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  • Evaluation of the Liverpool Women’s Turnaround Project Ellie McCoy, Lisa Jones and Jim McVeigh

    February 2013

    creating homes

    promoting wellbeing

    empowering communities

    enhancing learning

    strengthening families

  • i

    Acknowledgments

    The authors would like to thank the following people for their assistance with and participation in this research: Sharon Cooper, the staff and clients at the Turnaround Project; Christine Barker, Debbie Wright, Sue Hadden, Rachael Stott and Liz Freeman from PSS; John Quick from Merseyside Probation Trust; The staff at the Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University: Helen Baldwin, Geoff Bates, Petra Collins and Joanne Campbell-Brown; Gergana Ganeva (MA Social Work Student); Nicola Greenwood from the National Offender Management Service; and Susan Neely and Stuart Dodd from Liverpool PCT.

    *The image and logos on the front and back cover were kindly provided by Rachael Stott; PSS.

  • ii

    Table of contents

    Executive Summary ................................................................................................................................. 1

    1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 6

    1.1 Women and offending ............................................................................................................ 6

    1.2 Alternatives to custody ........................................................................................................... 9

    1.3 The Turnaround Project ........................................................................................................ 11

    1.4 Research aims and objectives ............................................................................................... 13

    2 Methods ........................................................................................................................................ 14

    2.1 Ethical issues ......................................................................................................................... 14

    2.2 Recruitment strategy ............................................................................................................ 14

    2.3 Quantitative analysis ............................................................................................................. 15

    2.4 Qualitative analysis ............................................................................................................... 16

    2.4.1 Face to face interviews ................................................................................................. 16

    2.4.2 Telephone interviews .................................................................................................... 16

    2.5 Case studies .......................................................................................................................... 16

    3 Findings ......................................................................................................................................... 17

    3.1 Participant demographics 2011/12 ...................................................................................... 17

    Figure 1. Outcomes achieved 2011/12 ............................................................................................. 17

    3.2 Quantitative findings for reporting period 2012/13 ............................................................. 18

    3.2.1 Referral into the Turnaround Project ........................................................................... 19

    3.2.2 Demographics ............................................................................................................... 20

    3.2.3 Criminal Justice requirements ...................................................................................... 22

    3.2.4 Risk factors at assessment ............................................................................................ 22

    3.2.5 Activities accessed by the women ................................................................................ 23

    3.2.6 Needs at assessment ..................................................................................................... 24

    3.2.7 Outcomes achieved in the nine reducing reoffending pathways ................................. 25

    3.2.8 Closures ......................................................................................................................... 27

    3.3 Qualitative findings ............................................................................................................... 28

    3.3.1 “There’s all kinds here” – what programmes and activities do the females access? ............... 28

    3.3.2 “It’s someone to care for you” – communication and relationships with Turnaround staff .... 30

    3.3.3 “When you come here you know you have got help” – meeting the needs of the women ..... 31

    3.3.4 “More prizes for bingo” - recommendations ...................................................................... 36

    3.4 Case studies .......................................................................................................................... 37

    4 Discussion ...................................................................................................................................... 40

  • iii

    4.1 Summary of findings ............................................................................................................. 40

    4.1.1 Data monitoring ............................................................................................................ 41

    4.1.2 Preventing disengagement ........................................................................................... 43

    4.1.3 Importance of women’s involvement ........................................................................... 43

    4.1.4 Aftercare ....................................................................................................................... 44

    4.2 Research limitations .............................................................................................................. 44

    5 Conclusions and Recommendations ............................................................................................. 46

    5.1 Conclusions ........................................................................................................................... 46

    5.2 Recommendations ................................................................................................................ 46

    6 References .................................................................................................................................... 48

    7 Appendices .................................................................................................................................... 52

  • iv

    List of boxes

    Box 1. Summary of recommendations ................................................................................................... 5 Box 2. Nine lessons for the community ................................................................................................ 10 Box 3. Case study of research carried out at the Turnaround Project ................................................. 12 Box 4. Case study 1 ............................................................................................................................... 37 Box 5. Case study 2 ............................................................................................................................... 38 Box 6. Case study 3 ............................................................................................................................... 39

    List of tables

    Table 1. Activities accessed ................................................................................................................... 23 Table 2. Needs identified in the nine pathways ................................................................................... 24 Table 3. Outcomes achieved in the nine pathways .............................................................................. 25 Table 4. Numbers attending interviews and focus groups ................................................................... 28

    List of figures

    Figure 1. Outcomes achieved 2011/12 ................................................................................................. 17 Figure 3. Summary of referral routes into the Turnaround Project ..................................................... 19 Figure 2. Age of clients accessing the project in 2012 .......................................................................... 20 Figure 4. Pathway outcomes quarter 1 - 2012/13 ................................................................................ 27

    Appendices

    Appendix 1. Detailed ethics process ..................................................................................................... 52 Appendix 2. Participant information sheet 1 – initial information ....................................................... 53 Appendix 3. Participant information sheet and consent form 2 – face to face interviews .................. 55 Appendix 4. Participant informa

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