Exposing the Ivory Tower

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Hispanic Challenge for Equity Behind the Podium. American Association of Hispanics in Higher Education, Inc. Seventh Annual National Conference March 8-10, 2012 Costa Mesa, California, USA. Exposing the Ivory Tower. Current issues. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Exposing the Ivory TowerHispanic Challenge for Equity Behind the PodiumAmerican Association of Hispanics in Higher Education, Inc.Seventh Annual National ConferenceMarch 8-10, 2012Costa Mesa, California, USA

Increasing public controversy over limited diversity in higher education faculty & administration

Growing Hispanic student population vs. miniscule Hispanic faculty/administrators population

Limited Research/Data related to Hispanics in higher education faculty & administrative positions

Are Hispanic academics in a caste-like position?

Current issuesDemographic Trends- Hispanic Faculty & Admin.Macro PerspectiveMicro AnalysisWhy Reflect Current Hispanic Population in Higher Education Faculty & Administration?Barriers to Hispanic EquityObstacles & Ivory Tower GamesmanshipDeliberate vs. Unintentional DiscriminationStrategies & Action to Achieve Hispanic Equity

Hispanic faculty & administrators:EQUITY IN HIGHER EDUCATIONLinda Orozco, Ph.D.Professor, Ed. Leadership, Calif. State Univ., FullertonFormer Dean, Coastline Community College, CAFounder/President, Leadership Innovation

BY THE NUMBERSUS Population is 16.3% Hispanic. (Fastest growing pop. group in the US.)


BY THE NUMBERSPercentage of Hispanics by top StatesNew Mexico 46.5%California 37.7%Texas 37.7%%Florida 22.6Arizona 29.8Colorado 20.8%

0Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself. John Dewey

HISPANIC FACULTYBY THE NUMBERS3.9% of faculty* were Hispanic in 2009.3.5% of all full time faculty were Hispanic in 2007 (Chronicle of Higher Ed.)2.6% in 1997 (National Center for Education Statistics) 2.3% in 1993 (American Council on Education)

* Not designated full time

0BY THE NUMBERS2.9% of tenured faculty were Hispanic in 2006. [Lum]

Tenure rate for Latino males was 44%, compared to Latina female tenure rate of 38% in 1996.

The tenure rate for Latino/a undergraduate faculty declined by 19% from 1989-1996.


0Academic RankAmericanIndianAsianBlackHispanicWhiteProfessor. Professor. Professor.411. of Faculty Members byRank and Racial/Ethnic Group, 2009The Chronicle, 2011HISPANIC ADMINISTRATORSBY THE NUMBERS3.9% of college administrators were Hispanic in 2003.

Hispanic females outnumbers Hispanic males as administrators.Hispanic males outnumbered Hispanic females as presidents/chancellors

0HISPANIC PRESIDENTSBY THE NUMBERS4.6% of all college presidents were Hispanic in 2006 (ACE)

The overwhelming majority of Hispanic presidents serve at 2-year colleges. (61%)

31% of HSIs had Hispanic presidents. (2007)

0Compelling national interest/Economic self interestSocially just Equitable access for the public goodHigher Education as center of educational equityPrepare all students for a diverse societyContinuing evidence that a diverse faculty is important to success of a diverse student bodyEvidence that diverse faculty assists in the recruitment of students of color to higher educationNew scholarshipNew teaching approachesWhy Hispanic equity in Faculty & Admin?Micro level search committees, departments, chairs and deansHiring ProblemsMinority Burden (over-commitment to minority activities/teaching)Tenure IssuesRacism, classism and tokenismRetention IssuesIntraculture IssuesLack of Support GroupsPromotion ProblemsBarriers to hispanic equity?

Challenges in Measuring EquityPre-packaged Data = Shell Gamei.e. Higher Educationi.e. Full time Facultyi.e. Staff & AdministrationDATA MINING: HISPANICS in LEADERSHIPHigher EducationCommunity CollegesFour-year Public Colleges/UniversitiesResearch Universities

DATA MINING: HISPANICS & ACADEMIC RANKFull Time FacultyLecturersTenure-Track Assistant ProfessorsTenure-Track Associate ProfessorsTenured Assistant ProfessorsTenured Associate ProfessorsTenured Full Professors

DATA MINING: HISPANICS in LEADERSHIPStaff & AdministrationStaffManagerialAdministratorsDeansExecutivePresident

DATA MININGHow is the data currently packaged?Use Institutional Research OfficeHispanic Equity Report Card- Establish basic indicators of Hispanic equity throughout the institution: faculty (disaggregated by rank) & administration (disaggregated by executive, dean, admin, staff)

HSI: leaders in hispanic equity?6% of all colleges/universities are HispanicServing Institutions (HSI= over 25% Hispanic students) This 6% served 52% of all Hispanic undergraduates (2006). What is the Hispanic Equity Report Card of an HSI?CSUF: FULL time faculty trendYear% Hispanic Faculty% Hispanic StudentsHispanic FacultyFaculty2000na 21.9nana20017.8722.84557220025.8423.24678820035.8523.84576920045.4224.63971920055.2425.53974420065.8026.74781120074.8627.94286520084.8828.14286120095.6329.24885220106.5730.2558372011na 32.0na naHISPANIC Equity report CardCSUF - 201032% of All Students are Hispanic40% Incoming Freshman are Hispanic0/10 University Deans are Hispanic1/8 University Executives are Hispanic1% of Full Tenured Professors are Hispanic6% of Full Time faculty are HispanicNobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you equality or justice or anything. If youre a man, you take it. -Malcolm XStrategies TO Achieve Hispanic EquityIncrease the supply of Hispanics qualified for faculty & administrative positionsAdapt recruitment procedures to ensure a diverse set of candidatesFaculty developmentMentorshipsReview tenure & promotion processes to ensure the equitable treatment of Hispanic facultyConduct Exit interviews of Hispanic faculty, administrators leaving the institution

Strategies TO Achieve Hispanic EquityCreating equity at all levels of the organization begins at the topEngage stakeholders in critical dialogs regarding race/ethnic equity throughout the institutionCreate an Institutional Equity Report CardCommit to measureable goalsMonitor goals

Value of educationEducation makes a difference. A college graduate in the United States earns 79% more than their counterparts with only a secondary education. The global economic crisis disproportionately affects people without college degrees. (Labi, 2011)

Value of education37.7% of Hispanics 25 and over have not completed high school (compared to 12.9% for whites)

9.4% of Hispanics have a bachelors degree and 4% an advanced degree (compared to 20.6% and 11.2% for whites)

Value of education87% of Hispanics believe a college education is extremely or very important (compared to 78% of the overall US population) - Associated Press, 2010

True equity in higher education will only be achieved when the distribution of racial/ethnic groups among students, faculty and administrators mirrors that of the general population.

Linda Orozco, Ph.D.Professor, Educational LeadershipCalifornia State University, FullertonFounder/President, Leadership Innovation

Lorozco14@yahoo.comUSA Telephohe: (562) 368-4844