Early Man 6th Grade Unit 1ste used as tools . The Stone Age Paleolithic Era •Early Stone Age Mesolithic

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  • Archeology The study of past human cultures through the study of the artifacts that were left behind.

    Cave Paintings Egyptian Tombs City Ruins being excavated

    Detailed artifacts carvings in stone

    Artifacts are man made items that were left behind by past civilizations.

    Simple tools made from stone

  • Artifact vs. Fossil

    Artifacts are man made items left behind by past civilizations

    Fossils are the remains of plants and animals that have been preserved

    Archeologist use artifacts to describe how people lived before there was written history

    Scientist use fossils to study extinct plants and animals. To determine how they looked or lived

  • Hunters & Gatherers (Foraging Societies)

    Almost all food was collected through the hunting or trapping of wild animals and the gathering of wild plants such as fruit, berries, and greens. These societies were build upon the clan structure of a few extended families living together. Clans were nomadic following the food supply and typically settled around a source of water.

    Early cave drawings depict a group hunt

    Early tools were made from animal bones, stone or other gathered material.

    Early Hunter gatherer dwellings included caves or primitive huts made from gathered material

    All parts of an animal were used by Hunter Gatherers. Animal skins (pelts) were used for clothing and shelter. Bones and teeth were used as tools

  • The Stone Age

    Paleolithic Era • Early Stone Age

    Mesolithic Era •Middle Stone Age

    Neolithic Era • Late Stone Age (new)

    Stone tools have little shape, they were extremely primitive

    Stone tools begin to take shape and have points

    Stone tools begin to have multiple uses and shapes

  • Early Man’s Migration Out of Africa

    The migration of early man out of Africa into other continents has been documented through the discovery of fossils and other archeological artifacts.

  • Domestication of Plants & Animals

    Wolves (dogs) were some of the first domesticated animals. They assisted humans with hunting prey.

    Sheep, goats, cattle and pigs were the first animals domesticated for food.

    Grains such as rye and gourds were some of the first plants domesticated for food.

    Domestication is the cultivating or taming of plants or animals. It involves the culturing of wanted characteristics such as behavior (animals) or qualities like the location of food production (food). Early domestication of plants and animals occurred during the Neolithic era.

  • Characteristics of Early Settlement

  • Conditions for Human Settlement

    Fertile soil for growing food

    Fresh water for drinking

    Mild Climate • Not too cold • Not too hot • Good amount of rain

    • Not the desert

    Location by a body of water that allows for transportation and trade