Earth’s Changing Surface
including tectonics, earthquakes,volcanoes, tsunamis, and more
A pool of water heated by nearbyunderground magma is a:
Earth’s crust is broken into large pieces called:
The theory that the continents havemoved so far over millions of years that they had to have once been connected is:
The point on the surface above wherean earthquake starts, where the earthquake is usually felt the most is:
Which kind of eruption can give offa pyroclastic flow of ash, cinders, andboulders?
This part of a volcano is the main exit for magma to reach the surface.
What type of volcano forms fromlayers of ash and lava from both quiet and explosive eruptions?
The ring of fire is an area around the Pacific plate where subduction has caused a lot of:
A machine that records the vibrations of an earthquake is a:
What type of volcano forms fromthin layers of lava from quiet eruptions?
This part of a volcano is a large poolof hot molten rock from the mantle.
Which type of plate boundary canweaken the crust and form volcanoes?
If an island volcano collapses in, itcan create a:
This part of a volcano is the narrowcrack that brings magma to the surface.
Which type of plate boundary cancause earthquakes?
Transform / sliding
What do we call the strength of an earthquake?
What evidence was found to provethat there really used to be a supercontinent?
What do we call a volcano that is still likely to erupt?
Which kind of fault creates mostlysideways shaking?
The hot, molten rock that makesup the mantle is called ________once it reaches the surface:
Magma trapped under the surface can create a bulge of rock called a:
dome mountainor volcanic bulge
What do we call a volcano that is not likely to erupt ever again?
Wegener called the supercontinentbefore the continents drifted apart:
Earth’s surface can be changed by:
earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, rivers, glaciers, tectonics
The hot, molten rock that makesup the mantle is called:
What scale for rating earthquakesdo most people use today?
What happens when colliding ocean and continent plates weaken the crust, and magma breaks through?
a volcano forms
The crater of a volcano can collapse,forming a larger crater called a:
What do we call a volcano that hasnot erupted in a long time?
inactive or dormant
Water trapped underground and heated by nearby magma can buildup pressure and form a:
This part of a volcano is the bowlshaped mouth of the volcano.
A break in the crust from plates sliding is called a:
Which kind of eruption has thick,sticky lava that clogs the pipe andbuilds up pressure?
Which type of plate boundary is moving America farther from Europe?
What type of volcano forms fromthick layers of ash from explosiveeruptions?
Which type of plate boundary canform mountains like the Himalayas?
Which kind of eruption causes mostof its damage by starting fires?
Which kind of eruption has runny,fast flowing lava that oozes andpours out of the vents?
The point where sliding plates catchand cause an earthquake is the:
The study of the movement of Earth’s crust is: