DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia
SUPERVISION AND TREATMENTMODULES
This is an updated photo of Carolyn Thomas before her face was destroyed in a shooting.
Besides the jaw, tissue, and bone, Carolyn lost an eye, nose, and upper lip.
Terrence Kelly leaves court April 15, 2005, in Waco. He was convicted of shooting Carolyn Thomas in the face and killing her mother in 2003. He is serving a life sentence.
Life Begins Anew
Domestic ViolenceDefinition Domestic violence is a form of physical, psychological, or emotional assault, threat, harassment, intimidation, or destruction of property directed at gaining or maintaining power and control over others in the context of an intimate or family relationship.
FACT Battering is the establishment of control and fear in a relationship through violence and other forms of abuse.
The batterer uses acts of violence and a series of behaviors, including intimidation, threats, psychological abuse, isolation, etc. to coerce and to control the other person. The violence may not happen often, but it remains as a hidden (and constant) terrorizing factor.
FACT One in three women victimized by their spouses or ex-spouses report they had been victimized over and over again by the same person.
WHAT ARE SUPERVISION CSO RESPONSIBILITIESConduct the CSOSA Risk/Needs Assessment (Assign Supervision Level)
Develop a Prescriptive Supervision Plan
Monitor Special Conditions
Domestic Violence is a CRIMINAL ACT which may involve:
AssaultBatteryThreatsStalkingDestruction of PropertyTelephone Misuse
Domestic Violence and the Law Domestic Violence Prevention Act of 1991
Requires police officers to make an arrest if there is probable cause that a person is responsible for an intra-family offense that resulted in physical injury or was intended to cause a reasonable fear of injury or death.
Domestic Violence and the Law Anti-stalking against repeat violence pursuant to s.784 or an injunction for protection against domestic violence pursuant to S741.30, or after any other court-imposed prohibition of conduct toward the subject person that persons property, knowingly, willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly follows or harasses another person, commits the offense of aggravated stalking, which is a felony of the third degree. Any law enforcement officer may arrest, without a warrant, any person he or she has probable cause to believe has violated the provision of this section.
5 TYPES OF CASESCIVIL PROTECTION ORDERDEFERRED SENTENCING AGREEMENTPROBATIONPAROLESUPERVISED RELEASE
Domestic Violence Special ConditionsGeneral/Special ConditionsDomestic/Family Violence Intervention ProgramCommunity ServiceAnger ManagementGlobal Positioning System (GPS)
Domestic Violence Special Conditions, Continued
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE TREATMENT PROGRAM
What is a batterer?BattererSomeone who uses not only physical abuse but, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and other behaviors that assert control and power-
Battering is a learned behavior
Batterers come from every social, economic, ethnic professional, educational and religious group
Males are abusers in 95% of Domestic Violence cases.
What does a Batterer Look Like?
What does a Batterer Look Like?
What does a Victim Look Like?
What does a Victim Look Like?
Jekyll & Hyde personalities
History of family violence
Fear of abandonment (dependence on relationships)
Blame others for their Violence
View of opposite sex (beliefs) equality weaker sex
Traditional sex role expectationsCommunication deficitsPoor impulse controlLow self- esteemAbusive ChildhoodDenial
Characteristics of a BattererBatterers often fear abandonment such as:
What we see23- 41 years of ageSignificant portion are under/unemployedSubstantial portion of African American malesVarying socio-economic backgroundMore likely to be not marriedSignificant portion have alcohol/substance historiesSignificant Number report
Domestic Violence Intervention Program: Mission
To eliminate battering behavior within intimate and familial relationships.
To decrease the recidivism rate for domestic violence offenses within the District of Columbia.
Program GoalsThe goal of this psycho/social educational treatment program is to end assaultive behavior in relationships by providing services to those men and women who either admit to violent, threatening and/or menacing behavior, or who are accused or found guilty of threats, assault, battery or any other offense related to domestic conflict.
Treatment Objectives Accept responsibility for battering, assaulting, and/or threatening behavior.Learn why violence is used to solve problems. Understand the processes necessary to change behavior.Increase constructive expressions of emotions, listening skills, and anger control.
Treatment Objectives, ContinuedGain better self-control.Decrease isolation of the batterer and develop potential support systems.Understand the inter-generational aspects of battering and family violence.Elicit commitments to end violent behavior in intimate and familial relationships.Teach alternative strategies to resolving conflicts within intimate and familial relationships (Safety Plan/Equality Wheel).
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE INTERVENTION PROGRAM DVIP
DULUTH MODELDiad facilitators.
DVIP Abuse based on Power and Control.
Psycho-educational models augmented by: Safety Plan and Control Log
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE INTERVENTION PROGRAMGROUP TYPES:Domestic Violence GroupsFamily Violence GroupsAnger Management GroupsFee Based Groups/Non-Fee Groups English/Non-English Speaking GroupsIndividual Counseling (one-on-one)22 weeks, 12 weeks (90 minute sessions)
Facilitator ResponsibilitiesSupport, encourage and facilitate the participants in the change process.
To hold participant accountable for further acts of violence and for failure to complete the program.
To keep the group focused on the issues of violence, abuse, control, and change.
Facilitator ResponsibilitiesTo facilitate reflective and critical thinking about domestic and family violence.
To maintain an atmosphere that is compassionate, challenging, non-colluding and change enabling.
To provide new information and teach non-controlling skills.
To facilitate a healthy group process.
TRAINING TOOLS AND RESOURCES
DVIP Blue Book Pg. 29; Pink Book Pg. 25
CUES TO VIOLENCEALTERNATIVES TO VIOLENCE1. RED FLAG SITUATIONS any situation in which you could become violent. Your perceptions of what is happening when you feel wronged or attacked.Change your expectations (allow yourself not to have to be in control).2. PHYSICAL CUES sensations that occur in our bodies when we are getting pumped up to attack (gritting teeth, pacing, yelling, increased heart rate).Learn to relax.3. NEGATIVE SELF-TALK what we are saying to ourselves about her/him while we are getting upset (justify attacking).Positive self-talk help you de-escalate and is calming. You can do this anywhere and anytime. 4. EMOTIONS BENEATH THE ANGER what you are feeling (hurt, angry, disappointed etc.).
CONTROL LOGACTIONS: Briefly describe the situation and the actions you used to control your partner or family member (i.e., statements, gestures, tone of voice, physical contact, facial expressions).
INTENTS AND BELIEFS: What did you want to happen in this situation?
What beliefs do you have that support your actions and intents?
FEELINGS:What feelings were you having?
MINIMIZATION, DENIAL, AND BLAME:In what ways did you minimize or deny your actions or blame your partner or family member?
EFFECTS:What was the impact of your action On you: On her/him: On others:
PAST VIOLENCE: How did your past use of violence affect this situation?
NON-CONTROLLING BEHAVIORS: What could you have done differently
The District of Columbia Coordinated Community ResponseMetropolitan Police Department United States Attorneys OfficeD.C. Superior CourtOffice of the Attorney General CSOSAWEAVECrime Victims Compensation SAFE
Batterer Intervention Program 1974 Anne Ganley started the first BIP at the Veterans Administration in Tacoma, WA. At this point in time knowledge was extrapolated from the drug & alcohol field and cognitive behavioral theory and used to develop BIP. It was during this time that the battered womens movement began to focus attention on the criminal justice system. Until this time mediation, counseling and non-criminalization was the typical way these cases were handled. 2nd Wave Batterer Intervention The early 1980s Rapid proliferation of BIPs Community Mental Health training staff to provide services Drunk Driving/Highway Safety classes start offering services The Duluth Model of DAIP During the late 1980s the gap between the domestic violence service providers and the mental healt