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English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class • Review + M-U-F • Descriptive vs prescriptive grammar • Brief history of English • Form activities • Homework assignment Website: edwardtesol.com (password: english)

English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

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Page 1: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

English Grammar (Teaching)

Today’s class

• Review + M-U-F

• Descriptive vs prescriptive grammar

• Brief history of English

• Form activities

• Homework assignment

Website: edwardtesol.com (password: english)

Page 2: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Teaching vocabulary and grammar

1

2

3

M-U-F framework

Page 3: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Can you play the piano?

Can you open the window?

How is the meaning of these sentences different?

Is the form different or the same?

M-U-F examplesREVIEW

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M-U-F examples

“The dog’s b*llocks.”

“The bee’s knees.”

These are British idioms that mean “good/amazing”

Notice that the form and the meaning are the same. However, one of these is rude and should not be used in polite settings. This means the “use” is different.

REVIEW

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M-U-F examples

“What’s the time?”

“Have you got the time?”

According to the M-U-F framework, how are these expressions the same and different?

Which part of the M-U-F framework is different?

Homework Review

REVIEW

Page 6: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

The form of words: Prefix / Suffix / Base wordKnowing these can help with guessing the meaning of new words.

REVIEW

Page 7: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Can you think of any more similar examples of words with ‘port’?

The form of words: Prefix / Suffix / Base wordREVIEW

Page 8: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Answers!

PrefixesREVIEW

Page 9: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

How can we express meaning?

make the context clear images photos

diagrams video mime

dialogue examples

For TeachersREVIEW

Page 10: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Activities for use

CLT activities information gap

information transfer jigsaw reading

survey discussion / debate sharing opinions problem-solving

For TeachersREVIEW

Page 11: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Form-focused tasks (conscious-raising / noticing tasks)

• identifying • judging • completing • modifying • sorting • matching • rule provision (guessing a rule)

From: http://linguistics.uoregon.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Cho-Sojung-Aug-11.pdf

For TeachersREVIEW

Page 12: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

always

subject adverb verb predicate

I always usually

sometimes never

eat peanut butter on toast for breakfast

1. MEANING

2. USE

3. FORM

What techniques or activities are suitable for each stage?

M T W T F S S

✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓

100% ALWAYS0% NEVER 50% SOMETIMES

“I always do my homework. I never play computer games”

Page 13: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Practice task

In your groups discuss activities for each each of the expressions below using M-U-F framework.

1. prepositions of place: in, on, under…

2. ‘at’ preposition of time: at 7:00pm, at lunchtime, at bedtime)

3. possessive pronouns: my, his, hers

4. sports + can: I can play tennis, basketball, golf…

5. transportation + go to: I go to school by car, by bike, by subway…

6. present perfect about experiences: I’ve been to Paris, I’ve eaten sushi…

MEANING USE FORM

how? activity? activity?

Page 14: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Prescriptive grammar vs. Descriptive grammar

(think about the double negative in the statement)

Page 15: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Prescriptive grammar is prescribed by rules.

Descriptive grammar describes how people

really use language

Page 16: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Which is correct?

I am older than her. / I am older than she.

Descriptive Explanation “than her”: Subject pronouns (she, he, it, and so on) are paired with a verb, whereas object pronouns (her, him, it, and so on) are not. Since the phrase "than her" doesn't have a verb we can see or hear, some speakers choose an object pronoun in the context.

Prescriptive Explanation “than she”: 'than' is a conjunction; it joins two like forms: "I am older" with "she is older", giving "I am older than she is older", but speakers omit the last part "is older" because it's redundant. Nevertheless, according to prescriptive grammar, 'than' functions as a conjunction, so speakers should use "she" in that context.

Page 17: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Descriptive verb conjugation

“to be”

I … You … He … She … It … We … They …

http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/sounds/regional-voices/grammatical-variation/

Page 18: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uctPoDujEM4

http://weloveaccents.co.uk/category/black-country-brummie-accents/page/2/

The Black Country

Page 19: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Q: How is Korean language use changing in younger generations?

Descriptive grammar is also influenced by younger generations.

Page 20: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Have you ever wondered why English is such a strange language with many different rules,

strange spellings, and irregularities?

Why do you think English is like this?

…because English is a Frankenstein language!

Page 21: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

The History of Britain: The Celts, 8th century BC onwards

Loan Words:

basketcar (chariot)clock (bell)hooliganpetdad

Page 22: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Romans (Latin), 1st ~ 4th century

Loan Words:

agriculturediplomadistributedramainstructorinvestigatemuseummoderator

Page 23: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Anglo-Saxons (the Germanic tribes), 5th century onwards

Loa

Loan Words:- arm, bone, chest, ear, eye, foot- day, month, moon, sun, year- cow, dog, fish, goat, sheep- do, eat, go, help, kiss, love, see

Page 24: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

The Norman Conquest, 1066

Loan Words:

- parliament, government, crown- treasure, wage, poverty- army, castle, tower- costume, gown, beauty, colour, design- stew, grill, roast, bacon- uncle, aunt, nephew, cousin

Page 25: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Other influences

Spanish: avocado, cafeteria, barbecue, mosquito, vanillaItalian: model, cartoon, brilliant, pilot, volcano, cello, violin

Native American: chipmunk, igloo, moose, pecan, kayakChinese: ketchup, tofu, typhoon, tea, silk

Indian: avatar, bungalow, cheetah, jungle, khaki, pyjamasAfrican languages: banjo, chimpanzee, jazz, zombie

Words with Arabic origin

Page 26: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

‘The History of English in 10 Minutes’https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=njJBw2KlIEo

This video can be found on YouTube. You can find transcripts online if the speech is too quick.

Page 27: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Ideas for Practicing Grammar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CWB_hxeoyU

Page 28: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Teaching grammar to young learners. Example activity:

happy

sad

angry

Page 29: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Teaching grammar to young learners. Example activity:

Is he angry? No he isn’t.

He is _____.

Page 30: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Teaching grammar to young learners. Example activity:

Is she happy? No ___ isn’t.

She ___ ______.

Page 31: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Teaching grammar to young learners. Example activity:

Is the monkey sad? No it ____.

It ___ ______.

Page 32: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Can you guess my sentence?

Is the [animal] [feeling]?

Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

Grid game

Page 33: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Grid game for higher level students

Page 34: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Sentence Mimes

This activity is good for practicing sentence order (grammar). Choose a simple sentence and create an action for each word. For example:

I [point to eye] like [make/point to heart] cats [make a paw]. What other animals can we put in this sentence with actions?

We [draw a circle] are [bend finger] reading books [act reading]. What other hobbies can we act with this sentence?

What does this mean? [draw a circle] [make/point to heart] [make a paw]

In your groups choose a sentence and make mimes to teach the class. Can we make any new sentences with our new actions?

Page 35: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Intermediate example activities

If it rains tomorrow,

If it is sunny tomorrow,

I will…

I will…

Page 36: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Example activities: Focus on Form

Finish these sentences:

• If she goes to the party, she will…

• If we practice a lot, we will…

• She will marry him if he…

• I will buy you a sandwich if you…

Page 37: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Example activities: Focus on Form

1. Take a paper slip and find your sentence partner (see PDF).

2. Complete the worksheet.

3. Do the survey with your partner (see PDF).

Page 38: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Grammar activity: Card Game with Present Perfect tense

1. Mix the cards face down.

2. Take it in turns turning over 2 cards.

3. If the two parts of the cards make a sentence, you can keep the two cards.

4. The player with the most cards at the end wins the game.

Page 39: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Homework 1: Watch on YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6dmSdO-6WEU

Page 40: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Homework 2:

Page 41: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Homework 2:

Here is a syllabus from Chapter 3: Grammar for Intermediate Learners in Practical English Language Teaching: Grammar by David Nunan. A copy of the full chapter is available on my website for reference.

In class, we will arrange a unit for each of you from the syllabus. This means that each of you will have a different grammar point. If you are absent from class, then you can choose any unit.

For Week 7 (after Chuseok), you need to prepare a grammar activity for your unit’s grammar point. The grammar activity can be created by you or from a website or textbook. The grammar activity can be in the form of a worksheet, survey, information gap, word cards, board game, guessing game, or any other format that you think is suitable for your target language. Take a look at the full Chapter 3 file from my website to get some ideas.

Page 42: English Grammar (Teaching) Today’s class - … · English Grammar (Teaching) ... speakers should use "she" in that context. Descriptive verb ... Learners in Practical English Language

Homework 2:

Here are some online resources where you may be able to find materials and ideas:

http://busyteacher.org/

https://en.islcollective.com/

In Week 7 class, you will present and explain your activity in small groups, perhaps with a short demonstrate to help others understand.