Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities

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Cold homes and climate change. Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities. Institute of Sustainability, Health and the Environment University of the West of England 21 April 2009 Simon Roberts Chief Executive Centre for Sustainable Energy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities Cold homes and climate change Institute of Sustainability, Health and the EnvironmentUniversity of the West of England 21 April 2009 Simon Roberts Chief Executive Centre for Sustainable Energy

  • Human history is a race between education and catastrophe

    HG Wells

  • Never underestimate the power of the human mind to invent new ways to use energy

    Prof Tadj Oreszczyn Director of UCL Energy Institute

  • Source :Tina Fawcett PhD UCL

  • Do we knowwhat constitutes a safe and healthy internal temperature? the impact of cold homes on social exclusion and educational achievement?how best to reduce the misery of cold homes?

  • Distribution of CO2 emissions & income

    EHCS & EfS Income Deciles

    2005 EHCS - Full Annual Income2002 to 2005 EfS - Weekly Disposable Income2002 to 2005 EfS - Annual Disposable Income

    South WestSouth WestSouth West

    Annual full household income ()Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable Income

    Full Income DecCountMedianMinimumMaximumMeanDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian

    1186,3296,5382,0828,1706,3331940.012710814,9060.06,6155,626

    2145,0189,2198,2169,9759,160216012819216128,3296,6709,9888,350

    3196,80611,02910,00912,24011,1293222193252221311,52310,02713,08411,497

    4190,50913,30912,25514,62613,4064286252320285414,85113,10116,66114,833

    5203,28116,04714,66317,43316,0195361323397362518,78016,81620,61918,825

    6260,54819,21817,45520,89219,1976437397478436622,73820,66224,84722,687

    7271,66923,08720,92125,55823,0097521478574517727,08624,88229,83326,873

    8284,53128,18325,58131,89028,4628628575697625832,67729,91736,25132,485

    9236,45436,77231,90642,17236,7319784698905774940,74536,28247,07940,251

    10207,38349,65942,217247,74460,107101,2399115,3081,1261064,41947,363276,01058,548

    EnglandUKUK

    Annual full household income ()Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable Income

    Full Income DecCountMedianMinimumMaximumMeanDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian

    11,898,9076,4861,4678,1926,409191-1,76312810614,723-91,6986,6475,514

    21,617,1639,1538,1989,9919,114216112819216128,3666,6529,9978,395

    31,808,51511,1509,99212,24111,1523221192252221311,49310,00213,09511,470

    41,761,44413,38712,24214,63613,4084285252321284414,83313,10016,67014,755

    51,996,98615,97314,63817,45115,9965359321397358518,65516,67020,64418,634

    62,143,99619,18517,45420,91719,1416436397478436622,69020,66024,86522,646

    72,261,58523,10020,91725,57823,1287525478574524727,28824,86929,83327,240

    82,459,03528,50025,58031,89728,6258631574698630832,83429,83436,27332,747

    92,564,31336,63731,89842,21636,6619790698907784941,09136,27647,13840,762

    102,622,27552,57342,217991,62062,223101,35190723,8981,1341070,24047,1401,242,68258,963

    South EastSouth East

    Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable Income

    Disposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian

    186-1,76312810914,495-91,6986,6405,690

    216012819216028,3106,6699,9978,320

    3221193252222311,47910,02413,08311,568

    4288252320287414,97413,11016,64214,949

    5357321396356518,58616,68220,61618,519

    6438397478436622,76120,66124,86022,686

    7529479573529727,48924,88829,81027,504

    8630574697625832,76529,85936,26732,488

    9795698906792941,35936,27647,11541,184

    101,42090720,2041,1881073,83047,1891,050,61261,753

    Chart1

    584.86601859893650.88256370564235.7485823045

    815.71729447224279.46359599325095.1808904654

    1389.07893108984411.78530161645800.8642327062

    1622.40043513964651.77422485066274.1746599902

    2007.6106529745497.59241959527505.2030725692

    2668.38077485335417.03437378578085.415148639

    2741.01669391065874.06284027668615.0795341872

    3071.40714355326212.44201324739283.8491568005

    4141.91933464547494.953020629711636.8723552751

    5030.76235081179860.778790812914891.5411416246

    Road Transport

    Household

    Domestic Total

    Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)

    Kg CO2

    Chart2

    0.65138589233.61533104374.266716936

    0.54909160763.69381232374.2429039314

    0.90846207614.22135724315.1298193192

    1.6583438664.79738642336.4557302892

    1.85457609094.89207327256.7466493633

    2.58731677975.58505905628.1723758359

    2.98449381175.87693496428.8614287759

    3.50894464356.839505756610.3484504001

    3.58920979386.733806242210.323016036

    4.79179430598.812727547413.6045218533

    Road Transport

    Household

    Domestic Total

    Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)

    t CO2

    England

    4.18655532193.67637542380.5101798981

    4.82850901184.14626778050.6822412313

    5.84953287174.79257640021.0569564715

    6.5392686045.09035795351.4489106505

    7.530644235.53202018911.9986240409

    8.31746986355.9503817482.3670881155

    8.97656112946.19788531452.7786758149

    9.95371274146.67845891833.275253823

    11.18184351847.328287643.8535558784

    13.65820999488.89567226584.762537729

    Domestic Total

    Household

    Road Transport

    Disposable Income Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)

    tonnes of CO2 per adult (decile average)

    EfS Emissions Profiles

    2002 to 2005 EfS - Emissions profiles

    South West only

    Disposable Income Deciled Emissions

    Built FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of rooms

    Weekly disposable income () (Binned)

    Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or more

    Road Transport5858161,3891,6222,0082,6682,7413,0714,1425,031Road Transport3,0572,4122,2691,2171,885Road Transport9262,1463,3661,9841,643Road Transport1,5871,4472,4873,6422,0453,360Road Transport1,1921,5612,0372,4243,1423,6463,871

    Household3,6514,2794,4124,6525,4985,4175,8746,2127,4959,861Household8,1695,3964,6032,7825,643Household3,4004,0306,3696,4424,071Household3,6843,2545,28914,3183,9146,633Household2,0893,5895,2155,3296,6089,32911,066

    Domestic Total4,2365,0955,8016,2747,5058,0858,6159,28411,63714,892Domestic Total11,2267,8086,8713,9997,528Domestic Total4,3266,1769,7358,4275,714Domestic Total5,2724,7017,77717,9605,9599,993Domestic3,2825,1507,2527,7539,75012,97414,937

    South East only

    Disposable Income Deciled Emissions

    Built FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of rooms

    Weekly disposable income () (Binned)

    Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or more

    Road Transport6515499081,6581,8552,5872,9843,5093,5894,792Road Transport3,0682,6352,5791,2532,156Road Transport1,2012,3043,4581,9751,456Road Transport1,7361,4922,5803,9342,5792,921Road Transport1,2211,7952,4182,4803,1293,4184,040

    Household3,6153,6944,2214,7974,8925,5855,8776,8406,7348,813Household8,3105,7194,8263,0496,592Household3,1464,3026,4156,4455,914Household4,4023,1325,53117,4904,1466,224Household2,5573,7574,9955,8297,1227,92411,880

    Domestic Total4,2674,2435,1306,4566,7478,1728,86110,34810,32313,605Domestic Total11,3778,3547,4044,3028,748Domestic Total4,3476,6069,8738,4207,371Domestic Total6,1384,6238,11121,4246,7249,145Domestic3,7785,5527,4128,31010,25111,34115,920

    UK only

    Disposable Income Deciled Emissions

    Built FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of rooms

    Weekly disposable income () (Binned)

    Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or more

    Road Transport5106821,0571,4491,9992,3672,7793,2753,8544,763Road Transport3,3042,4652,0051,0272,163Road Transport8901,8213,3001,9681,693Road Transport1,6181,3862,3113,5262,2432,835Road Transport8001,4802,0172,4553,0033,6334,286

    Household3,6764,1464,7935,0905,5325,9506,1986,6787,3288,896Household8,5505,8565,0733,2957,449Household3,6604,4666,6776,5375,284Household4,5423,1975,45615,2405,9507,219Household2,6444,0035,2486,0007,3618,81411,418

    Domestic Total4,1874,8295,8506,5397,5318,3178,9779,95411,18213,658Domestic Total11,8548,3217,0784,3229,612Domestic Total4,5506,2879,9778,5056,977Domestic Total6,1604,5837,76718,7668,19310,054Domestic3,4445,4837,2658,45510,36412,44715,704

    South East only

    Disposable Income Deciled EmissionsMain heating fuel

    Weekly disposable income () (Binned)

    Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOther

    Road Transport0.650.550.911.661.852.592.983.513.594.79Road Transport1.741.492.583.932.582.92

    Household3.623.694.224.804.895.595.886.846.738.81Household4.403.135.5317.494.156.22

    Domestic Total4.274.245.136.466.758.178.8610.3510.3213.60Domestic Total6.144.628.1121.426.729.14

    UK only

    Disposable Income Deciled Emissions

    Weekly disposable income () (Binned)

    Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910

    Road Transport0.510.681.061.452.002.372.783.283.854.76

    Household3.684.154.795.095.535.956.206.687.338.90

    Domestic Total4.194.835.856.547.538.328.989.9511.1813.66

    Income Deciles cross tabs

    Opportunities by income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCS

    Type of wall and insulation * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation

    Annual full household income () (Binned)

    Type of wall and insulation12345678910TotalType of wall and insulation7 to 10Total

    cavity with insulation61,21969,83372,30284,90297,645108,280122,241117,743129,580198,4681,062,213cavity with insulation568,032638,208

    26%35%31%36%34%31%31%31%28%30%31%30.0%29.2%

    cavity uninsulated101,41586,754113,773104,692112,502169,671188,473197,790221,333316,7311,613,134cavity uninsulated924,327960,048

    44%44%49%45%40%49%48%52%48%48%47%48.8%44.0%

    Solid69,46241,35945,31445,42473,63866,05578,52367,747105,859149,569742,950Solid401,698584,272

    30%21%20%19%26%19%20%18%23%22%22%21.2%26.8%

    Total232,096197,946231,389235,018283,785344,006389,237383,280456,772664,7683,418,297Total1,894,0572,182,528

    100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%

    Loft insulation thickness * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation`

    Annual full household income () (Binned)

    Loft insulation thickness12345678910TotalType of wall and insulation7 to 10Total

    none6,74611,4627,6376,91110,67010,70210,3959,60417,26917,896109,292none55,16474,711

    4%7%4%3%4%3%3%3%4%3%4%3.1%3.8%

    less than 100mm62,45038,30875,60558,10672,18497,117111,635115,783148,413188,582968,183less than 100mm564,413508,021619,577

    34%24%38%28%29%31%31%32%35%29%31%31.2%25.7%

    100 up to 150mm83,61071,58481,23393,126101,308137,606179,227157,990170,495282,3731,358,552100 up to 150mm790,085784,613

    46%45%41%45%41%44%49%44%40%43%44%43.7%40%

    150mm or more29,55139,34835,28450,67465,13167,76662,99275,56788,206171,223685,742150mm or more397,988611,267

    16%24%18%24%26%22%17%21%21%26%22%22.0%30.9%

    Total182,357160,702199,759208,817249,293313,191364,249358,944424,383660,0743,121,769Total1,807,6501,978,612

    100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100.0%100%

    Tenure * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation

    Annual full household income () (Binned)

    Tenure12345678910Total

    owner occupied152,55795,738143,402139,398184,447241,230309,592311,624393,930616,0632,587,981

    66%48%62%59%65%70%80%81%86%93%76%

    private rented28,28521,67229,07731,58745,71944,78649,20544,40542,37544,414381,525

    12%11%13%13%16%13%13%12%9%7%11%

    local authority24,97438,38224,62328,35523,12122,8528,71311,3266,3841,502190,232

    11%19%11%12%8%7%2%3%1%0%6%

    RSL26,28042,15434,28735,67830,49835,13821,72715,92514,0832,789258,559

    11%21%15%15%11%10%6%4%3%0%8%

    Total232,096197,946231,389235,018283,785344,006389,237383,280456,772664,7683,418,297

    100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%

    Heating deciles cross tabs

    Opportunities by heating fuel and income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCS

    Loft opportunity by heating fuel and income decile

    Loft insulation thickness

    Annual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typenoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreTotal

    1gas fired system6,74651,11767,09422,025146,982

    5%35%46%15%100%

    oil fired system0.01,9411,8242,3786,143

    0%32%30%39%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.00.00.01,3161,316

    0%0%0%100%100%

    electrical system0.08,86212,9123,83225,606

    0%35%50%15%100%

    2gas fired system10,10534,20559,61829,150133,078

    8%26%45%22%100%

    oil fired system0.00.00.01,0741,074

    0%0%0%100%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.07862,2320.03,018

    0%26%74%0%100%

    electrical system1,3573,3176,2839,12420,081

    7%17%31%45%100%

    3gas fired system2,62566,17370,64732,945172,390

    2%38%41%19%100%

    oil fired system1,3700.02,0060.03,376

    41%0%59%0%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.01,8472,5910.04,438

    0%42%58%0%100%

    electrical system3,6426,9942,6681,22814,532

    25%48%18%8%100%

    4gas fired system5,26852,20281,73245,387184,589

    3%28%44%25%100%

    oil fired system0.00.06550.0655

    0%0%100%0%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.04,4644341,3586,256

    0%71%7%22%100%

    electrical system1,6431,4408,4563,92915,468

    11%9%55%25%100%

    5gas fired system5,92162,32587,25957,500213,005

    3%29%41%27%100%

    oil fired system7872,9401,9005,05310,680

    7%28%18%47%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.08772,0530.02,930

    0%30%70%0%100%

    electrical system3,9626,04210,0962,57822,678

    17%27%45%11%100%

    6gas fired system7,89291,195106,98253,319259,388

    3%35%41%21%100%

    oil fired system0.01,8815,4552,1649,500

    0%20%57%23%100%

    solid fuel fired system8940.02,5601,3614,815

    19%0%53%28%100%

    electrical system1,9164,04122,2049,94338,104

    5%11%58%26%100%

    7gas fired system8,043102,142171,40459,537341,126

    2%30%50%17%100%

    oil fired system0.05,8331,4051,3538,591

    0%68%16%16%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.00.00.00.00.0

    0%0%0%0%0%

    electrical system2,3523,6606,4182,10214,532

    16%25%44%14%100%

    8gas fired system8,533104,064144,00666,816323,419

    3%32%45%21%100%

    oil fired system0.03,9236,6942,98413,601

    0%29%49%22%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.00.00.0316316

    0%0%0%100%100%

    electrical system1,0717,7965,6485,45119,966

    5%39%28%27%100%

    9gas fired system12,510128,194156,64876,480373,832

    3%34%42%20%100%

    oil fired system3,39512,5415,3276,89528,158

    12%45%19%24%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.01,4410.04911,932

    0%75%0%25%100%

    electrical system1,3646,2377,8834,34019,824

    7%31%40%22%100%

    10gas fired system15,780165,945259,839152,822594,386

    3%28%44%26%100%

    oil fired system2,11618,27519,00615,28554,682

    4%33%35%28%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.02,5770.01,2973,874

    0%5%0%2%7%

    electrical system0.01,7853,5281,8197,132

    0%25%49%26%100%

    Cavity opportunity by heating fuel and income decile

    Type of wall and insulation

    Annual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typecavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedotherTotal

    1gas fired system46,53272,76252,697171,991

    27%42%31%100%

    oil fired system2,3783,7659357,078

    34%53%13%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.00.01,3161,316

    0%0%100%100%

    electrical system12,30919,91012,75044,969

    27%44%28%100%

    2gas fired system49,96349,963

    100%0%0%100%

    oil fired system0.00.01,0741,074

    0%0%100%100%

    solid fuel fired system0.02,5931,3713,964

    0%65%35%100%

    electrical system14,56712,8405,00...

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