Effective online corpus training  for language learners

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표 2012. 12.7

Text of Effective online corpus training  for language learners

  • 1. Effective online corpus trainingfor language learners

2. Effective online corpus trainingfor language learners Needs for concordancing training- Promoting the use of corpus in language learning- Online corpora as language learning tools- The effective hands-on concordancing for inductive languagelearning (Boulton, 2009a, 2009b; Cobb, 1997; Cresswell,2007; Johns & King, 1991) - Difficulty of corpus use by language learners (Bernardini, 2002; Boulton, 2009a, 2009b; Chambers, 2007; Farr, 2008) Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 20122 3. Effective online corpus trainingfor language learners Needs for concordancing trainingSuggesting sufficient training for utilizing toolsas a pre-condition for successful use of learners,hands-on concordancing(Boulton, 2009a; Cheng, Warren & Xun-feng,2003; Miceli & Kennedy, 2002) Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 20123 4. Effective online corpus training for language learners Purpose for this research- Proposing effective methods of concordancetraining for university students- Providing concordance materials and toolsfor corpus learners and instruction guidelinesfor corpus trainers. Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 20124 5. Effective online corpus trainingfor language learners Backgrounds of training methods- Different types of concordance activities (Aston, 2002, p.10) 1) Form-focused activity: Data-Driven Learning 2) Meaning-focused activity: Data-driven cultural learning 3) Skill-focused activity: a bottom-up variety for reading skills and reading strategies 4) Reference activity: reading, writing, and translation 5) Browsing activity: explorations of the corpusSooin Chun, Dec. 7, 20125 6. Effective online corpus training for language learners Backgrounds of training methods- Different approaches of concordance activities 1) Form-focused & Meaning-focused corpus search(Gardner & Davies, 2007) 2) Inductive & Deductive concordance activities(Cresswell, 2007; Johns & King, 1991; Kim & Chun, 2008)Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 20126 7. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 1. Participants- 27 undergraduate students enrolled in EnglishEducation department- No experience in corpus use Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 7 8. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 2. Materials1) Online corporaOnline corpus Number of selection Size of corpus Genre/modeSubscriptionof corpus (number of token) of corpus Corpus Concordance 23 From 3,000 to 3Diverse/Written Free EnglishmillionsVLC Web 22From 99,000 to 1.4Diverse/Written FreeConcordancer millionsBYU-BNC 1100 millionsDiverse/ FreeSpoken & writtenJustTheWord 1 80 millions Diverse/FreeSpoken & writtenMICASE11.8 millions Diverse/SpokenFree Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 8 9. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop2. Materials 2) Concordance game (deductive activity): Diverse exercises in 8 stages, practicing how to use wildcard (asterisk mark*)and POS (part of speech) in a concordancer/ corpus3) 3 tasks (Inductive activity) undertaking independent corpus investigationSooin Chun, Dec. 7, 20129 10. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 3. Procedures- Six class hours for two weeks,as a part of a required course- Two stages:Tool training & Applications of the toolsSooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 10 11. Effective online corpus trainingfor language learners Concordance workshop 3. ProceduresProcedures ContentsTechniquesWeek 1Exercises for(2 Lessons, Tool trainingCorpora & Online technical functions3 class hours) concordancers(individualpractice)Week 2Application of Hands-on Concordance(2 Lessons, concordancing Concordancing exercises/games Deductive3 class hours)(individual/group activitieswork)Week 3 - Week 8 Student Concordance tasks semi-controlled & Inductive(each task in independent free searches activities two weeks) concordanceinvestigationSooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 11 12. Effective online corpus trainingfor language learners Evaluation 1. SurveySurvey questions N MinMax M SDQ.1 The concordancers/ online corpora 27353.78 .698 were easy to use.Q.2 The concordance tasks were easy to27243.00 .679undertake.Q.3 I used online corpora a lot whendoing vocabulary assignments in this27254.37 .742course.Q.4 Concordance/ concordancing were 27153.78 1.013helpful for my vocabulary learning. Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 201212 13. Effective online corpus training for language learners Evaluation 2. Focus group interviews- Three groups of seven to ten - Interviewing each group for 40 minutes - Semi-structured, concentrating on the issues:a. Usefulness of online concordance toolsb. Difficulties encountered in use of the toolsc. Usages of the tools Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 13 14. Effective online corpus training for language learners Evaluation 2. Focus group interviews - 17 students: all students in Group 1; half inGroup 2; 2 in Group 3, had positive attitudestoward use of tools. - 5 in Group 3 missed the part of training, failed to complete the concordance tasks.Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 14 15. Effective online corpus training for language learners Conclusions- Sufficient practice for beginner users to learnfunctions of online corpora- Effective ways to help them to understand howto use corpus for their language learningImportance of intensive, effective training Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 15 16. Effective online corpus training for language learners Suggestions StagesCharacteristicsInstructional guidesPreliminary Ignorant of concordance and research tools; needProvide intensive toolstage training to raise awareness regarding the use trainingof concordance in language learningBeginning to learn concordancing, but not Guide usingInitial stage understanding essential concepts of inductive controlled activities;learning; using other sources instead of corpus;give feedback to keepspeculating on the conclusionsthem on trackSkillful but no undertaking in-depth searches onDevelopmental the target words; partial understanding of inductive Give feedback track keep them on tostage learning; weak conclusions; focusing mainly onsyntactic features and partly on meaningsSkillful, and undertaking in-depth research on target Expand receptivewords; good understanding regarding the essential vocabularyExpert stageconcepts of inductive learning; making evidence-knowledge toproved, insightful conclusions by both syntactic andproductivesemantic analysis on target words vocabularySooin Chun, Dec. 7, 201216 17. Effective online corpus training for language learners Q&A Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 17 18. Chun, Sooin. (2012). Effective Concordance Workshop forCorpus Learners. Modern English Education, 13(4), 67-88. Thank youSooin Chun, Dec. 7, 201218