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Eco-Friendly: The Boeing 787 - u.osu.edu · PDF fileEco-Friendly: The Boeing 787 By: Isaac Faust, Zac Haverfield, Keaton Joosten

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  • Eco-Friendly: The Boeing 787By: Isaac Faust, Zac Haverfield, Keaton Joosten

  • Outline

    - What is the Boeing 787?- More Electric Aircraft

    - What is Eco Friendly?- Designs of the 787 that are Eco-Friendly

    - Electrical Subsystems- Airframe- Propulsion

    - Design Challenges- Future Improvements

    http://www.socialstudent.co.uk/boeing-787-dreamliners-catastrophic-software-bug/

  • What is the Boeing 787?

    - The Boeing 787 is the most recent wide body commercial aircraft currently produced.2

    - The 787 is referred to as a More Electric Aircraft.2

    - More Electric Aircraft - an aircraft designed to replace most traditional systems in an aircraft with electrical subsystems, excluding propulsion.2

    Karimi, Kamiar J., PhD. Future Aircraft Power Systems- Integration Challenges. Seattle, Wa: Boeing Company, 2007. PPT.

  • What is Eco Friendly?

    - Eco Friendly products are those that are designed to reduce or remove harmful environmental impacts.

    - The Boeing 787 is one of the first generation of aircraft that holds design emphasis on being Eco- Friendly.2

    2.) Karimi, Kamiar J., PhD. Future Aircraft Power Systems- Integration Challenges. Seattle, Wa: Boeing Company, 2007. PPT.

  • Electrical Subsystems

    - The 787 uses electrical systems to replace systems that used hydraulics in previous generations of aircraft. 2

    - These Systems Include: Electric bleed air system (electronic climate control), electric brakes, electric flight surface actuation, and electric engine start.2

    - Use of electronic systems reduces the weight of hydraulic and mechanical systems (tubing, fluid, pumps vs servo) while reducing needed maintenance.2,3

    http://www.woodward.com/APECSLinear.aspx

    2.) Karimi, Kamiar J., PhD. Future Aircraft Power Systems- Integration Challenges. Seattle, Wa: Boeing Company, 2007. PPT.

    3.) Williard, Nicholas, Wei He, Christopher Hendricks, and Michael Pecht. "Lessons Learned from the 787 Dreamliner Issue on Lithium-Ion Battery Reliability." Energies Isbn: 1996-1073 6.4682-4695 (2013): 1-14. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.

  • Airframe

    - The Boeing 787 contains 50% composite, 20% aluminum, 15% titanium, 10% steel and 5% other material.4

    - The lightweight of this aircraft makes it more efficient and have a larger range than current airliners.1

    - The Dreamliner has twice the maintenance interval compared to the Boeing 767.1

    1.)Kollgaard, J. R., and S. G. LaRiviere. "Nde Challenges With Future Commercial AircraftA Boeing Perspective." AIP Conference Proceedings 975.1 (2008): 23-28. Academic Search Complete. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.4.)Russo, James. "The World's First Eco-Friendly Airliner." Altenergymag. LJB Management, 1 Dec. 2007. Web. 27 Sept. 2015.

    http://www.airlinereporter.com/2011/04/exclusive-a-chat-with-all-nippon-

    airways-us-engineering-general-manager-on-the-boeing-787-dreamliner/

  • Propulsion Systems

    Rolls-Royce Trent TEN 100011,6

    - Uses 20% less fuel than the CF6

    - Adaptive cooling system- Lowers fuel burn rate

    - Fan Aerodynamics improved- Reduces the sound produced

    - Lightweight fan blades

    - Around 95,000lbs of thrust

    - High pressure fan

    - Uses composite metals

    Boeing-767 GE CF6 Engine8

    - Around 63,500lbs of thrust

    - Low pressure fan

    - Uses heavy metals

    http://eksa.loxblog.com/upload/e/eksa/image/Cutaway.jpg

    6.)The Innovative 787 Carries Boeing, And Aviation, Ahead." Wired.com. Conde Nast Digital, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.8.)The CF6 Engine." The CF6 Engine. General Electric, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 201511.)Improving Fuel Efficiency." Rolls-Royce. Rolls-Royce, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015

  • Propulsion Systems cont.

    General Electric GEnx Engine10,9,7,5

    - Uses carbon fiber materials

    - 15% less fuel consumption

    - 15% less CO emissions

    - LPT using aluminum alloys

    - 2% less fuel burn

    http://www.geaviation.com/commercial/engines/genx/

    Boeing-767 GE CF6 Engine8

    - Low pressure fan

    - Uses heavy metals

    5.)Lu, Benjamin. "The Boeing 787 Dreamliner Designing an Aircraft for the Future | JYI." JYI The Undergraduate Research Journal. Journal of Young Investigators, 01 Aug. 2010. Web. 30 Sept. 20157.)Mazraati, Mohammad, and Osama M. Alyousif. "Aviation Fuel Demand Modelling in OECD and Developing Countries: Impacts of Fuel Efficiency." OPEC Energy Review 33.1 (2009): 23-46. Journal.8.)The CF6 Engine." The CF6 Engine. General Electric, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 20159.)The GEnx Engine." The GEnx Engine. General Electric, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 201510.)The Boeing 787 Dreamliner Designing an Aircraft for the Future | JYI The Undergraduate Research Journal." JYI The Undergraduate Research Journal. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015

  • Design Challenges

    - The electric subsystems of the 787 have led to multiple incidents. Including a fire which is pictured to the right, and took place on January 7, 2013.3

    http://www.cnn.com/2014/12/11/travel/boeing-787-dreamliner-investigation-report/

    3.) Williard, Nicholas, Wei He, Christopher Hendricks, and Michael Pecht. "Lessons Learned from the 787 Dreamliner Issue on Lithium-Ion Battery Reliability." Energies Isbn: 1996-1073 6.4682-4695 (2013): 1-14. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.

  • Future Improvements

    - Boeing Volt Program12- Electric propulsion

    - Boeing Freeze Program12- Liquified natural gas

    http://www.boeing.com/aboutus/environment/environment_report_14/2.3_future_flight.html

    12.) "Future Flight." Boeing: 2014 Environment Report. Boeing SUGAR Program, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

  • References

    1.)Kollgaard, J. R., and S. G. LaRiviere. "Nde Challenges With Future Commercial AircraftA Boeing Perspective." AIP Conference Proceedings975.1 (2008): 23-28. Academic Search Complete. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.

    2.)Karimi, Kamiar J., PhD. Future Aircraft Power Systems- Integration Challenges. Seattle, Wa: Boeing Company, 2007. PPT.

    3.)Williard, Nicholas, Wei He, Christopher Hendricks, and Michael Pecht. "Lessons Learned from the 787 Dreamliner Issue on Lithium-Ion Battery Reliability." Energies Isbn: 1996-1073 6.4682-4695 (2013): 1-14. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.

    4.)Russo, James. "The World's First Eco-Friendly Airliner." Altenergymag. LJB Management, 1 Dec. 2007. Web. 27 Sept. 2015.

    5.)Lu, Benjamin. "The Boeing 787 Dreamliner Designing an Aircraft for the Future | JYI." JYI The Undergraduate Research Journal. Journal of Young Investigators, 01 Aug. 2010. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.

    https://787.aircanada.com/images/hero.png

  • References cont.

    6.) The Innovative 787 Carries Boeing, And Aviation, Ahead." Wired.com. Conde Nast Digital, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.

    7.) Mazraati, Mohammad, and Osama M. Alyousif. "Aviation Fuel Demand Modelling in OECD and Developing Countries: Impacts of Fuel Efficiency." OPEC Energy Review 33.1 (2009): 23-46. Journal.

    8.) "The CF6 Engine." The CF6 Engine. General Electric, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

    9.) "The GEnx Engine." The GEnx Engine. General Electric, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

    10.) "The Boeing 787 Dreamliner Designing an Aircraft for the Future | JYI The Undergraduate Research Journal." JYI The Undergraduate Research Journal. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

    11.) "Improving Fuel Efficiency." Rolls-Royce. Rolls-Royce, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

    12.)"Future Flight." Boeing: 2014 Environment Report. Boeing SUGAR Program, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.