonturbulent) flow

Continuity of Flow

1 2

1 2

1 1 2 2

1 1 2 2

1 1 2 2

m m

V V

A x A x

Av t A v t

Av A v

As the air passes across the tube of perfume, the air pressure above it becomes lower, and the fluid (perfume) is pushed up the tube

Flying

Atmospheric pressure

Carburetor

Bernoulli’s Principle

Bernoulli’s Equation

2222

11

212

1nc mgymvmgymvW

To “lift water up” work is done

To “lift water up” work is done

Net work is done by the net force:

Net work is done by the net force:

Conservation of Total Energy (there are NC forces present)

A Venturi meter is a device that is used for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area is A2 = 0.0700 m2. The gas has a density of 1.30 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a cross-sectional area of A1 = 0.0500 m2 and has been substituted for a section of the larger pipe. The pressure difference between the two sections is P2 - P1 = 120 Pa. Find (a) the speed v2 of the gas in the larger, original pipe and (b) the volume flow rate Q of the gas.