# Fault Tree Analysis By Patrick Ackerson. Outline Why do we need fault tree analysis?Why do we need fault tree analysis? What is it?What is it? Why do

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• Slide 1
• Fault Tree Analysis By Patrick Ackerson
• Slide 2
• Outline Why do we need fault tree analysis?Why do we need fault tree analysis? What is it?What is it? Why do we use it?Why do we use it? Why this matters to youWhy this matters to you How it worksHow it works Bridgestone/FirestoneBridgestone/Firestone Brief exerciseBrief exercise SummarySummary
• Slide 3
• What Is Fault Tree Analysis? A common tool using graphics and statistics to analyze an event and predict how and how often it will failA common tool using graphics and statistics to analyze an event and predict how and how often it will fail Used in engineering and business to aid process and system developmentUsed in engineering and business to aid process and system development
• Slide 4
• Why Do We Use Fault Tree Analysis? Very easy to understandVery easy to understand Effective way to diagram problems in a systemEffective way to diagram problems in a system Helps to organize possible causes of a problem in the systemHelps to organize possible causes of a problem in the system
• Slide 5
• Example Of Fault Tree
• Slide 6
• Is Fault Tree A Tool For You? Does your company have problems in your system or process flow?Does your company have problems in your system or process flow? Does your system work under the worst case scenario?Does your system work under the worst case scenario? Do external forces effect your system?Do external forces effect your system?
• Slide 7
• Is Fault Tree A Tool For You? Yes!!
• Slide 8
• How Does It Work? Uses a variety of gates and events to explain the systemUses a variety of gates and events to explain the system Uses a top-down approach to its logicUses a top-down approach to its logic End result is at the top of the tree and what leads to that result follows under itEnd result is at the top of the tree and what leads to that result follows under it
• Slide 9
• And Gate One of main gates used The output above will occur if the two events below both occur
• Slide 10
• Or Gate The second main gate used The output above will occur if either of one or more events happens below
• Slide 11
• Three Main Events Primary EventPrimary Event Intermediate EventIntermediate Event Expanded EventExpanded Event
• Slide 12
• Primary Events Made up of basic, undeveloped, and external eventsMade up of basic, undeveloped, and external events A time in the event where the process or system might failA time in the event where the process or system might fail
• Slide 13
• Basic Event Nothing is leading up to the eventNothing is leading up to the event Can be like a machine breaking unexpectedlyCan be like a machine breaking unexpectedly A circle is used to represent the event in the fault treeA circle is used to represent the event in the fault tree
• Slide 14
• Undeveloped Event Events that dont have a major effect on the systemEvents that dont have a major effect on the system Also events that there is not enough information aboutAlso events that there is not enough information about Represented by a diamond in the fault treeRepresented by a diamond in the fault tree
• Slide 15
• External Event Expected to happenExpected to happen Not considered a faultNot considered a fault A house shape in a fault treeA house shape in a fault tree
• Slide 16
• Intermediate Event A combination of multiple different faultsA combination of multiple different faults Shown by rectangles in the fault treeShown by rectangles in the fault tree Sometimes linked by and/or gatesSometimes linked by and/or gates
• Slide 17
• Expanded Event Complex event that needs another fault tree to explainComplex event that needs another fault tree to explain The fault tree for the expanded event is not directly shown in current fault treeThe fault tree for the expanded event is not directly shown in current fault tree Shown by a triangle on the fault treeShown by a triangle on the fault tree
• Slide 18
• Bridgestone Firestone tires Faulty tires on S.U.V.s caused numerous accidentsFaulty tires on S.U.V.s caused numerous accidents Officially 148 deaths but estimates up to 250Officially 148 deaths but estimates up to 250 Mostly involved with the Ford ExplorerMostly involved with the Ford Explorer
• Slide 19
• Results Of Inquiry Four events that led to faulty tiresFour events that led to faulty tires Design problem in treadDesign problem in tread Faulty process in Decatur, IllinoisFaulty process in Decatur, Illinois Problem with Ford ExplorerProblem with Ford Explorer Customers dont take proper care of tiresCustomers dont take proper care of tires
• Slide 20
• Values Of Fault Tree For Firestone Preventing the error in the first placePreventing the error in the first place After the error in the tire was found, finding all the things that caused itAfter the error in the tire was found, finding all the things that caused it Preventing similar problems from happening againPreventing similar problems from happening again
• Slide 21
• The New Firestone Firestone advertise that they are a changed company Tries to get back old customers
• Slide 22
• Test Yourself What are the two major kinds of gates?What are the two major kinds of gates? What are the three main events?What are the three main events? A basic event is represented by a what?A basic event is represented by a what? True or False, an undeveloped event has a major impact on the system?True or False, an undeveloped event has a major impact on the system?
• Slide 23
• Test Yourself What are the two major kinds of gates? And/Or gatesWhat are the two major kinds of gates? And/Or gates What are the three main events? Primary, Independent, and Undeveloped What are the three main events? Primary, Independent, and Undeveloped A basic event is represented by a what? CircleA basic event is represented by a what? Circle True or False, an undeveloped event has a major impact on the system? FalseTrue or False, an undeveloped event has a major impact on the system? False
• Slide 24
• Summary Of Fault Tree Analysis An important toolAn important tool Simple to useSimple to use Graphics make it easy to understandGraphics make it easy to understand Each event is displayed by a unique shapeEach event is displayed by a unique shape Helps to prevent and correct errors in the systemHelps to prevent and correct errors in the system
• Slide 25
• Bibliography Bridgestone/Firestone, Firestone Homepage, 19992000, www.firestone.comBridgestone/Firestone, Firestone Homepage, 19992000, www.firestone.comwww.firestone.com Firestone Facts, www.firestone-facts.comFirestone Facts, www.firestone-facts.comwww.firestone-facts.com Foster, S. Thomas, Managing Quality: An Integrated Approach, (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice- Hall Inc. 2001)Foster, S. Thomas, Managing Quality: An Integrated Approach, (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice- Hall Inc. 2001) Garsten, Ed, Bridgestone/Firestone says its found answers in its dig for cause of tire failure,Dec 12,2000, http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/12/20/brid gestone.firestone/index.htmlGarsten, Ed, Bridgestone/Firestone says its found answers in its dig for cause of tire failure,Dec 12,2000, http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/12/20/brid gestone.firestone/index.htmlhttp://www.cnn.com/2000/US/12/20/brid gestone.firestone/index.htmlhttp://www.cnn.com/2000/US/12/20/brid gestone.firestone/index.html Relex Software Company, Fault Tree Analysis, www.fault-tree.comRelex Software Company, Fault Tree Analysis, www.fault-tree.com www.fault-tree.com