Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary

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Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala. Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic. Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary. Early Buddhism . Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince, 6th century BCE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Early Buddhist Art</p><p>VocabularyBuddhaNirvanaKarmaUrnaUshnishaMandala</p><p>StupaAniconic ChaityasToranaMandalaStupaAniconic</p></li><li><p>Early Buddhism Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince, 6th century BCEFour Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends painAbility to create good Karma for a better rebirthEnd of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana</p></li><li><p>The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCE</p></li><li><p>Diagram of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCE</p></li><li><p>Torana, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE</p></li><li><p>Boh Tree, detail of the East Torana, Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE</p></li><li><p>Yakshi, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE</p></li><li><p>Seated Buddha, Gandhara, Pakistan, 2nd-3rd century CEUrna-spot on head, curl of hairUshnisha-lump on top of headBuddha first depicted in human form in the 1st century BC in India and PakistanSimilarity to Roman Gods</p></li><li><p>Buddhism in China-1st century CE220-589 CE, China experienced civil unrest as a result of several conflicting dynastiesBuddhism comes to China via the Silk Road from IndiaBuddha-the Enlightened One Indian princeFour Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends painAbility to create good Karma for a better rebirthEnd of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana</p></li><li><p>Sakyamuni Buddha, China, Zhau Dynasty, 338 CEResembles prototype of the Pakistani BuddhaMisrepresentation of meditation gesture</p><p>BuddhSimilarity to Pakistani budda: flat relief folds of drapery, ushnisha, cross-legged positionHands were wrong, instead of turned upward in a typical meditation gesture, they are rubbing his belly</p></li></ul>