Do we know anything already?. As soon as you sit down, draw the following as spider diagram centres. Spread them out on one page in your book. Start to complete them with any information you can remember about these events. Which do we know most about? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Do we know anything already?
Do we know anything already?As soon as you sit down, draw the following as spider diagram centres. Spread them out on one page in your book.
Start to complete them with any information you can remember about these events.Which do we know most about?We are going to clarify them today and we will add our learning in a different colour at the end of the lesson. Munich PutchHyperinflationThe Ruhr Invasion
The crises of 1923:Why didnt Weimar Germany fall apart? Must improve literacy skills to describe the events of each crisis facing Weimar 1923 Should improve your responses to 3-part essay questionsCould evaluate Stresemanns effectiveness
Target GradeGood ProgressOutstanding Progress A* - BYou can use your knowledge of the 1923 Crises to answer two different exam questions. You can identify ways to improve exam answersYou can use your knowledge of the 1923 Crises to answer two different exam questions You can identify ways to improve exam answersYou can evaluate Stresemanns effectivenessCYou can describe the events of each crisis facing Weimar 1923You have helped plan a perform a radio broadcastYou can use your knowledge of the 1923 Crises to answer two different exam questions. You can identify ways to improve exam answersD-EYou can describe the events of each crisis facing Weimar 1923You can describe the events of each crisis facing Weimar 1923You have helped plan a perform a radio broadcastDichtogloss: The Ruhr Invasion 1st step: text read slightly faster than you can write2nd step: compare with friends to fill in gaps3rd step: final reading and self check of literacy
Key WordsreparationsRuhrindustrialinvadednon-violentpassive resistancehyperinflationeconomy
4Dichtogloss: Self checkIn 1922, Germany announced it could not afford to pay reparations for the next three years. France did not believe this and in 1923 sent troops into Germanys industrial Ruhr region. They seized control of all mines, factories and railways. The German Government ordered workers not to co-operate in a non-violent process called passive resistance. The Government paid the wages of striking workers. This and the fact that Germany made no money from the Ruhr region led to hyperinflation and broke Germanys economy.20-error proof-read: Hyperinflationwhen the germany gonverment run out of money after the Rhur invasion, they decide on a new economy policy. they printing lots of new money to pay workers and dets. They more money they printed the les it was worth. People lost confidense in the German currency. Prices rised at an incredible rate and by 1923 one dolar was worth 200 billion marks. An egg costed 80 million marks. people with savings lost out, but peoples with dets could pay off their lones. 20-error proof-read: HyperinflationWhen the Germany gonvernment ran out of money after the Ruhr invasion, they decided on a new economic policy. They printed lots of new money to pay workers and debts. They more money they printed the less it was worth. People lost confidence in the German currency. Prices rised rose at an incredible rate and by 1923 one dollar was worth 200 billion marks. An egg costed 80 million marks. People with savings lost out, but peoples with debts could pay off their lones loans. The Beer Hall PutchNote down all the major events of the Beer Hall Putch. We will watch the video once!
Who is involved?
http://youtu.be/tuphFo7LGtE?t=8m3s Quick CheckWrite a headline for three news reports, one for each crisis.
Try to write a main headline and a subheadline with a little more detail:
GOVERNMENT CAVES IN AT VERSAILLES November Criminals sign away German power overnight.Exam Practice question: full speed!Remember to work efficiently but dont rush.Spelling, grammar and quality of English matter! 5 points = 5 marks.
Describe the events of 1923 in Germany.Self-assessment: Describe QuestionDescribe - 5 marks1 mark for each valid example identified, 2-3 marks for any examples that are described or explained. Award a maximum of 1 mark to general answers lacking in specific contextual knowledge.
Write a mark, a positive comment and a target for the description part.Stresemann and his solutions
Gustav StresemannChancellor 1923 & Foreign minister 1923-29
Remember that the Weimar Government was democratically elected and Stresemann had a moral duty to look after the people who elected him as well as the country as a whole.
Problem 1: French troops in the RuhrFrench troops had invaded because Germany had not kept up their reparation payments. ABCStresemann, you must meet up with the Americans and ask them to reduce the reparation payments.No! Invade the Ruhr and fight the French forces. You may only have 100,000 soldiers left but it should be enough.Refuse to pay reparations any more; you cant afford it can you?13
Problem 1: French troops in the RuhrAnd the scores are..ABC10 points30 points20 points14
Problem 2: HyperinflationMoney had become worthlessPeoples lifelong savings had been lostA loaf of bread cost Do you ABCPrint higher value notes. (e.g. 2 billion, 3 billion etc). That way people wont have to use wheelbarrows to carry their money anymore. Invent a new currency and use it to completely replace the old German markWait for the currency to recover by itself. That way all those peoples savings will become worth something again.15
Problem 2: HyperinflationAnd the scores are.ABC30 points10 points20 points16
Problem 3: No one trusted the GermansOther countries dont want to make alliances with Germany. Germany have been left out of the League of NationsABCI know weve been banned from the Anchluss (making alliances with Austria). But they are our natural ally. We need to make the Anchluss once moreWe can get involved with lots of peace treaties with other countries. Lets join the League of Nations too! Just sign on the dotted line.We want to rebuild the German Empire. That way we can defend ourselves from our enemies.17
Problem 3: No one trusted the GermansABC10 points20 points30 points18
Problem 4:German industry is run down after the Great WarFactories are run down, there are only a few jobs, and poor schools, housing and hospitals.ABCOrganise a MASSIVE loan from America to help pay for new schools, houses and hospitals and to create new jobs. Quietly build up the Germany army. This will help create new jobs.Let the economy recover on its own- it may be slower, but it is much cheaper and it will recover eventually19
Problem 4:German industry is run down after the Great WarFactories are run down, there are only a few jobs, and poor schools, housing and hospitals.ABC10 points30 points20 points20Add up your scores.40-60 points: Well done! You are Gustav Stresemann. You brought in a new golden age in Weimar Germany!
70-90 points: Not great solutions, if you really want to be part of a peaceful Europe. Perhaps you have a future with the Nationalist Party, the Nazis
100-120 points: Your ideas were very similar to those of Adolf Hitler. They were also what some Germans wanted- although the Nazi party was not yet very popular. Probably, your solutions would ultimately led to war 21ProblemsStresmanns solution: how good was it?HyperinflationFrench occupation of the RuhrGermanys poor relationship with other countriesGerman industry is in trouble22Exam Practice question: full speed!Remember to work efficiently but dont rush.Spelling, grammar and quality of English matter! THINK THROUGH THE QUESTION!Two sides of the argument, 3 pieces of evidence for each side, one short paragraph explaining your conclusions.
To what extent did Gustav Stresemann deserve his Nobel Peace Prize? (8)Exam Practice: Peer assessment* Written communication assessed in this question use the literacy marking code where you can!Level 1 General assertions (1-2) Level 2 Identifies / evidences one view point (3) Level 3 Identifies / evidences both view points (4) Level 4 Explains one view point in context of question (5-6) Level 5 Explains both view points in context of question (7) Level 6 both viewpoints explained and a clear conclusion (8)
Write a Level, a mark, a positive comment and a target for the evaluation part.
How have you improved?Bullet point two ways you have improved your answers this lesson.
Then add to your three spider diagrams to complete them for revision purposes! Use a different colour for this!Youtube: MisterHistry FilmsWe will film these next lesson.We must be ready to film right at the start of next lessonYou need to be ready to perform at the end of this lesson!
Success Criteria:The key date(s)Summary of eventsAnalysis of how and why it threatened WeimarSuggestions on what might happen nextIdeally a short interview/on the scene reporter!