Educational Trends of Filipino, Hawaiian, and Other ... Educational Trends of Filipino, Hawaiian and

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  • Educational Trends of Filipino, Hawaiian, and Other Students as Related

    to the Strategic Plan of the University of Hawai)i at M~noa

    Joan Y. Harms, Ph.D. Office of the Dean of Students University of Hawai)i at M~noa

    July 2003

  • This report was made possible by a Diversity and Equity Initiative Grant. Acknowledgment also goes to Teague Jim, Student Assistant,

    for assistance in this project

    Cover photo by Franco Salmoiraghi

  • i

    Executive Summary Educational Trends of Filipino, Hawaiian and Other Students

    as Related to the Strategic Plan of the University of Hawai)i at M~noa

    This study highlights certain college experience trends as reported by undergraduate Filipino, Hawaiian, and Other students at the University of Hawai'i at M~noa. Cross sectional survey studies were conducted in 1996, 1999, and 2002 using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire (CSEQ).

    This report focuses on trend data related to the five themes of the strategic plan of UH-M~noa as follows: research; educational effectiveness; social justice; place, economic development/career development; culture, society and the arts; and technology/computers. The report supports the WASC emphasis on “continuous improvement.” As such, the emphasis is on whether UH-M~noa is improving (upward trend) in its strategic efforts.

    It is also important to note the amount or level of student engagement in their college experiences while looking at trends to understand the results more fully. For example, the trend may be upward but the amount of involvement may be low as is the case of student- faculty engagement in research activities described below under “Research.” For this reason line or bar graphs and data tables are included in this report along with the report narrative. Additionally, “F1" means you can find the graph and data table in “Figure 1" in this report.

    Only a few indicators are highlighted per strategic plan category. Interested readers are encouraged to view the full report for a broader range of supporting results.

    Research

    • All groups report an upward trend in working with faculty on a research project, but the percentage of undergraduates engaged in this manner is low. (F1)

    • Although there is a growing involvement of students in research activities, all groups display a gradual downward trend in aspiration to earn graduate degrees. (F5)

    Educational Effectiveness

    Student-Faculty Interaction

    • All groups report an upward trend in many areas of student-faculty interactions, such as talking about a course, discussing term papers or projects, and discussing career plans. Upward trends are also noted in outside of class discussions and social activities although the amount of involvement is low. (F9-10, F14-16)

    • Filipino and the Other group report a modest upward trend while Hawaiian students a slight downward trend in asking faculty for feedback about their academic

  • ii

    performance (F11)

    • There is a decline by all groups in working harder as a result of instructor feedback. A larger percentage of Filipino students work harder as a result of feedback compared to the other two groups. (F12)

    • In respect to students meeting standards set by instructors, about half of Filipino students and slightly more than a third of Other and Hawaiian students report working harder than they imagined to meet faculty expectations. (F13)

    Course Learning

    • The Other group and Filipino students show an upward trend in using various course learning strategies, such as summarizing major points from class notes, explaining material from a course to someone else, fitting facts and ideas together, and integrating ideas from various sources. Hawaiian students report downward trends or little change. (F17-20)

    • Filipino and Hawaiian students display a downward trend and the Other group an upward trend in participating in class discussions. Filipino students are least likely to engage in class discussions. (F21)

    Library

    • All groups demonstrate a downward trend in the use of the library as a place to study and to read reserved readings. All groups show a decrease in use of computerized searches in the library and an increase in judging the quality of materials found in the library, World Wide Web or other sources. (F6-8)

    Writing

    • All groups show an upward trend in gain in writing effectively and clearly. (F22)

    • All groups report upward trends in asking others to read what they have written and to check clarity. Only half of the students in each group, however, sought such feedback. (F23)

    • The Other group shows a gradual upward trend and Filipino and Hawaiian students little change in asking faculty or staff for assistance in improving their writing. Filipino and Hawaiian students are also less likely to ask for help than the Other group. (F24 )

    • All groups report upward trends in revising their paper two or more times before being satisfied. (F25)

    Gain in Intellectual Skills

    • The Other and Filipino students report upward trends in gains in critical thinking, quantitative analysis, independent learning and synthesis. (F31-34)

  • iii

    • Hawaiian students report a slight downward trend in synthesizing ideas and little change in independent learning trends. (F33-34)

    • A larger percent of Filipino students compared to Hawaiians and Others report gains in intellectual skills. (F31-34)

    • All groups report an upward trend in the emphasis the University is placing on developing critical, evaluative and analytical qualities (F35)

    Gain in General Education, Literature, Arts, and Social Science

    • All groups report upward trends in gain in general education, literature and the arts. (F36-38)

    • Hawaiian and Other students report upward trends while Filipino students downward trends in gains in understanding other cultures, the importance of history, and expressing ideas effectively through speech. (F39-41)

    Gain in Personal Development and Social Competence

    • Other students report consistent upward trends in personal and social growth. (F42-49)

    • Filipino students report a higher percentage of involvement in activities of personal self- improvement than the other two groups. Conversely, Hawaiian students report a lower percentage of engagement in personal growth in most of the activities measured. (F42- 49)

    Campus Clubs and Organizations

    • Filipino and Other students report upward trends and Hawaiian students a downward trend in attending a meeting of a club, organization or student government group or on working on a committee, student organization or project. (F51-52)

    • About 10 percent of students in all groups interacted with faculty or staff advisor to discuss the activities of a group or organization. The Other group displays a slight upward trend in this area with little or slight change for Filipino and Hawaiian students. (F54)

    Quality of Student Relationships

    • All groups report an upward trend in the quality of relationships between students and other students and students and faculty. (F55-56)

    • Filipino students demonstrate a slight upward trend and Hawaiian and Other students downward trends in their relationships with administrators. (F57)

  • iv

    Satisfaction with College

    • Filipino students report a downward trend in liking college and an upward trend in selecting UH-M~noa if they could start college again. (F59-60)

    • Hawaiian students report a downward trend in liking college and in selecting UH-M~noa if they could start college again. (F59-60)

    • Other students report little change in liking college and an upward trend in selecting UH- M~noa if they could start college again. (F59-60)

    Social Justice/Diversity

    • All groups perceive an increase in the emphasis the University places on the development of an understanding of human diversity. (F61)

    • Other students report upward trends and Filipino and Hawaiian students downward trends or little change in becoming acquainted with students different from themselves in ethnicity, interest, socio-economic background, and country of origin. An upward trend is noted for all groups in becoming acquainted with students of a different age. (F62-66)

    • Although Filipino and Hawaiian students have not shown great increases over the years in acquaintanceships with students different from themselves, Filipinos are still the highest percentage of students who become acquainted with students different from themselves and Hawaiians the lowest. (F62-65)

    • Hawaiian and Other students report upward trends and Filipino students little change or a downward trend in gain in awareness of other philosophies, cultures, and ways of life and knowledge about other parts of the world and other people. (F67-68)

    • Filipino and Hawaiian students report little change or a downward trend and the Other group an upward trend in gain in developing ones own values and ethical standards and in gain in ability to get along with different kinds of people. (F69-70)

    Place

    • All groups report upward trends in using the campus lounge to relax or study. (F77)

    • All groups report an increase in using recreational facilities, such as the pool, fitness center, and tennis courts. (F78)

    • About 5 in 10 Filipino students, and 4 in 10 Hawaiian and Other met with other students at a campus location for a discussion. These 200