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  • Engaging Middle Years Students in Learning

    Transforming Middle Years

    Education in Manitoba

  • E n g a g i n g M i d d l E Y E a r s s t u d E n t s i n l E a r n i n g

    transforming Middle Years Education in Manitoba

    2010

    Manitoba Educat ion

  • Manitoba Education Cataloguing in Publication Data

    Engaging middle years students in learning [electronic resource] : transforming middle years education in Manitoba

    Includes bibliographical references.

    ISBN-13: 978-0-7711-4476-9

    1. Middle school education—Manitoba. 2. Middle school teaching—Manitoba. 3. Middle school students—Manitoba. I. Manitoba. Manitoba Education. 373.236097127

    Manitoba Education School Programs Division Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

    Every effort has been made to acknowledge original sources and to comply with copyright law. If cases are identified where this has not been done, please notify Manitoba Education. Errors or omissions will be corrected in a future edition. Sincere thanks to the authors and publishers who allowed their original material to be used.

    All images found in this document are copyright protected and should not be extracted, accessed, or reproduced for any purpose other than for their intended educational use in this document.

    Any websites referenced in this document are subject to change. Educators are advised to preview and evaluate websites and online resources before recommending them for student use.

    Ce document est disponible en français.

    Print copies of this resource can be purchased from the Manitoba Text Book Bureau (stock number 80660). Order online at .

    This resource is available on the Manitoba Education website at .

    Websites are subject to change without notice.

  • C O n t E n t s

    Acknowledgements v

    Introduction 1

    Purpose and Audience 1

    Key Action Areas to Improve Middle Years Education 2

    Middle Years Education in Manitoba 3

    Current Realities in Middle Years Education in Manitoba 3

    Understanding of and Commitment to Young Adolescents 3

    Responsive Teaching and Learning Experiences 4

    Learning Relationships 5

    Student Voice and Choice 6

    Community Involvement 6

    Understanding the Need for Transformation 7

    Why Do We Need to Transform Middle Years Education? 7

    What Is Student Engagement? 8

    Engaging Students in Learning: Key Actions 11

    1. Develop a Deeper Understanding of Young Adolescents 11

    What Is Unique about Young Adolescent Development? 11

    What Challenges Do Young Adolescents Face? 13

    2. Provide More Responsive Teaching and Learning Experiences 18

    What Is Meant By Responsive Teaching and Learning Experiences? 19

    How Do Responsive Teaching and Learning Occur in Action? 21

    3. Nurture Stronger Learning Relationships 23

    What Are Learning Relationships? 23

    How Do Educators Build Learning Relationships? 23

    4. Increase Student Voice and Choice 25

    What Is Meant By Student Voice and Choice? 25

    Why Increase Student Voice and Choice? 25

    C o n t e n t s iii

  • E n g a g i n g M i d d l e Y e a r s s t u d e n t s i n l e a r n i n giv

    5. Strengthen Community Involvement 27

    Why Should Community Involvement Be Strengthened? 27

    Transforming Middle Years Education 28

    Implications for School Boards and School Division Administrators 28

    Implications for School Administrators and Leaders 29

    Implications for Teachers 30

    Summary 33

    Bibliography 35

  • a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s v

    a C k n O W l E d g E M E n t s

    Manitoba Education gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following individuals, committees, and organizations in the development and review of Engaging Middle Years Students in Learning: Transforming Middle Years Education in Manitoba.

    Principal Writer John Macbeth

    Contributing Writers Val Noseworthy Project Leader (since August 2008)

    Learning Support and Technology Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Linda Mlodzinski Project Leader (2007–2008) Manager

    Development Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Renée Gillis Consultant

    Bureau de l’éducation française Division

    Shelley Hasinoff Coordinator

    Independent Education Unit Education Administration Services

    Linda Thorlakson Consultant

    Assessment Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Contributing Student Writers

    Middle Years Students École Leila North Community Seven Oaks School Division

    Teacher Facilitators Alyssa Rajotte École Leila North Community Seven Oaks School Division

    Tannis Silver École Leila North Community Seven Oaks School Division

    Reviewers Manitoba Middle Years Association

    Year 5 Teacher Candidates Faculty of Education, University of Winnipeg Course: Teaching Social Studies in the Middle Years

    Joan Bartley Independent Consultant

    Thomas Chaput Teacher

    St. John’s High School Winnipeg School Division

    Warren Dahl Teacher

    Bernie Wolfe School River East Transcona School Division

    Anne-Marie Dooner Vice-Principal

    Leila North Community School Seven Oaks School Division

    Jean-Francois Godbout Principal

    St. Adolphe School Seine River School Division

  • E n g a g i n g M i d d l e Y e a r s s t u d e n t s i n l e a r n i n gvi

    Dave Mandzuk Associate Dean

    Faculty of Education University of Manitoba

    Colleen Nick-Johnson Consultant

    River East Transcona School Division

    Blair Peppler Principal

    École Leila North Community Seven Oaks School Division

    Jamie Slobodzian Teacher

    Brooklands School St. James Assiniboia School Division

    Sylvie Tomoniko Teacher

    Hazel M. Kellington School Beautiful Plains School Division

    Chrissy Viznaugh Teacher

    École Powerview Sunrise School Division

    Hanhsong Vuong Teacher

    École Sacre Coeur Winnipeg School Division

    Warren Woodhouse Teacher

    Charles Sinclair School Fisher River Education Authority

    Manitoba Education, School Programs Division

    Staff

    Lee-Ila Bothe Coordinator

    Document Production Services Unit Educational Resources Branch

    Karen Courchene Consultant

    Learning Support and Technology Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    John Evans Consultant

    Learning Support and Technology Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Darryl Gervais Acting Director

    Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Kristin Grapentine Desktop Publisher

    Document Production Services Unit Educational Resources Branch

    Jean Hallas Consultant

    Student Services Unit Program and Student Services Branch

    Heather Knight Wells Consultant

    Development Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Connie Korchak Manager

    Learning Support and Technology Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Susan Letkemann Publications Editor

    Document Production Services Unit Educational Resources Branch

    Gilbert Michaud Consultant

    Curriculum Development and Implementation Branch Bureau de l’éducation française Division

    John Murray Consultant

    Development Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

  • a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s vii

    Warren Nickerson Consultant

    Assessment Unit Instruction, Curriculum and Assessment Branch

    Val Noseworthy Project Leader

    Learning Support and Technology Unit Instr