Detroit Diesel Corporation Diesel Engines Settlement (PDF)

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  • IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

    UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ) ) )

    Plaintiff, ) )

    v. ) Civil Action No. )

    DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION, ) ) )

    Defendant. )

  • CONSENT DECREE

    I. JURISDICTION AND VENUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    II. DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    III. APPLICABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    IV. FACTUAL BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    V. OBJECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    VI. REQUIREMENTS FOR ON-ROAD HDDES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    A. REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF CONFORMITY . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    B. APPLICABILITY OF ADDITIONAL COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    C. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO LMB ENGINES ONLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    D. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO TRUCK HHDDES ONLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    E. AVERAGING, BANKING AND TRADING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    F. TNTE LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    VI-A.REQUIREMENTS FOR NONROAD CI ENGINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    VII. FEDERAL CERTIFICATION, SELECTIVE ENFORCEMENT AUDITING,

    ADMINISTRATIVE RECALL, AND RECORD KEEPING AND REPORTING

    REQUIREMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE EURO III, NTE, TNTE, SMOKE (OR

    ALTERNATE OPACITY) AND NOX PLUS NMHC LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

    VIII. COMPLIANCE AUDITING AND IN-USE TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    A. COMPLIANCE AUDITOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    B. IN-USE TESTING PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

    IX. ADDITIONAL INJUNCTIVE RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

  • A. NONROAD CI ENGINE EMISSIONS STANDARD PULL-AHEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

    B. LOW NOX REBUILD PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    C. ADDITIONAL INJUNCTIVE RELIEF/OFFSET PROJECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

    X. ADDITIONAL DATA ACCESS, MONITORING, AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS . . 81

    A. ACCESS TO ENGINE CONTROL MODULE DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

    B. COMPLIANCE REPRESENTATIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

    C. PROGRESS REPORTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

    XI. NON-CIRCUMVENTION PROVISIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

    XII. NOTICE AND SUBMITTALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

    XIII. CIVIL PENALTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

    XIV. STIPULATED PENALTIES AND OTHER PAYMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

    XV. FORCE MAJEURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    XVI. DISPUTE RESOLUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

    XVII. EFFECT OF SETTLEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

    XVIII. RIGHT OF ENTRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

    XIX. ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND RETENTION OF DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

    XX. NON-WAIVER PROVISIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

    XXI. THIRD PARTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

    XXII. COSTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

    XXIII. PUBLIC NOTICE AND COMMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

    XXIV. MODIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

  • XXV. RETENTION OF JURISDICTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

    XXVI. EFFECTIVE DATE AND TERMINATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

    XXVII. ENTIRE AGREEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

    XXVIII. SIGNATORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

  • WHEREAS, PLAINTIFF, THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AT THE REQUEST OF THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE

    UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA), AND BY AUTHORITY OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL,

    FILED THE COMPLAINT HEREIN AGAINST DEFENDANT, DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION (DDC), A DELAWARE

    CORPORATION, ALLEGING VIOLATIONS OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT, AS AMENDED, 42 U.S.C. 7401 ET SEQ., (THE

    ACT) IN CONNECTION WITH CERTAIN HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL ENGINES MANUFACTURED AND SOLD BY DDC, AND HAS

    FILED SIMILAR COMPLAINTS IN RELATED ACTIONS AGAINST OTHER HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL ENGINE MANUFACTURERS;

    AND

    WHEREAS, DDC DENIES THE VIOLATIONS ALLEGED IN THE COMPLAINT; AND

    WHEREAS, THE UNITED STATES AND DDC HAVE CONSENTED TO ENTRY OF THIS CONSENT DECREE

    WITHOUT TRIAL OF ANY ISSUE; AND

    WHEREAS, EPA IS CHARGED WITH PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR ENFORCING THE CLEAN AIR ACT; AND

    WHEREAS, EPA HAS CONDUCTED AN EXTENSIVE INVESTIGATION OF THE MATTERS WHICH ARE THE

    SUBJECT OF THE CONSENT DECREE; AND

    WHEREAS, THE UNITED STATES HAS DETERMINED THAT THE COMPREHENSIVE RELIEF SET FORTH IN THIS

    CONSENT DECREE WILL PROVIDE PROTECTION OF THE HEALTH AND WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES;

    AND

    WHEREAS, THE UNITED STATES AND DDC AGREE, AND THE COURT BY ENTERING THIS CONSENT DECREE

    FINDS, THAT THIS CONSENT DECREE HAS BEEN NEGOTIATED BY THE UNITED STATES AND DDC IN GOOD FAITH, THAT

    IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS CONSENT DECREE WILL AVOID PROLONGED AND COMPLICATED LITIGATION BETWEEN THE

    PARTIES, AND THAT THIS CONSENT DECREE IS FAIR, REASONABLE, AND IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST;

    NOW, THEREFORE, BEFORE THE TAKING OF ANY TESTIMONY, AND WITHOUT TRIAL OR ADJUDICATION OF

    ANY ISSUE OF FACT OR LAW AND WITHOUT THIS CONSENT DECREE CONSTITUTING AN ADMISSION BY ANY PARTY WITH

    RESPECT TO ANY SUCH ISSUE, AND THE COURT HAVING CONSIDERED THE MATTER AND BEING DULY ADVISED, IT IS

    HEREBY ORDERED AND DECREED AS FOLLOWS:

    I.JURISDICTION AND VENUE

    1. THIS COURT HAS JURISDICTION OVER THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THIS ACTION AND THE PARTIES TO THIS

    CONSENT DECREE PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. 1331, 1345, 1355, AND TITLE II OF THE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 7521-7590.

    2. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS ACTION AND THIS CONSENT DECREE, DDC DOES NOT CONTEST THAT VENUE IS

    PROPER IN THIS DISTRICT PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 204 AND 205 OF THE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 7523 AND 7524.

    II.DEFINITIONS

    3. UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DEFINED IN THIS SECTION OR ELSEWHERE IN THIS CONSENT DECREE, TERMS USED

    HEREIN SHALL HAVE THE MEANINGS CURRENTLY SET FORTH IN SECTIONS 216 AND 302 OF THE ACT, 42 U.S.C.

    - 1

  • 7550 AND 7602, AND ANY REGULATION PROMULGATED UNDER TITLE II OF THE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 7521-7590. THE

    FOLLOWING DEFINITIONS SHALL APPLY FOR PURPOSES OF THIS CONSENT DECREE.

    ACT MEANS THE CLEAN AIR ACT, AS AMENDED, 42 U.S.C. 7401 ET SEQ.

    A,B&T MEANS THE MOTOR VEHICLE ENGINE EMISSION AVERAGING, BANKING AND TRADING PROGRAM SET

    FORTH IN 40 C.F.R. 86.091-15, 86.092-15, 86.094-15, AND 86.004-15.

    AECD, OR AUXILIARY EMISSION CONTROL DEVICE, MEANS ANY DEVICE OR ELEMENT OF DESIGN THAT

    SENSES TEMPERATURE, VEHICLE SPEED, ENGINE RPM, TRANSMISSION GEAR, MANIFOLD VACUUM, OR ANY OTHER

    PARAMETER FOR THE PURPOSE OF ACTIVATING, MODULATING, DELAYING, OR DEACTIVATING THE OPERATION OF THE

    EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM.

    CALIFORNIA SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT MEANS THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN DDC AND THE CALIFORNIA

    AIR RESOURCES BOARD RESOLVING CALIFORNIA CLAIMS WITH RESPECT TO MATTERS ADDRESSED IN THIS CONSENT

    DECREE.

    CARB MEANS THE CALIFORNIA AIR RESOURCES BOARD.

    CERTIFICATE OF CONFORMITY OR CERTIFICATE MEANS A CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY EPA PURSUANT TO

    SECTION 206 OF THE ACT, 42 U.S.C.