Essential Vocabulary and Commonly Confused Words

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Essential Vocabulary and Commonly Confused Words. 10 th Grade. Week 1 Vocab. 1. main idea —a single thought that serves as a paragraph’s focus, all sentences in the paragraph relate to this idea 2. redundancy —wordy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Essential Vocabulary and Commonly Confused Words10th Grade

  • Week 1 Vocab1. main ideaa single thought that serves as a paragraphs focus, all sentences in the paragraph relate to this idea2. redundancywordy3.transitional wordshelp a writers thoughts flow from one idea to the next 4.supporting detailsinclude sensory details, examples, anecdotes, facts, statistics and quotations5.paragrapha collection of related sentences dealing with one idea6. formal/informal languagerefers to a way of writing or speaking in a style dependent on the audience, purpose and occasionformal languagefollows the rules of standard Englishinformal languageuses casual, everyday language

  • Week 1 CCWa lot (many) allot (to distribute)Accept (take or receive) except (excluding)Affect (v: act upon/influence) effect (n: result)Already (previously)all ready (prepared)Alright (informal form of all right)all right (formal version of being ok.Altogether (entire/complete) all together (everyone at the same time)Break (divide into pieces)brake (in car)

  • Week 2 Vocab1. narrativetells a story2.tonethe attitude a writer takes toward the subject of the work, the characters in it, or the audience3.thesis statementstates the main idea of a composition4.precise language- refers to the use of precise verbs, nouns, and adjectives to make writing fresh and vivid; replaces vague language5.Six Traitsa focus on ideas and content, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency and conventions to create effective writing

  • Week 2 CCWcapitol (city head)capital (money) the Capitol (Washington DC)Cent (money) sent (give) scent (smell)Cite (sources) site (place) sight (seeing)Course (class) coarse (rough)

    Due (time)dew (water) do (action)Earn (deserve/receive) urn (vase for ashes)Emigrate (to leave your country) immigrateFlour (cooking) flower (rose, daisy, etc)

  • Week 3 Vocab1. moodthe overall emotion2.themethe insight about human life that is revealed3.imageryhelps the reader see, hear, feel, taste, and smell what is being described 4. autobiographythe account of the writers own life 5.ironythe discrepancy between appearances and reality; unexpectedverbal ironyoccurs when someone says the opposite of what he or she meanssituational ironyoccurs when what happens is the opposite of what was expected to happendramatic ironyoccurs when the reader or audience knows something that a character does not know; often used on the stage6. authors purposethe intention of the writer: entertain, describe, explain, or persuade7.inferencea logical guess that is based on observed facts and ones own knowledge and experience

  • Week 3 CCWHall (passage) haul (tow/pull)Hear (sound) here (now/place)Herd (group)heard (sound)Its (possessive pronoun) its (contraction for it is)

    Knot (tie) not (no)Know (understand) no (no)lead (guide)led (past tense of lead)Lone (single/one) loan (lend/give someone)

  • Week 4 Vocab1. expository/informative writingwriting used to define terms, give directions, explain processes, and tell how things work; presents or explains facts and ideas 2.descriptive writingsets a scene to introduce a character or to create a mood 3.compareto examine similarities4. contrastto show or emphasize differences5.causean event or action that leads directly to another event or action 6.effectthe direct or logical outcome of an event or action7. thesis statementstates the main idea of a composition

  • Week 4 CCWReview weeks 1-3

  • Week 51.shift in tense and formcombines different verb forms to show how events are related in time to emphasize them differently2.peer editthe process of having a classmate proofread and edit another classmates writing3.peer reviewthe comments and suggestions a classmate makes about another classmates writing4.self editthe process of proofreading and editing ones own writing

  • Week 5 CCWMade (forced/created) maid (female servant)Meet (encounter) meat (used as food)New (not used)knew (understood/learned)Adapt (change to fit) adopt (use ideas/family)advice (noun: guidance) advise (verb: give guidance

  • Week 6 Vocab1. precise language- refers to the use of precise verbs, nouns, and adjectives to make writing fresh and vivid; replaces vague language 2. vivid languagefull of life; intense3. persuasive techniquesto convince to think or act in a certain waylogical appealuses evidence such as facts or statisticsemotional appealuses words that arouse strong feelingsethical appealsestablishes a writers qualifications and sincerity using ethics

  • CCW Week 6Among (surrounded by) between (in middle/divided)Anyway (no matter what happens) anywhere (in, at, to any place)Nowhere (not anywhere) somewhere (unspecified space)Borrow (take and give back) lend (give on loan)

  • Week 7 Vocab1.figure of speechword or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and that is not meant to be taken literally2.similea figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles3.personificationa figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes 4.metaphora figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles

  • CCW Week 7 can (ability to)may (permission)choose (to select between options)chose (past tense of choose)dessert (sweet food after dinner)desert (dry place/leave)Farther (distance) further (advanced point)

  • Week 8 Vocab 1. archetypea very old, imaginative pattern that appears in literature across cultures and is repeated through the ages; can be a character, a plot, an image, a theme, or a setting 2. atmospherethe mood or feeling created in a piece of writing 3. moodthe overall emotion created in a piece of writing 4.symbola person, a place, a thing, or an event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself

  • Week 8 CCWImply (suggest)infer (derive by reasoning)Lay (v: place something)lie (v: state of placement)Learn ( to aquire knowledge/skill)teach (impart knowledge/skill

  • Week 10 Vocab1.skimto glance throughout without reading word for word2. scanto look at closely3. synthesizeto combine parts and elements to become a whole4. plagiarizeto pass off someone elses work as your own5. critiquea critical analysis or review6.citeto quote7. literalfollows the wording of the original8. interpretto explain or to translate

  • Week 10 CCWLoose not boundLose fail to keepQuiet no noise Quite completely, trulyleave to goLet to allow or permitLike of the same formas if as it would be if

    Majority more than half a numberMost greatest numberAlmost very nearly allOf - preposition used to add informationHave possess, own

  • Week 12 Vocab1. parablea relatively short story that teaches a lesson or a moral about how to live the good life2.context cluesto find clues to the meaning of a unfamiliar word3.adverbial clausea subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb4.archaicold language

  • Week 12 CCWOur (people)hour (time)Piece (section)Peace (not fighting)Plane (in the air) plain (not decorated)Rain (water) rein (restraint) reign (power)Rode (past tense of ride) road (street, highway)

  • Week 13 Vocab1.settingthe time and location in which a story takes place2.climaxthe point in the plot that creates the greatest intensity, suspense, or interest3.repetitionunifying property of repeated words, sounds, syllables, and other elements that appear in a work

  • Week 13 CCWReal (authentic) really (actually)Set (to put) sit (physically be seated)Than (comparison)then (happens next)Good (used as adjective) well (used as adverb)

  • Week 14 Vocab1. metera pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry2.stanzaa group of consecutive lines that form a structural unit in a poem3. foota metrical unit of poetry4. alliterationthe repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that a close together

  • Week 14 CCWPier (dock) peer (gaze)Principal (of school) principle (standard)Raise (lift)rise (climb, go up)Sale (deal, lower price)sell(to put for purchase)Sail (glide in boat)cell (small room)

  • Week 15 Vocab1.poetrya form of creative writing that emphasizes language and imagery2.genrea kind or type of literature3.analysisa detailed examination4.misplaced modifiera modifying word, phrase or clause that sound awkward because it modifies the wrong word or group of words5.dangling modifiera modifying word, phrase, or clause that does not sensibly modify any word or words in a sentence

  • Week 15 CCWSince (used in time) sense (logic) cents (money)Seen (past of see)scene (picture/view)Stationary (motionless)stationery (writing paper/materials)

  • Week 16 Vocab1.tragedya story in which a heroic character either dies or comes to an unhappy end2.antagonistis the opponent who struggles against or blocks the hero, or protagonist, in a story3.superstitionany thought that is inconsistent with known facts or rational thoughts4.foot notesa note of comment or reference at the bottom of a page5.culturethe skills, arts, etc. of a given people, in a given period, civilization6.assassinationthe act of murder by an assassin7.appendixadditional material at the end of a book that serves as supplementary material

  • Week 171.sarcasma taunting or caustic remark, generally ironic2.understatementa statement that says less than what is meant3.motive/motivationthe reason/s for a characters behavior (EOL p.1388)4.imagerythe use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, a thing, a place, or an experience